[v5,09/10] sandbox: Enhance map_to_sysmem() to handle foreign pointers

Message ID 20180622124418.52892-10-agraf@suse.de
State Accepted
Commit 428aa0ca56aef4ca7facb503c4dba2de127c6046
Headers show
Series
  • sandbox: efi_loader support
Related show

Commit Message

Alexander Graf June 22, 2018, 12:44 p.m.
From: Simon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>

At present map_sysmem() maps an address into the sandbox RAM buffer,
return a pointer, while map_to_sysmem() goes the other way.

The mapping is currently just 1:1 since a case was not found where a more
flexible mapping was needed. PCI does have a separate and more complex
mapping, but uses its own mechanism.

However this arrange cannot handle one important case, which is where a
test declares a stack variable and passes a pointer to it into a U-Boot
function which uses map_to_sysmem() to turn it into a address. Since the
pointer is not inside emulated DRAM, this will fail.

Add a mapping feature which can handle any such pointer, mapping it to a
simple tag value which can be passed around in U-Boot as an address.

Signed-off-by: Simon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>
---
 arch/sandbox/cpu/cpu.c           | 141 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 arch/sandbox/cpu/state.c         |   8 +++
 arch/sandbox/include/asm/state.h |  21 ++++++
 3 files changed, 161 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/arch/sandbox/cpu/cpu.c b/arch/sandbox/cpu/cpu.c
index e7d3c272a4..456cfa3faa 100644
--- a/arch/sandbox/cpu/cpu.c
+++ b/arch/sandbox/cpu/cpu.c
@@ -57,14 +57,104 @@  int cleanup_before_linux_select(int flags)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/**
+ * is_in_sandbox_mem() - Checks if a pointer is within sandbox's emulated DRAM
+ *
+ * This provides a way to check if a pointer is owned by sandbox (and is within
+ * its RAM) or not. Sometimes pointers come from a test which conceptually runs
+ * output sandbox, potentially with direct access to the C-library malloc()
+ * function, or the sandbox stack (which is not actually within the emulated
+ * DRAM.
+ *
+ * Such pointers obviously cannot be mapped into sandbox's DRAM, so we must
+ * detect them an process them separately, by recording a mapping to a tag,
+ * which we can use to map back to the pointer later.
+ *
+ * @ptr: Pointer to check
+ * @return true if this is within sandbox emulated DRAM, false if not
+ */
+static bool is_in_sandbox_mem(const void *ptr)
+{
+	return (const uint8_t *)ptr >= gd->arch.ram_buf &&
+		(const uint8_t *)ptr < gd->arch.ram_buf + gd->ram_size;
+}
+
+/**
+ * phys_to_virt() - Converts a sandbox RAM address to a pointer
+ *
+ * Sandbox uses U-Boot addresses from 0 to the size of DRAM. These index into
+ * the emulated DRAM buffer used by sandbox. This function converts such an
+ * address to a pointer into thi sbuffer, which can be used to access the
+ * memory.
+ *
+ * If the address is outside this range, it is assumed to be a tag
+ */
 void *phys_to_virt(phys_addr_t paddr)
 {
-	return (void *)(gd->arch.ram_buf + paddr);
+	struct sandbox_mapmem_entry *mentry;
+	struct sandbox_state *state;
+
+	/* If the address is within emulated DRAM, calculate the value */
+	if (paddr < gd->ram_size)
+		return (void *)(gd->arch.ram_buf + paddr);
+
+	/*
+	 * Otherwise search out list of tags for the correct pointer previously
+	 * created by map_to_sysmem()
+	 */
+	state = state_get_current();
+	list_for_each_entry(mentry, &state->mapmem_head, sibling_node) {
+		if (mentry->tag == paddr) {
+			printf("%s: Used map from %lx to %p\n", __func__,
+			       (ulong)paddr, mentry->ptr);
+			return mentry->ptr;
+		}
+	}
+
+	printf("%s: Cannot map sandbox address %lx (SDRAM from 0 to %lx)\n",
+	       __func__, (ulong)paddr, (ulong)gd->ram_size);
+	os_abort();
+
+	/* Not reached */
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+struct sandbox_mapmem_entry *find_tag(const void *ptr)
+{
+	struct sandbox_mapmem_entry *mentry;
+	struct sandbox_state *state = state_get_current();
+
+	list_for_each_entry(mentry, &state->mapmem_head, sibling_node) {
+		if (mentry->ptr == ptr) {
+			debug("%s: Used map from %p to %lx\n", __func__, ptr,
+			      mentry->tag);
+			return mentry;
+		}
+	}
+	return NULL;
 }
 
-phys_addr_t virt_to_phys(void *vaddr)
+phys_addr_t virt_to_phys(void *ptr)
 {
-	return (phys_addr_t)((uint8_t *)vaddr - gd->arch.ram_buf);
+	struct sandbox_mapmem_entry *mentry;
+
+	/*
+	 * If it is in emulated RAM, don't bother looking for a tag. Just
+	 * calculate the pointer using the provides offset into the RAM buffer.
+	 */
+	if (is_in_sandbox_mem(ptr))
+		return (phys_addr_t)((uint8_t *)ptr - gd->arch.ram_buf);
+
+	mentry = find_tag(ptr);
+	if (!mentry) {
+		/* Abort so that gdb can be used here */
+		printf("%s: Cannot map sandbox address %p (SDRAM from 0 to %lx)\n",
+		       __func__, ptr, (ulong)gd->ram_size);
+		os_abort();
+	}
+	printf("%s: Used map from %p to %lx\n", __func__, ptr, mentry->tag);
+
+	return mentry->tag;
 }
 
 void *map_physmem(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags)
@@ -87,24 +177,57 @@  void *map_physmem(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags)
 	return phys_to_virt(paddr);
 }
 
-void unmap_physmem(const void *vaddr, unsigned long flags)
+void unmap_physmem(const void *ptr, unsigned long flags)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_PCI
 	if (map_dev) {
-		pci_unmap_physmem(vaddr, map_len, map_dev);
+		pci_unmap_physmem(ptr, map_len, map_dev);
 		map_dev = NULL;
 	}
 #endif
 }
 
-void sandbox_set_enable_pci_map(int enable)
+phys_addr_t map_to_sysmem(const void *ptr)
 {
-	enable_pci_map = enable;
+	struct sandbox_mapmem_entry *mentry;
+
+	/*
+	 * If it is in emulated RAM, don't bother creating a tag. Just return
+	 * the offset into the RAM buffer.
+	 */
+	if (is_in_sandbox_mem(ptr))
+		return (u8 *)ptr - gd->arch.ram_buf;
+
+	/*
+	 * See if there is an existing tag with this pointer. If not, set up a
+	 * new one.
+	 */
+	mentry = find_tag(ptr);
+	if (!mentry) {
+		struct sandbox_state *state = state_get_current();
+
+		mentry = malloc(sizeof(*mentry));
+		if (!mentry) {
+			printf("%s: Error: Out of memory\n", __func__);
+			os_exit(ENOMEM);
+		}
+		mentry->tag = state->next_tag++;
+		mentry->ptr = (void *)ptr;
+		list_add_tail(&mentry->sibling_node, &state->mapmem_head);
+		debug("%s: Added map from %p to %lx\n", __func__, ptr,
+		      (ulong)mentry->tag);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Return the tag as the address to use. A later call to map_sysmem()
+	 * will return ptr
+	 */
+	return mentry->tag;
 }
 
-phys_addr_t map_to_sysmem(const void *ptr)
+void sandbox_set_enable_pci_map(int enable)
 {
-	return (u8 *)ptr - gd->arch.ram_buf;
+	enable_pci_map = enable;
 }
 
 void flush_dcache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long stop)
diff --git a/arch/sandbox/cpu/state.c b/arch/sandbox/cpu/state.c
index cc50819ab9..04a11fed55 100644
--- a/arch/sandbox/cpu/state.c
+++ b/arch/sandbox/cpu/state.c
@@ -359,6 +359,14 @@  void state_reset_for_test(struct sandbox_state *state)
 
 	memset(&state->wdt, '\0', sizeof(state->wdt));
 	memset(state->spi, '\0', sizeof(state->spi));
+
+	/*
+	 * Set up the memory tag list. Use the top of emulated SDRAM for the
+	 * first tag number, since that address offset is outside the legal
+	 * range, and can be assumed to be a tag.
+	 */
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&state->mapmem_head);
+	state->next_tag = state->ram_size;
 }
 
 int state_init(void)
diff --git a/arch/sandbox/include/asm/state.h b/arch/sandbox/include/asm/state.h
index 7ed4b512d2..a612ce8944 100644
--- a/arch/sandbox/include/asm/state.h
+++ b/arch/sandbox/include/asm/state.h
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ 
 #include <config.h>
 #include <sysreset.h>
 #include <stdbool.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
 #include <linux/stringify.h>
 
 /**
@@ -45,6 +46,23 @@  struct sandbox_wdt_info {
 	bool running;
 };
 
+/**
+ * struct sandbox_mapmem_entry - maps pointers to/from U-Boot addresses
+ *
+ * When map_to_sysmem() is called with an address outside sandbox's emulated
+ * RAM, a record is created with a tag that can be used to reference that
+ * pointer. When map_sysmem() is called later with that tag, the pointer will
+ * be returned, just as it would for a normal sandbox address.
+ *
+ * @tag: Address tag (a value which U-Boot uses to refer to the address)
+ * @ptr: Associated pointer for that tag
+ */
+struct sandbox_mapmem_entry {
+	ulong tag;
+	void *ptr;
+	struct list_head sibling_node;
+};
+
 /* The complete state of the test system */
 struct sandbox_state {
 	const char *cmd;		/* Command to execute */
@@ -78,6 +96,9 @@  struct sandbox_state {
 
 	/* Information about Watchdog */
 	struct sandbox_wdt_info wdt;
+
+	ulong next_tag;			/* Next address tag to allocate */
+	struct list_head mapmem_head;	/* struct sandbox_mapmem_entry */
 };
 
 /* Minimum space we guarantee in the state FDT when calling read/write*/