[v6,4/4] cramfs: rehabilitate it

Message ID 20171012061613.28705-5-nicolas.pitre@linaro.org
State Accepted
Commit 8d59598c35dc1071e6c36f86c9a95f26dd08b4e5
Headers show
  • cramfs refresh for embedded usage
Related show

Commit Message

Nicolas Pitre Oct. 12, 2017, 6:16 a.m.
Update documentation, pointer to latest tools, appoint myself as
maintainer. Given it's been unloved for so long, I don't expect anyone
will protest.

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>

Tested-by: Chris Brandt <chris.brandt@renesas.com>

 Documentation/filesystems/cramfs.txt | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 MAINTAINERS                          |  4 ++--
 fs/cramfs/Kconfig                    |  9 +++++---
 3 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)



diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/cramfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/cramfs.txt
index 4006298f67..8e19a53d64 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/cramfs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/cramfs.txt
@@ -45,6 +45,48 @@  you can just change the #define in mkcramfs.c, so long as you don't
 mind the filesystem becoming unreadable to future kernels.
+Memory Mapped cramfs image
+The CRAMFS_MTD Kconfig option adds support for loading data directly from
+a physical linear memory range (usually non volatile memory like Flash)
+instead of going through the block device layer. This saves some memory
+since no intermediate buffering is necessary to hold the data before
+And when data blocks are kept uncompressed and properly aligned, they will
+automatically be mapped directly into user space whenever possible providing
+eXecute-In-Place (XIP) from ROM of read-only segments. Data segments mapped
+read-write (hence they have to be copied to RAM) may still be compressed in
+the cramfs image in the same file along with non compressed read-only
+segments. Both MMU and no-MMU systems are supported. This is particularly
+handy for tiny embedded systems with very tight memory constraints.
+The location of the cramfs image in memory is system dependent. You must
+know the proper physical address where the cramfs image is located and
+configure an MTD device for it. Also, that MTD device must be supported
+by a map driver that implements the "point" method. Examples of such
+MTD drivers are cfi_cmdset_0001 (Intel/Sharp CFI flash) or physmap
+(Flash device in physical memory map). MTD partitions based on such devices
+are fine too. Then that device should be specified with the "mtd:" prefix
+as the mount device argument. For example, to mount the MTD device named
+"fs_partition" on the /mnt directory:
+$ mount -t cramfs mtd:fs_partition /mnt
+To boot a kernel with this as root filesystem, suffice to specify
+something like "root=mtd:fs_partition" on the kernel command line.
+A version of mkcramfs that can take advantage of the latest capabilities
+described above can be found here:
 For /usr/share/magic
index 65b0c88d5e..cd621c5f52 100644
@@ -3676,8 +3676,8 @@  F:	drivers/cpuidle/*
 F:	include/linux/cpuidle.h
-W:	http://sourceforge.net/projects/cramfs/
-S:	Orphan / Obsolete
+M:	Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
+S:	Maintained
 F:	Documentation/filesystems/cramfs.txt
 F:	fs/cramfs/
diff --git a/fs/cramfs/Kconfig b/fs/cramfs/Kconfig
index ef86b06bc0..f937082f32 100644
--- a/fs/cramfs/Kconfig
+++ b/fs/cramfs/Kconfig
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@ 
 config CRAMFS
-	tristate "Compressed ROM file system support (cramfs) (OBSOLETE)"
+	tristate "Compressed ROM file system support (cramfs)"
 	  Saying Y here includes support for CramFs (Compressed ROM File
@@ -15,8 +15,11 @@  config CRAMFS
 	  cramfs.  Note that the root file system (the one containing the
 	  directory /) cannot be compiled as a module.
-	  This filesystem is obsoleted by SquashFS, which is much better
-	  in terms of performance and features.
+	  This filesystem is limited in capabilities and performance on
+	  purpose to remain small and low on RAM usage. It is most suitable
+	  for small embedded systems. If you have ample RAM to spare, you may
+	  consider a more capable compressed filesystem such as SquashFS
+	  which is much better in terms of performance and features.
 	  If unsure, say N.