[097/114] kasan: rework Kconfig settings

Message ID 20180206234141.isms9eLzF%akpm@linux-foundation.org
State New
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  • Untitled series #8722
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Commit Message

Andrew Morton Feb. 6, 2018, 11:41 p.m.
From: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

Subject: kasan: rework Kconfig settings

We get a lot of very large stack frames using gcc-7.0.1 with the default
-fsanitize-address-use-after-scope --param asan-stack=1 options, which can
easily cause an overflow of the kernel stack, e.g.

drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/handlers.c:2434:1: warning: the frame size of 46176 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes
drivers/net/wireless/ralink/rt2x00/rt2800lib.c:5650:1: warning: the frame size of 23632 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes
lib/atomic64_test.c:250:1: warning: the frame size of 11200 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/handlers.c:2621:1: warning: the frame size of 9208 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes
drivers/media/dvb-frontends/stv090x.c:3431:1: warning: the frame size of 6816 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes
fs/fscache/stats.c:287:1: warning: the frame size of 6536 bytes is larger than 3072 bytes

To reduce this risk, -fsanitize-address-use-after-scope is now split out
into a separate CONFIG_KASAN_EXTRA Kconfig option, leading to stack frames
that are smaller than 2 kilobytes most of the time on x86_64.  An earlier
version of this patch also prevented combining KASAN_EXTRA with
KASAN_INLINE, but that is no longer necessary with gcc-7.0.1.

All patches to get the frame size below 2048 bytes with CONFIG_KASAN=y and
CONFIG_KASAN_EXTRA=n have been merged by maintainers now, so we can bring
back that default now.  KASAN_EXTRA=y still causes lots of warnings but
now defaults to !COMPILE_TEST to disable it in allmodconfig, and it
remains disabled in all other defconfigs since it is a new option.  I
arbitrarily raise the warning limit for KASAN_EXTRA to 3072 to reduce the
noise, but an allmodconfig kernel still has around 50 warnings on gcc-7.

I experimented a bit more with smaller stack frames and have another
follow-up series that reduces the warning limit for 64-bit architectures
to 1280 bytes (without CONFIG_KASAN).

With earlier versions of this patch series, I also had patches to address
the warnings we get with KASAN and/or KASAN_EXTRA, using a
"noinline_if_stackbloat" annotation.  That annotation now got replaced
with a gcc-8 bugfix (see
https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=81715) and a workaround for
older compilers, which means that KASAN_EXTRA is now just as bad as before
and will lead to an instant stack overflow in a few extreme cases.

This reverts parts of commit commit 3f181b4 ("lib/Kconfig.debug: disable
-Wframe-larger-than warnings with KASAN=y").  Two patches in linux-next
should be merged first to avoid introducing warnings in an allmodconfig
build:
3cd890dbe2a4 ("media: dvb-frontends: fix i2c access helpers for KASAN")
16c3ada89cff ("media: r820t: fix r820t_write_reg for KASAN")


Do we really need to backport this?

I think we do: without this patch, enabling KASAN will lead to
unavoidable kernel stack overflow in certain device drivers when built
with gcc-7 or higher on linux-4.10+ or any version that contains a
backport of commit c5caf21ab0cf8.  Most people are probably still on
older compilers, but it will get worse over time as they upgrade their
distros.

The warnings we get on kernels older than this should all be for code
that uses dangerously large stack frames, though most of them do not
cause an actual stack overflow by themselves.The asan-stack option was
added in linux-4.0, and commit 3f181b4d8652 ("lib/Kconfig.debug:
disable -Wframe-larger-than warnings with KASAN=y") effectively turned
off the warning for allmodconfig kernels, so I would like to see this
fix backported to any kernels later than 4.0.

I have done dozens of fixes for individual functions with stack frames
larger than 2048 bytes with asan-stack, and I plan to make sure that
all those fixes make it into the stable kernels as well (most are
already there).

Part of the complication here is that asan-stack (from 4.0) was
originally assumed to always require much larger stacks, but that
turned out to be a combination of multiple gcc bugs that we have now
worked around and fixed, but sanitize-address-use-after-scope (from
v4.10) has a much higher inherent stack usage and also suffers from at
least three other problems that we have analyzed but not yet fixed
upstream, each of them makes the stack usage more severe than it should
be.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171221134744.2295529-1-arnd@arndb.de
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

Acked-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>

Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

---

 lib/Kconfig.debug      |    2 +-
 lib/Kconfig.kasan      |   11 +++++++++++
 scripts/Makefile.kasan |    2 ++
 3 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Patch

diff -puN lib/Kconfig.debug~kasan-rework-kconfig-settings lib/Kconfig.debug
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug~kasan-rework-kconfig-settings
+++ a/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@  config ENABLE_MUST_CHECK
 config FRAME_WARN
 	int "Warn for stack frames larger than (needs gcc 4.4)"
 	range 0 8192
-	default 0 if KASAN
+	default 3072 if KASAN_EXTRA
 	default 2048 if GCC_PLUGIN_LATENT_ENTROPY
 	default 1280 if (!64BIT && PARISC)
 	default 1024 if (!64BIT && !PARISC)
diff -puN lib/Kconfig.kasan~kasan-rework-kconfig-settings lib/Kconfig.kasan
--- a/lib/Kconfig.kasan~kasan-rework-kconfig-settings
+++ a/lib/Kconfig.kasan
@@ -20,6 +20,17 @@  config KASAN
 	  Currently CONFIG_KASAN doesn't work with CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB
 	  (the resulting kernel does not boot).
 
+config KASAN_EXTRA
+	bool "KAsan: extra checks"
+	depends on KASAN && DEBUG_KERNEL && !COMPILE_TEST
+	help
+	  This enables further checks in the kernel address sanitizer, for now
+	  it only includes the address-use-after-scope check that can lead
+	  to excessive kernel stack usage, frame size warnings and longer
+	  compile time.
+	  https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=81715 has more
+
+
 choice
 	prompt "Instrumentation type"
 	depends on KASAN
diff -puN scripts/Makefile.kasan~kasan-rework-kconfig-settings scripts/Makefile.kasan
--- a/scripts/Makefile.kasan~kasan-rework-kconfig-settings
+++ a/scripts/Makefile.kasan
@@ -38,7 +38,9 @@  else
 
 endif
 
+ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_EXTRA
 CFLAGS_KASAN += $(call cc-option, -fsanitize-address-use-after-scope)
+endif
 
 CFLAGS_KASAN_NOSANITIZE := -fno-builtin