[PULL,37/51] translate-all: use a binary search tree to track TBs in TBContext

Message ID 20171025093535.10175-38-richard.henderson@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • tcg queued patches
Related show

Commit Message

Richard Henderson Oct. 25, 2017, 9:35 a.m.
From: "Emilio G. Cota" <cota@braap.org>


This is a prerequisite for supporting multiple TCG contexts, since
we will have threads generating code in separate regions of
code_gen_buffer.

For this we need a new field (.size) in struct tb_tc to keep
track of the size of the translated code. This field uses a size_t
to avoid adding a hole to the struct, although really an unsigned
int would have been enough.

The comparison function we use is optimized for the common case:
insertions. Profiling shows that upon booting debian-arm, 98%
of comparisons are between existing tb's (i.e. a->size and b->size
are both !0), which happens during insertions (and removals, but
those are rare). The remaining cases are lookups. From reading the glib
sources we see that the first key is always the lookup key. However,
the code does not assume this to always be the case because this
behaviour is not guaranteed in the glib docs. However, we embed
this knowledge in the code as a branch hint for the compiler.

Note that tb_free does not free space in the code_gen_buffer anymore,
since we cannot easily know whether the tb is the last one inserted
in code_gen_buffer. The next patch in this series renames tb_free
to tb_remove to reflect this.

Performance-wise, lookups in tb_find_pc are the same as before:
O(log n). However, insertions are O(log n) instead of O(1), which
results in a small slowdown when booting debian-arm:

Performance counter stats for 'build/arm-softmmu/qemu-system-arm \
	-machine type=virt -nographic -smp 1 -m 4096 \
	-netdev user,id=unet,hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22 \
	-device virtio-net-device,netdev=unet \
	-drive file=img/arm/jessie-arm32.qcow2,id=myblock,index=0,if=none \
	-device virtio-blk-device,drive=myblock \
	-kernel img/arm/aarch32-current-linux-kernel-only.img \
	-append console=ttyAMA0 root=/dev/vda1 \
	-name arm,debug-threads=on -smp 1' (10 runs):

- Before:

       8048.598422      task-clock (msec)         #    0.931 CPUs utilized            ( +-  0.28% )
            16,974      context-switches          #    0.002 M/sec                    ( +-  0.12% )
                 0      cpu-migrations            #    0.000 K/sec
            10,125      page-faults               #    0.001 M/sec                    ( +-  1.23% )
    35,144,901,879      cycles                    #    4.367 GHz                      ( +-  0.14% )
   <not supported>      stalled-cycles-frontend
   <not supported>      stalled-cycles-backend
    65,758,252,643      instructions              #    1.87  insns per cycle          ( +-  0.33% )
    10,871,298,668      branches                  # 1350.707 M/sec                    ( +-  0.41% )
       192,322,212      branch-misses             #    1.77% of all branches          ( +-  0.32% )

       8.640869419 seconds time elapsed                                          ( +-  0.57% )

- After:
       8146.242027      task-clock (msec)         #    0.923 CPUs utilized            ( +-  1.23% )
            17,016      context-switches          #    0.002 M/sec                    ( +-  0.40% )
                 0      cpu-migrations            #    0.000 K/sec
            18,769      page-faults               #    0.002 M/sec                    ( +-  0.45% )
    35,660,956,120      cycles                    #    4.378 GHz                      ( +-  1.22% )
   <not supported>      stalled-cycles-frontend
   <not supported>      stalled-cycles-backend
    65,095,366,607      instructions              #    1.83  insns per cycle          ( +-  1.73% )
    10,803,480,261      branches                  # 1326.192 M/sec                    ( +-  1.95% )
       195,601,289      branch-misses             #    1.81% of all branches          ( +-  0.39% )

       8.828660235 seconds time elapsed                                          ( +-  0.38% )

Reviewed-by: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>

Signed-off-by: Emilio G. Cota <cota@braap.org>

Signed-off-by: Richard Henderson <richard.henderson@linaro.org>

---
 include/exec/exec-all.h   |   6 +-
 include/exec/tb-context.h |   4 +-
 accel/tcg/translate-all.c | 221 ++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
 3 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 112 deletions(-)

-- 
2.13.6

Patch

diff --git a/include/exec/exec-all.h b/include/exec/exec-all.h
index f14c6a56eb..e2d598082e 100644
--- a/include/exec/exec-all.h
+++ b/include/exec/exec-all.h
@@ -306,10 +306,14 @@  static inline void tb_invalidate_phys_addr(AddressSpace *as, hwaddr addr)
 
 /*
  * Translation Cache-related fields of a TB.
+ * This struct exists just for convenience; we keep track of TB's in a binary
+ * search tree, and the only fields needed to compare TB's in the tree are
+ * @ptr and @size.
+ * Note: the address of search data can be obtained by adding @size to @ptr.
  */
 struct tb_tc {
     void *ptr;    /* pointer to the translated code */
-    uint8_t *search;  /* pointer to search data */
+    size_t size;
 };
 
 struct TranslationBlock {
diff --git a/include/exec/tb-context.h b/include/exec/tb-context.h
index 25c2afe753..1fa8dcc737 100644
--- a/include/exec/tb-context.h
+++ b/include/exec/tb-context.h
@@ -31,10 +31,8 @@  typedef struct TBContext TBContext;
 
 struct TBContext {
 
-    TranslationBlock **tbs;
+    GTree *tb_tree;
     struct qht htable;
-    size_t tbs_size;
-    int nb_tbs;
     /* any access to the tbs or the page table must use this lock */
     QemuMutex tb_lock;
 
diff --git a/accel/tcg/translate-all.c b/accel/tcg/translate-all.c
index 9fa94340dd..678e5ab61e 100644
--- a/accel/tcg/translate-all.c
+++ b/accel/tcg/translate-all.c
@@ -270,8 +270,6 @@  static int encode_search(TranslationBlock *tb, uint8_t *block)
     uint8_t *p = block;
     int i, j, n;
 
-    tb->tc.search = block;
-
     for (i = 0, n = tb->icount; i < n; ++i) {
         target_ulong prev;
 
@@ -307,7 +305,7 @@  static int cpu_restore_state_from_tb(CPUState *cpu, TranslationBlock *tb,
     target_ulong data[TARGET_INSN_START_WORDS] = { tb->pc };
     uintptr_t host_pc = (uintptr_t)tb->tc.ptr;
     CPUArchState *env = cpu->env_ptr;
-    uint8_t *p = tb->tc.search;
+    uint8_t *p = tb->tc.ptr + tb->tc.size;
     int i, j, num_insns = tb->icount;
 #ifdef CONFIG_PROFILER
     int64_t ti = profile_getclock();
@@ -776,6 +774,48 @@  static inline void *alloc_code_gen_buffer(void)
 }
 #endif /* USE_STATIC_CODE_GEN_BUFFER, WIN32, POSIX */
 
+/* compare a pointer @ptr and a tb_tc @s */
+static int ptr_cmp_tb_tc(const void *ptr, const struct tb_tc *s)
+{
+    if (ptr >= s->ptr + s->size) {
+        return 1;
+    } else if (ptr < s->ptr) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static gint tb_tc_cmp(gconstpointer ap, gconstpointer bp)
+{
+    const struct tb_tc *a = ap;
+    const struct tb_tc *b = bp;
+
+    /*
+     * When both sizes are set, we know this isn't a lookup.
+     * This is the most likely case: every TB must be inserted; lookups
+     * are a lot less frequent.
+     */
+    if (likely(a->size && b->size)) {
+        if (a->ptr > b->ptr) {
+            return 1;
+        } else if (a->ptr < b->ptr) {
+            return -1;
+        }
+        /* a->ptr == b->ptr should happen only on deletions */
+        g_assert(a->size == b->size);
+        return 0;
+    }
+    /*
+     * All lookups have either .size field set to 0.
+     * From the glib sources we see that @ap is always the lookup key. However
+     * the docs provide no guarantee, so we just mark this case as likely.
+     */
+    if (likely(a->size == 0)) {
+        return ptr_cmp_tb_tc(a->ptr, b);
+    }
+    return ptr_cmp_tb_tc(b->ptr, a);
+}
+
 static inline void code_gen_alloc(size_t tb_size)
 {
     tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer_size = size_code_gen_buffer(tb_size);
@@ -784,15 +824,7 @@  static inline void code_gen_alloc(size_t tb_size)
         fprintf(stderr, "Could not allocate dynamic translator buffer\n");
         exit(1);
     }
-
-    /* size this conservatively -- realloc later if needed */
-    tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs_size =
-        tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer_size / CODE_GEN_AVG_BLOCK_SIZE / 8;
-    if (unlikely(!tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs_size)) {
-        tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs_size = 64 * 1024;
-    }
-    tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs = g_new(TranslationBlock *, tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs_size);
-
+    tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree = g_tree_new(tb_tc_cmp);
     qemu_mutex_init(&tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_lock);
 }
 
@@ -829,7 +861,6 @@  void tcg_exec_init(unsigned long tb_size)
 static TranslationBlock *tb_alloc(target_ulong pc)
 {
     TranslationBlock *tb;
-    TBContext *ctx;
 
     assert_tb_locked();
 
@@ -837,12 +868,6 @@  static TranslationBlock *tb_alloc(target_ulong pc)
     if (unlikely(tb == NULL)) {
         return NULL;
     }
-    ctx = &tcg_ctx.tb_ctx;
-    if (unlikely(ctx->nb_tbs == ctx->tbs_size)) {
-        ctx->tbs_size *= 2;
-        ctx->tbs = g_renew(TranslationBlock *, ctx->tbs, ctx->tbs_size);
-    }
-    ctx->tbs[ctx->nb_tbs++] = tb;
     return tb;
 }
 
@@ -851,16 +876,7 @@  void tb_free(TranslationBlock *tb)
 {
     assert_tb_locked();
 
-    /* In practice this is mostly used for single use temporary TB
-       Ignore the hard cases and just back up if this TB happens to
-       be the last one generated.  */
-    if (tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs > 0 &&
-            tb == tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs[tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs - 1]) {
-        size_t struct_size = ROUND_UP(sizeof(*tb), qemu_icache_linesize);
-
-        tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr = tb->tc.ptr - struct_size;
-        tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs--;
-    }
+    g_tree_remove(tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree, &tb->tc);
 }
 
 static inline void invalidate_page_bitmap(PageDesc *p)
@@ -918,11 +934,12 @@  static void do_tb_flush(CPUState *cpu, run_on_cpu_data tb_flush_count)
     }
 
     if (DEBUG_TB_FLUSH_GATE) {
-        printf("qemu: flush code_size=%td nb_tbs=%d avg_tb_size=%td\n",
-               tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr - tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer,
-               tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs, tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs > 0 ?
-               (tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr - tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer) /
-               tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs : 0);
+        size_t nb_tbs = g_tree_nnodes(tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree);
+
+        printf("qemu: flush code_size=%td nb_tbs=%zu avg_tb_size=%td\n",
+               tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr - tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer, nb_tbs,
+               nb_tbs > 0 ?
+               (tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr - tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer) / nb_tbs : 0);
     }
     if ((unsigned long)(tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr - tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer)
         > tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer_size) {
@@ -933,7 +950,10 @@  static void do_tb_flush(CPUState *cpu, run_on_cpu_data tb_flush_count)
         cpu_tb_jmp_cache_clear(cpu);
     }
 
-    tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs = 0;
+    /* Increment the refcount first so that destroy acts as a reset */
+    g_tree_ref(tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree);
+    g_tree_destroy(tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree);
+
     qht_reset_size(&tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.htable, CODE_GEN_HTABLE_SIZE);
     page_flush_tb();
 
@@ -1340,6 +1360,7 @@  TranslationBlock *tb_gen_code(CPUState *cpu,
     if (unlikely(search_size < 0)) {
         goto buffer_overflow;
     }
+    tb->tc.size = gen_code_size;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PROFILER
     tcg_ctx.code_time += profile_getclock() - ti;
@@ -1410,6 +1431,7 @@  TranslationBlock *tb_gen_code(CPUState *cpu,
      * through the physical hash table and physical page list.
      */
     tb_link_page(tb, phys_pc, phys_page2);
+    g_tree_insert(tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree, &tb->tc, tb);
     return tb;
 }
 
@@ -1672,37 +1694,16 @@  static bool tb_invalidate_phys_page(tb_page_addr_t addr, uintptr_t pc)
 }
 #endif
 
-/* find the TB 'tb' such that tb[0].tc_ptr <= tc_ptr <
-   tb[1].tc_ptr. Return NULL if not found */
+/*
+ * Find the TB 'tb' such that
+ * tb->tc.ptr <= tc_ptr < tb->tc.ptr + tb->tc.size
+ * Return NULL if not found.
+ */
 static TranslationBlock *tb_find_pc(uintptr_t tc_ptr)
 {
-    int m_min, m_max, m;
-    uintptr_t v;
-    TranslationBlock *tb;
+    struct tb_tc s = { .ptr = (void *)tc_ptr };
 
-    if (tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs <= 0) {
-        return NULL;
-    }
-    if (tc_ptr < (uintptr_t)tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer ||
-        tc_ptr >= (uintptr_t)tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr) {
-        return NULL;
-    }
-    /* binary search (cf Knuth) */
-    m_min = 0;
-    m_max = tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs - 1;
-    while (m_min <= m_max) {
-        m = (m_min + m_max) >> 1;
-        tb = tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs[m];
-        v = (uintptr_t)tb->tc.ptr;
-        if (v == tc_ptr) {
-            return tb;
-        } else if (tc_ptr < v) {
-            m_max = m - 1;
-        } else {
-            m_min = m + 1;
-        }
-    }
-    return tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs[m_max];
+    return g_tree_lookup(tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree, &s);
 }
 
 #if !defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
@@ -1880,63 +1881,67 @@  static void print_qht_statistics(FILE *f, fprintf_function cpu_fprintf,
     g_free(hgram);
 }
 
+struct tb_tree_stats {
+    size_t target_size;
+    size_t max_target_size;
+    size_t direct_jmp_count;
+    size_t direct_jmp2_count;
+    size_t cross_page;
+};
+
+static gboolean tb_tree_stats_iter(gpointer key, gpointer value, gpointer data)
+{
+    const TranslationBlock *tb = value;
+    struct tb_tree_stats *tst = data;
+
+    tst->target_size += tb->size;
+    if (tb->size > tst->max_target_size) {
+        tst->max_target_size = tb->size;
+    }
+    if (tb->page_addr[1] != -1) {
+        tst->cross_page++;
+    }
+    if (tb->jmp_reset_offset[0] != TB_JMP_RESET_OFFSET_INVALID) {
+        tst->direct_jmp_count++;
+        if (tb->jmp_reset_offset[1] != TB_JMP_RESET_OFFSET_INVALID) {
+            tst->direct_jmp2_count++;
+        }
+    }
+    return false;
+}
+
 void dump_exec_info(FILE *f, fprintf_function cpu_fprintf)
 {
-    int i, target_code_size, max_target_code_size;
-    int direct_jmp_count, direct_jmp2_count, cross_page;
-    TranslationBlock *tb;
+    struct tb_tree_stats tst = {};
     struct qht_stats hst;
+    size_t nb_tbs;
 
     tb_lock();
 
-    target_code_size = 0;
-    max_target_code_size = 0;
-    cross_page = 0;
-    direct_jmp_count = 0;
-    direct_jmp2_count = 0;
-    for (i = 0; i < tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs; i++) {
-        tb = tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tbs[i];
-        target_code_size += tb->size;
-        if (tb->size > max_target_code_size) {
-            max_target_code_size = tb->size;
-        }
-        if (tb->page_addr[1] != -1) {
-            cross_page++;
-        }
-        if (tb->jmp_reset_offset[0] != TB_JMP_RESET_OFFSET_INVALID) {
-            direct_jmp_count++;
-            if (tb->jmp_reset_offset[1] != TB_JMP_RESET_OFFSET_INVALID) {
-                direct_jmp2_count++;
-            }
-        }
-    }
+    nb_tbs = g_tree_nnodes(tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree);
+    g_tree_foreach(tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.tb_tree, tb_tree_stats_iter, &tst);
     /* XXX: avoid using doubles ? */
     cpu_fprintf(f, "Translation buffer state:\n");
     cpu_fprintf(f, "gen code size       %td/%zd\n",
                 tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr - tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer,
                 tcg_ctx.code_gen_highwater - tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer);
-    cpu_fprintf(f, "TB count            %d\n", tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs);
-    cpu_fprintf(f, "TB avg target size  %d max=%d bytes\n",
-            tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs ? target_code_size /
-                    tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs : 0,
-            max_target_code_size);
+    cpu_fprintf(f, "TB count            %zu\n", nb_tbs);
+    cpu_fprintf(f, "TB avg target size  %zu max=%zu bytes\n",
+                nb_tbs ? tst.target_size / nb_tbs : 0,
+                tst.max_target_size);
     cpu_fprintf(f, "TB avg host size    %td bytes (expansion ratio: %0.1f)\n",
-            tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs ? (tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr -
-                                     tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer) /
-                                     tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs : 0,
-                target_code_size ? (double) (tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr -
-                                             tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer) /
-                                             target_code_size : 0);
-    cpu_fprintf(f, "cross page TB count %d (%d%%)\n", cross_page,
-            tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs ? (cross_page * 100) /
-                                    tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs : 0);
-    cpu_fprintf(f, "direct jump count   %d (%d%%) (2 jumps=%d %d%%)\n",
-                direct_jmp_count,
-                tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs ? (direct_jmp_count * 100) /
-                        tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs : 0,
-                direct_jmp2_count,
-                tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs ? (direct_jmp2_count * 100) /
-                        tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.nb_tbs : 0);
+                nb_tbs ? (tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr -
+                          tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer) / nb_tbs : 0,
+                tst.target_size ? (double) (tcg_ctx.code_gen_ptr -
+                                            tcg_ctx.code_gen_buffer) /
+                                            tst.target_size : 0);
+    cpu_fprintf(f, "cross page TB count %zu (%zu%%)\n", tst.cross_page,
+            nb_tbs ? (tst.cross_page * 100) / nb_tbs : 0);
+    cpu_fprintf(f, "direct jump count   %zu (%zu%%) (2 jumps=%zu %zu%%)\n",
+                tst.direct_jmp_count,
+                nb_tbs ? (tst.direct_jmp_count * 100) / nb_tbs : 0,
+                tst.direct_jmp2_count,
+                nb_tbs ? (tst.direct_jmp2_count * 100) / nb_tbs : 0);
 
     qht_statistics_init(&tcg_ctx.tb_ctx.htable, &hst);
     print_qht_statistics(f, cpu_fprintf, hst);