[v2,8/8] doc: avb2.0: add README about AVB2.0 integration

Message ID 1528052203-29689-9-git-send-email-igor.opaniuk@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Initial integration of AVB2.0
Related show

Commit Message

Igor Opaniuk June 3, 2018, 6:56 p.m.
Contains:
1. Overview of Android Verified Boot 2.0
2. Description of avb subset of commands
3. Examples of errors when boot/vendor/system/vbmeta partitions
are tampered
4. Examples of enabling AVB2.0 on your setup

Signed-off-by: Igor Opaniuk <igor.opaniuk@linaro.org>
---
 doc/README.avb2 | 97 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 97 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 doc/README.avb2

Patch

diff --git a/doc/README.avb2 b/doc/README.avb2
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..67784b5
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+++ b/doc/README.avb2
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@ 
+Android Verified Boot 2.0
+
+This file contains information about the current support of Android Verified
+Boot 2.0 in U-boot
+
+1. OVERVIEW
+---------------------------------
+Verified Boot establishes a chain of trust from the bootloader to system images
+* Provides integrity checking for:
+  - Android Boot image: Linux kernel + ramdisk. RAW hashing of the whole
+    partition is done and the hash is compared with the one stored in
+    the VBMeta image
+  - system/vendor partitions: verifying root hash of dm-verity hashtrees.
+* Provides capabilities for rollback protection.
+
+Integrity of the bootloader (U-boot BLOB and environment) is out of scope.
+
+For additional details check:
+https://android.googlesource.com/platform/external/avb/+/master/README.md
+
+
+2. AVB 2.0 U-BOOT SHELL COMMANDS
+-----------------------------------
+Provides CLI interface to invoke AVB 2.0 verification + misc. commands for
+different testing purposes:
+
+avb init <dev> - initialize avb 2.0 for <dev>
+avb verify - run verification process using hash data from vbmeta structure
+avb read_rb <num> - read rollback index at location <num>
+avb write_rb <num> <rb> - write rollback index <rb> to <num>
+avb is_unlocked - returns unlock status of the device
+avb get_uuid <partname> - read and print uuid of partition <partname>
+avb read_part <partname> <offset> <num> <addr> - read <num> bytes from
+partition <partname> to buffer <addr>
+avb write_part <partname> <offset> <num> <addr> - write <num> bytes to
+<partname> by <offset> using data from <addr>
+
+
+3. PARTITIONS TAMPERING (EXAMPLE)
+-----------------------------------
+Boot or system/vendor (dm-verity metadata section) is tampered:
+=> avb init 1
+=> avb verify
+avb_slot_verify.c:175: ERROR: boot: Hash of data does not match digest in
+descriptor.
+Slot verification result: ERROR_IO
+
+Vbmeta partition is tampered:
+=> avb init 1
+=> avb verify
+avb_vbmeta_image.c:206: ERROR: Hash does not match!
+avb_slot_verify.c:388: ERROR: vbmeta: Error verifying vbmeta image:
+HASH_MISMATCH
+Slot verification result: ERROR_IO
+
+
+4. ENABLE ON YOUR BOARD
+-----------------------------------
+The following options must be enabled:
+CONFIG_LIBAVB=y
+CONFIG_CMD_AVB=y
+
+
+Then add `avb verify` invocation to your android boot sequence of commands,
+e.g.:
+
+=> avb_verify=avb init $mmcdev; avb verify;
+=> if run avb_verify; then                       \
+        echo AVB verification OK. Continue boot; \
+        set bootargs $bootargs $avb_bootargs;    \
+   else                                          \
+        echo AVB verification failed;            \
+        exit;                                    \
+   fi;                                           \
+
+=> emmc_android_boot=                                   \
+       echo Trying to boot Android from eMMC ...;       \
+       ...                                              \
+       run avb_verify;                                  \
+       mmc read ${fdtaddr} ${fdt_start} ${fdt_size};    \
+       mmc read ${loadaddr} ${boot_start} ${boot_size}; \
+       bootm $loadaddr $loadaddr $fdtaddr;              \
+
+
+To switch on automatic generation of vbmeta partition in AOSP build, add these
+lines to device configuration mk file:
+
+BOARD_AVB_ENABLE := true
+BOARD_AVB_ALGORITHM := SHA512_RSA4096
+BOARD_BOOTIMAGE_PARTITION_SIZE := <boot partition size>
+
+After flashing U-boot don't forget to update environment and write new
+partition table:
+=> env default -f -a
+=> setenv partitions $partitions_android
+=> env save
+=> gpt write mmc 1 $partitions_android