[4/7] fence: dma-buf cross-device synchronization (v11)

Message ID 1358253244-11453-5-git-send-email-maarten.lankhorst@canonical.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Maarten Lankhorst Jan. 15, 2013, 12:34 p.m.
A fence can be attached to a buffer which is being filled or consumed
by hw, to allow userspace to pass the buffer without waiting to another
device.  For example, userspace can call page_flip ioctl to display the
next frame of graphics after kicking the GPU but while the GPU is still
rendering.  The display device sharing the buffer with the GPU would
attach a callback to get notified when the GPU's rendering-complete IRQ
fires, to update the scan-out address of the display, without having to
wake up userspace.

A driver must allocate a fence context for each execution ring that can
run in parallel. The function for this takes an argument with how many
contexts to allocate:
  + fence_context_alloc()

A fence is transient, one-shot deal.  It is allocated and attached
to one or more dma-buf's.  When the one that attached it is done, with
the pending operation, it can signal the fence:
  + fence_signal()

To have a rough approximation whether a fence is fired, call:
  + fence_is_signaled()

The dma-buf-mgr handles tracking, and waiting on, the fences associated
with a dma-buf.

The one pending on the fence can add an async callback:
  + fence_add_callback()

The callback can optionally be cancelled with:
  + fence_remove_callback()

To wait synchronously, optionally with a timeout:
  + fence_wait()
  + fence_wait_timeout()

A default software-only implementation is provided, which can be used
by drivers attaching a fence to a buffer when they have no other means
for hw sync.  But a memory backed fence is also envisioned, because it
is common that GPU's can write to, or poll on some memory location for
synchronization.  For example:

  fence = custom_get_fence(...);
  if ((seqno_fence = to_seqno_fence(fence)) != NULL) {
    dma_buf *fence_buf = fence->sync_buf;
    get_dma_buf(fence_buf);

    ... tell the hw the memory location to wait ...
    custom_wait_on(fence_buf, fence->seqno_ofs, fence->seqno);
  } else {
    /* fall-back to sw sync * /
    fence_add_callback(fence, my_cb);
  }

On SoC platforms, if some other hw mechanism is provided for synchronizing
between IP blocks, it could be supported as an alternate implementation
with it's own fence ops in a similar way.

enable_signaling callback is used to provide sw signaling in case a cpu
waiter is requested or no compatible hardware signaling could be used.

The intention is to provide a userspace interface (presumably via eventfd)
later, to be used in conjunction with dma-buf's mmap support for sw access
to buffers (or for userspace apps that would prefer to do their own
synchronization).

v1: Original
v2: After discussion w/ danvet and mlankhorst on #dri-devel, we decided
    that dma-fence didn't need to care about the sw->hw signaling path
    (it can be handled same as sw->sw case), and therefore the fence->ops
    can be simplified and more handled in the core.  So remove the signal,
    add_callback, cancel_callback, and wait ops, and replace with a simple
    enable_signaling() op which can be used to inform a fence supporting
    hw->hw signaling that one or more devices which do not support hw
    signaling are waiting (and therefore it should enable an irq or do
    whatever is necessary in order that the CPU is notified when the
    fence is passed).
v3: Fix locking fail in attach_fence() and get_fence()
v4: Remove tie-in w/ dma-buf..  after discussion w/ danvet and mlankorst
    we decided that we need to be able to attach one fence to N dma-buf's,
    so using the list_head in dma-fence struct would be problematic.
v5: [ Maarten Lankhorst ] Updated for dma-bikeshed-fence and dma-buf-manager.
v6: [ Maarten Lankhorst ] I removed dma_fence_cancel_callback and some comments
    about checking if fence fired or not. This is broken by design.
    waitqueue_active during destruction is now fatal, since the signaller
    should be holding a reference in enable_signalling until it signalled
    the fence. Pass the original dma_fence_cb along, and call __remove_wait
    in the dma_fence_callback handler, so that no cleanup needs to be
    performed.
v7: [ Maarten Lankhorst ] Set cb->func and only enable sw signaling if
    fence wasn't signaled yet, for example for hardware fences that may
    choose to signal blindly.
v8: [ Maarten Lankhorst ] Tons of tiny fixes, moved __dma_fence_init to
    header and fixed include mess. dma-fence.h now includes dma-buf.h
    All members are now initialized, so kmalloc can be used for
    allocating a dma-fence. More documentation added.
v9: Change compiler bitfields to flags, change return type of
    enable_signaling to bool. Rework dma_fence_wait. Added
    dma_fence_is_signaled and dma_fence_wait_timeout.
    s/dma// and change exports to non GPL. Added fence_is_signaled and
    fence_enable_sw_signaling calls, add ability to override default
    wait operation.
v10: remove event_queue, use a custom list, export try_to_wake_up from
    scheduler. Remove fence lock and use a global spinlock instead,
    this should hopefully remove all the locking headaches I was having
    on trying to implement this. enable_signaling is called with this
    lock held.
v11:
    Use atomic ops for flags, lifting the need for some spin_lock_irqsaves.
    However I kept the guarantee that after fence_signal returns, it is
    guaranteed that enable_signaling has either been called to completion,
    or will not be called any more.

    Add contexts and seqno to base fence implementation. This allows you
    to wait for less fences, by testing for seqno + signaled, and then only
    wait on the later fence.

    Add FENCE_TRACE, FENCE_WARN, and FENCE_ERR. This makes debugging easier.
    An CONFIG_DEBUG_FENCE will be added to turn off the FENCE_TRACE
    spam, and another runtime option can turn it off at runtime.

Signed-off-by: Maarten Lankhorst <maarten.lankhorst@canonical.com>
---
 Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl |   2 +
 drivers/base/Makefile                     |   2 +-
 drivers/base/fence.c                      | 286 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/fence.h                     | 347 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 636 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/base/fence.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/fence.h

Comments

Francesco Lavra Jan. 22, 2013, 3:13 p.m. | #1
Hi,

On 01/15/2013 01:34 PM, Maarten Lankhorst wrote:
[...]
> diff --git a/include/linux/fence.h b/include/linux/fence.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..d9f091d
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/fence.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,347 @@
> +/*
> + * Fence mechanism for dma-buf to allow for asynchronous dma access
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2012 Canonical Ltd
> + * Copyright (C) 2012 Texas Instruments
> + *
> + * Authors:
> + * Rob Clark <rob.clark@linaro.org>
> + * Maarten Lankhorst <maarten.lankhorst@canonical.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
> + * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
> + * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
> + * more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
> + * this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef __LINUX_FENCE_H
> +#define __LINUX_FENCE_H
> +
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/bitops.h>
> +#include <linux/kref.h>
> +#include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/printk.h>
> +
> +struct fence;
> +struct fence_ops;
> +struct fence_cb;
> +
> +/**
> + * struct fence - software synchronization primitive
> + * @refcount: refcount for this fence
> + * @ops: fence_ops associated with this fence
> + * @cb_list: list of all callbacks to call
> + * @lock: spin_lock_irqsave used for locking
> + * @priv: fence specific private data
> + * @flags: A mask of FENCE_FLAG_* defined below
> + *
> + * the flags member must be manipulated and read using the appropriate
> + * atomic ops (bit_*), so taking the spinlock will not be needed most
> + * of the time.
> + *
> + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT - fence is already signaled
> + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT - enable_signaling might have been called*
> + * FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS - start of the unused bits, can be used by the
> + * implementer of the fence for its own purposes. Can be used in different
> + * ways by different fence implementers, so do not rely on this.
> + *
> + * *) Since atomic bitops are used, this is not guaranteed to be the case.
> + * Particularly, if the bit was set, but fence_signal was called right
> + * before this bit was set, it would have been able to set the
> + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, before enable_signaling was called.
> + * Adding a check for FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT after setting
> + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT closes this race, and makes sure that
> + * after fence_signal was called, any enable_signaling call will have either
> + * been completed, or never called at all.
> + */
> +struct fence {
> +	struct kref refcount;
> +	const struct fence_ops *ops;
> +	struct list_head cb_list;
> +	spinlock_t *lock;
> +	unsigned context, seqno;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +};

The documentation above should be updated with the new structure members
context and seqno.

> +
> +enum fence_flag_bits {
> +	FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT,
> +	FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT,
> +	FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS, /* must always be last member */
> +};
> +
> +typedef void (*fence_func_t)(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb, void *priv);
> +
> +/**
> + * struct fence_cb - callback for fence_add_callback
> + * @func: fence_func_t to call
> + * @priv: value of priv to pass to function
> + *
> + * This struct will be initialized by fence_add_callback, additional
> + * data can be passed along by embedding fence_cb in another struct.
> + */
> +struct fence_cb {
> +	struct list_head node;
> +	fence_func_t func;
> +	void *priv;
> +};

Documentation should be updated here too.

> +
> +/**
> + * struct fence_ops - operations implemented for fence
> + * @enable_signaling: enable software signaling of fence
> + * @signaled: [optional] peek whether the fence is signaled
> + * @release: [optional] called on destruction of fence
> + *
> + * Notes on enable_signaling:
> + * For fence implementations that have the capability for hw->hw
> + * signaling, they can implement this op to enable the necessary
> + * irqs, or insert commands into cmdstream, etc.  This is called
> + * in the first wait() or add_callback() path to let the fence
> + * implementation know that there is another driver waiting on
> + * the signal (ie. hw->sw case).
> + *
> + * This function can be called called from atomic context, but not
> + * from irq context, so normal spinlocks can be used.
> + *
> + * A return value of false indicates the fence already passed,
> + * or some failure occured that made it impossible to enable
> + * signaling. True indicates succesful enabling.
> + *
> + * Calling fence_signal before enable_signaling is called allows
> + * for a tiny race window in which enable_signaling is called during,
> + * before, or after fence_signal. To fight this, it is recommended
> + * that before enable_signaling returns true an extra reference is
> + * taken on the fence, to be released when the fence is signaled.
> + * This will mean fence_signal will still be called twice, but
> + * the second time will be a noop since it was already signaled.
> + *
> + * Notes on release:
> + * Can be NULL, this function allows additional commands to run on
> + * destruction of the fence. Can be called from irq context.
> + * If pointer is set to NULL, kfree will get called instead.
> + */
> +
> +struct fence_ops {
> +	bool (*enable_signaling)(struct fence *fence);
> +	bool (*signaled)(struct fence *fence);
> +	long (*wait)(struct fence *fence, bool intr, signed long);
> +	void (*release)(struct fence *fence);
> +};

Ditto.

> +
> +/**
> + * __fence_init - Initialize a custom fence.
> + * @fence:	[in]	the fence to initialize
> + * @ops:	[in]	the fence_ops for operations on this fence
> + * @lock:	[in]	the irqsafe spinlock to use for locking this fence
> + * @context:	[in]	the execution context this fence is run on
> + * @seqno:	[in]	a linear increasing sequence number for this context
> + *
> + * Initializes an allocated fence, the caller doesn't have to keep its
> + * refcount after committing with this fence, but it will need to hold a
> + * refcount again if fence_ops.enable_signaling gets called. This can
> + * be used for other implementing other types of fence.
> + *
> + * context and seqno are used for easy comparison between fences, allowing
> + * to check which fence is later by simply using fence_later.
> + */
> +static inline void
> +__fence_init(struct fence *fence, const struct fence_ops *ops,
> +	     spinlock_t *lock, unsigned context, unsigned seqno)
> +{
> +	BUG_ON(!ops || !lock || !ops->enable_signaling || !ops->wait);
> +
> +	kref_init(&fence->refcount);
> +	fence->ops = ops;
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fence->cb_list);
> +	fence->lock = lock;
> +	fence->context = context;
> +	fence->seqno = seqno;
> +	fence->flags = 0UL;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * fence_get - increases refcount of the fence
> + * @fence:	[in]	fence to increase refcount of
> + */
> +static inline void fence_get(struct fence *fence)
> +{
> +	if (WARN_ON(!fence))
> +		return;
> +	kref_get(&fence->refcount);
> +}
> +
> +extern void release_fence(struct kref *kref);
> +
> +/**
> + * fence_put - decreases refcount of the fence
> + * @fence:	[in]	fence to reduce refcount of
> + */
> +static inline void fence_put(struct fence *fence)
> +{
> +	if (WARN_ON(!fence))
> +		return;
> +	kref_put(&fence->refcount, release_fence);
> +}
> +
> +int fence_signal(struct fence *fence);
> +int __fence_signal(struct fence *fence);
> +long fence_default_wait(struct fence *fence, bool intr, signed long);

In the parameter list the first two parameters are named, and the last
one isn't. Feels a bit odd...

> +int fence_add_callback(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb,
> +		       fence_func_t func, void *priv);
> +bool fence_remove_callback(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb);
> +void fence_enable_sw_signaling(struct fence *fence);
> +
> +/**
> + * fence_is_signaled - Return an indication if the fence is signaled yet.
> + * @fence:	[in]	the fence to check
> + *
> + * Returns true if the fence was already signaled, false if not. Since this
> + * function doesn't enable signaling, it is not guaranteed to ever return true
> + * If fence_add_callback, fence_wait or fence_enable_sw_signaling
> + * haven't been called before.
> + *
> + * It's recommended for seqno fences to call fence_signal when the
> + * operation is complete, it makes it possible to prevent issues from
> + * wraparound between time of issue and time of use by checking the return
> + * value of this function before calling hardware-specific wait instructions.
> + */
> +static inline bool
> +fence_is_signaled(struct fence *fence)
> +{
> +	if (test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags))
> +		return true;
> +
> +	if (fence->ops->signaled && fence->ops->signaled(fence)) {
> +		fence_signal(fence);
> +		return true;
> +	}
> +
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * fence_later - return the chronologically later fence
> + * @f1:	[in]	the first fence from the same context
> + * @f2:	[in]	the second fence from the same context
> + *
> + * Returns NULL if both fences are signaled, otherwise the fence that would be
> + * signaled last. Both fences must be from the same context, since a seqno is
> + * not re-used across contexts.
> + */
> +static inline struct fence *fence_later(struct fence *f1, struct fence *f2)
> +{
> +	bool sig1, sig2;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * can't check just FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT here, it may never have been
> +	 * set called if enable_signaling wasn't, and enabling that here is
> +	 * overkill.
> +	 */
> +	sig1 = fence_is_signaled(f1);
> +	sig2 = fence_is_signaled(f2);
> +
> +	if (sig1 && sig2)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	BUG_ON(f1->context != f2->context);
> +
> +	if (sig1 || f2->seqno - f2->seqno <= INT_MAX)

I guess you meant (f2->seqno - f1->seqno).

> +		return f2;
> +	else
> +		return f1;
> +}

Regards,
Francesco
Inki Dae Jan. 31, 2013, 9:32 a.m. | #2
Hi,

below is my opinion.

> +struct fence;
> +struct fence_ops;
> +struct fence_cb;
> +
> +/**
> + * struct fence - software synchronization primitive
> + * @refcount: refcount for this fence
> + * @ops: fence_ops associated with this fence
> + * @cb_list: list of all callbacks to call
> + * @lock: spin_lock_irqsave used for locking
> + * @priv: fence specific private data
> + * @flags: A mask of FENCE_FLAG_* defined below
> + *
> + * the flags member must be manipulated and read using the appropriate
> + * atomic ops (bit_*), so taking the spinlock will not be needed most
> + * of the time.
> + *
> + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT - fence is already signaled
> + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT - enable_signaling might have been called*
> + * FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS - start of the unused bits, can be used by the
> + * implementer of the fence for its own purposes. Can be used in different
> + * ways by different fence implementers, so do not rely on this.
> + *
> + * *) Since atomic bitops are used, this is not guaranteed to be the case.
> + * Particularly, if the bit was set, but fence_signal was called right
> + * before this bit was set, it would have been able to set the
> + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, before enable_signaling was called.
> + * Adding a check for FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT after setting
> + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT closes this race, and makes sure that
> + * after fence_signal was called, any enable_signaling call will have either
> + * been completed, or never called at all.
> + */
> +struct fence {
> +       struct kref refcount;
> +       const struct fence_ops *ops;
> +       struct list_head cb_list;
> +       spinlock_t *lock;
> +       unsigned context, seqno;
> +       unsigned long flags;
> +};
> +
> +enum fence_flag_bits {
> +       FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT,
> +       FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT,
> +       FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS, /* must always be last member */
> +};
> +

It seems like that this fence framework need to add read/write flags.
In case of two read operations, one might wait for another one. But
the another is just read operation so we doesn't need to wait for it.
Shouldn't fence-wait-request be ignored? In this case, I think it's
enough to consider just only write operation.

For this, you could add the following,

enum fence_flag_bits {
        ...
        FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_READ_BIT,
        FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT,
        ...
};

And the producer could call fence_init() like below,
__fence_init(..., FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT,...);

With this, fence->flags has FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT as write
operation and then other sides(read or write operation) would wait for
the write operation completion.
And also consumer calls that function with FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_READ_BIT
so that other consumers could ignore the fence-wait to any read
operations.

Thanks,
Inki Dae
Maarten Lankhorst Jan. 31, 2013, 9:53 a.m. | #3
Op 31-01-13 10:32, Inki Dae schreef:
> Hi,
>
> below is my opinion.
>
>> +struct fence;
>> +struct fence_ops;
>> +struct fence_cb;
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * struct fence - software synchronization primitive
>> + * @refcount: refcount for this fence
>> + * @ops: fence_ops associated with this fence
>> + * @cb_list: list of all callbacks to call
>> + * @lock: spin_lock_irqsave used for locking
>> + * @priv: fence specific private data
>> + * @flags: A mask of FENCE_FLAG_* defined below
>> + *
>> + * the flags member must be manipulated and read using the appropriate
>> + * atomic ops (bit_*), so taking the spinlock will not be needed most
>> + * of the time.
>> + *
>> + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT - fence is already signaled
>> + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT - enable_signaling might have been called*
>> + * FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS - start of the unused bits, can be used by the
>> + * implementer of the fence for its own purposes. Can be used in different
>> + * ways by different fence implementers, so do not rely on this.
>> + *
>> + * *) Since atomic bitops are used, this is not guaranteed to be the case.
>> + * Particularly, if the bit was set, but fence_signal was called right
>> + * before this bit was set, it would have been able to set the
>> + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, before enable_signaling was called.
>> + * Adding a check for FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT after setting
>> + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT closes this race, and makes sure that
>> + * after fence_signal was called, any enable_signaling call will have either
>> + * been completed, or never called at all.
>> + */
>> +struct fence {
>> +       struct kref refcount;
>> +       const struct fence_ops *ops;
>> +       struct list_head cb_list;
>> +       spinlock_t *lock;
>> +       unsigned context, seqno;
>> +       unsigned long flags;
>> +};
>> +
>> +enum fence_flag_bits {
>> +       FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT,
>> +       FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT,
>> +       FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS, /* must always be last member */
>> +};
>> +
> It seems like that this fence framework need to add read/write flags.
> In case of two read operations, one might wait for another one. But
> the another is just read operation so we doesn't need to wait for it.
> Shouldn't fence-wait-request be ignored? In this case, I think it's
> enough to consider just only write operation.
>
> For this, you could add the following,
>
> enum fence_flag_bits {
>         ...
>         FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_READ_BIT,
>         FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT,
>         ...
> };
>
> And the producer could call fence_init() like below,
> __fence_init(..., FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT,...);
>
> With this, fence->flags has FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT as write
> operation and then other sides(read or write operation) would wait for
> the write operation completion.
> And also consumer calls that function with FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_READ_BIT
> so that other consumers could ignore the fence-wait to any read
> operations.
>
You can't put that information in the fence. If you use a fence to fence off a hardware memcpy operation,
there would be one buffer for which you would attach the fence in read mode and another buffer where you need
write access.

~Maarten
Daniel Vetter Jan. 31, 2013, 9:57 a.m. | #4
On Thu, Jan 31, 2013 at 06:32:15PM +0900, Inki Dae wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> below is my opinion.
> 
> > +struct fence;
> > +struct fence_ops;
> > +struct fence_cb;
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * struct fence - software synchronization primitive
> > + * @refcount: refcount for this fence
> > + * @ops: fence_ops associated with this fence
> > + * @cb_list: list of all callbacks to call
> > + * @lock: spin_lock_irqsave used for locking
> > + * @priv: fence specific private data
> > + * @flags: A mask of FENCE_FLAG_* defined below
> > + *
> > + * the flags member must be manipulated and read using the appropriate
> > + * atomic ops (bit_*), so taking the spinlock will not be needed most
> > + * of the time.
> > + *
> > + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT - fence is already signaled
> > + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT - enable_signaling might have been called*
> > + * FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS - start of the unused bits, can be used by the
> > + * implementer of the fence for its own purposes. Can be used in different
> > + * ways by different fence implementers, so do not rely on this.
> > + *
> > + * *) Since atomic bitops are used, this is not guaranteed to be the case.
> > + * Particularly, if the bit was set, but fence_signal was called right
> > + * before this bit was set, it would have been able to set the
> > + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, before enable_signaling was called.
> > + * Adding a check for FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT after setting
> > + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT closes this race, and makes sure that
> > + * after fence_signal was called, any enable_signaling call will have either
> > + * been completed, or never called at all.
> > + */
> > +struct fence {
> > +       struct kref refcount;
> > +       const struct fence_ops *ops;
> > +       struct list_head cb_list;
> > +       spinlock_t *lock;
> > +       unsigned context, seqno;
> > +       unsigned long flags;
> > +};
> > +
> > +enum fence_flag_bits {
> > +       FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT,
> > +       FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT,
> > +       FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS, /* must always be last member */
> > +};
> > +
> 
> It seems like that this fence framework need to add read/write flags.
> In case of two read operations, one might wait for another one. But
> the another is just read operation so we doesn't need to wait for it.
> Shouldn't fence-wait-request be ignored? In this case, I think it's
> enough to consider just only write operation.
> 
> For this, you could add the following,
> 
> enum fence_flag_bits {
>         ...
>         FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_READ_BIT,
>         FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT,
>         ...
> };
> 
> And the producer could call fence_init() like below,
> __fence_init(..., FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT,...);
> 
> With this, fence->flags has FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT as write
> operation and then other sides(read or write operation) would wait for
> the write operation completion.
> And also consumer calls that function with FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_READ_BIT
> so that other consumers could ignore the fence-wait to any read
> operations.

Fences here match more to the sync-points concept from the android stuff.
The idea is that they only signal when a hw operation completes.

Synchronization integration happens at the dma_buf level, where you can
specify whether the new operation you're doing is exclusive (which means
that you need to wait for all previous operations to complete), i.e. a
write. Or whether the operation is non-excluses (i.e. just reading) in
which case you only need to wait for any still outstanding exclusive
fences attached to the dma_buf. But you _can_ attach more than one
non-exclusive fence to a dma_buf at the same time, and so e.g. read a
buffer objects from different engines concurrently.

There's been some talk whether we also need a non-exclusive write
attachment (i.e. allow multiple concurrent writers), but I don't yet fully
understand the use-case.

In short the proposed patches can do what you want to do, it's just that
read/write access isn't part of the fences, but how you attach fences to
dma_bufs.

Cheers, Daniel
Inki Dae Jan. 31, 2013, 2:38 p.m. | #5
2013/1/31 Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch>:
> On Thu, Jan 31, 2013 at 06:32:15PM +0900, Inki Dae wrote:
>> Hi,
>>
>> below is my opinion.
>>
>> > +struct fence;
>> > +struct fence_ops;
>> > +struct fence_cb;
>> > +
>> > +/**
>> > + * struct fence - software synchronization primitive
>> > + * @refcount: refcount for this fence
>> > + * @ops: fence_ops associated with this fence
>> > + * @cb_list: list of all callbacks to call
>> > + * @lock: spin_lock_irqsave used for locking
>> > + * @priv: fence specific private data
>> > + * @flags: A mask of FENCE_FLAG_* defined below
>> > + *
>> > + * the flags member must be manipulated and read using the appropriate
>> > + * atomic ops (bit_*), so taking the spinlock will not be needed most
>> > + * of the time.
>> > + *
>> > + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT - fence is already signaled
>> > + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT - enable_signaling might have been called*
>> > + * FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS - start of the unused bits, can be used by the
>> > + * implementer of the fence for its own purposes. Can be used in different
>> > + * ways by different fence implementers, so do not rely on this.
>> > + *
>> > + * *) Since atomic bitops are used, this is not guaranteed to be the case.
>> > + * Particularly, if the bit was set, but fence_signal was called right
>> > + * before this bit was set, it would have been able to set the
>> > + * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, before enable_signaling was called.
>> > + * Adding a check for FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT after setting
>> > + * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT closes this race, and makes sure that
>> > + * after fence_signal was called, any enable_signaling call will have either
>> > + * been completed, or never called at all.
>> > + */
>> > +struct fence {
>> > +       struct kref refcount;
>> > +       const struct fence_ops *ops;
>> > +       struct list_head cb_list;
>> > +       spinlock_t *lock;
>> > +       unsigned context, seqno;
>> > +       unsigned long flags;
>> > +};
>> > +
>> > +enum fence_flag_bits {
>> > +       FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT,
>> > +       FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT,
>> > +       FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS, /* must always be last member */
>> > +};
>> > +
>>
>> It seems like that this fence framework need to add read/write flags.
>> In case of two read operations, one might wait for another one. But
>> the another is just read operation so we doesn't need to wait for it.
>> Shouldn't fence-wait-request be ignored? In this case, I think it's
>> enough to consider just only write operation.
>>
>> For this, you could add the following,
>>
>> enum fence_flag_bits {
>>         ...
>>         FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_READ_BIT,
>>         FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT,
>>         ...
>> };
>>
>> And the producer could call fence_init() like below,
>> __fence_init(..., FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT,...);
>>
>> With this, fence->flags has FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_WRITE_BIT as write
>> operation and then other sides(read or write operation) would wait for
>> the write operation completion.
>> And also consumer calls that function with FENCE_FLAG_ACCESS_READ_BIT
>> so that other consumers could ignore the fence-wait to any read
>> operations.
>
> Fences here match more to the sync-points concept from the android stuff.
> The idea is that they only signal when a hw operation completes.
>
> Synchronization integration happens at the dma_buf level, where you can
> specify whether the new operation you're doing is exclusive (which means
> that you need to wait for all previous operations to complete), i.e. a
> write. Or whether the operation is non-excluses (i.e. just reading) in
> which case you only need to wait for any still outstanding exclusive
> fences attached to the dma_buf. But you _can_ attach more than one
> non-exclusive fence to a dma_buf at the same time, and so e.g. read a
> buffer objects from different engines concurrently.
>
> There's been some talk whether we also need a non-exclusive write
> attachment (i.e. allow multiple concurrent writers), but I don't yet fully
> understand the use-case.
>
> In short the proposed patches can do what you want to do, it's just that
> read/write access isn't part of the fences, but how you attach fences to
> dma_bufs.
>

Thanks for comments, Maarten and Daniel.

I think I understand as your comment but I don't think that I
understand fully the dma-fence mechanism. So I wish you to give me
some advices for it. In our case, I'm applying the dma-fence to
mali(3d gpu) driver as producer and exynos drm(display controller)
driver as consumer.

And the sequence is as the following:
In case of producer,
1. call fence_wait to wait for the dma access completion of others.
2. And then the producer creates a fence and a new reservation entry.
3. And then it sets the given dmabuf's resv(reservation_object) to the
new reservation entry.
4. And then it adds the reservation entry to entries list.
5. And then it sets the fence to all dmabufs of the entries list.
Actually, this work is to set the fence to the reservaion_object of
each dmabuf.
6. And then the producer's dma start.
7. Finally, when the dma start is completed, we get the entries list
from a 3d job command(in case of mali core, pp job) and call
fence_signal() with each fence of each reservation entry.

From here, is there my missing point?

And I thought the fence from reservation entry at step 7 means that
the producer wouldn't access the dmabuf attaching this fence anymore
so this step wakes up all processes blocked. So I understood that the
fence means a owner accessing the given dmabuf and we could aware of
whether the owner commited its own fence to the given dmabuf to read
or write through the fence's flags.

If you give me some advices, I'd be happy.

Thanks,
Inki Dae

> Cheers, Daniel
> --
> Daniel Vetter
> Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
> +41 (0) 79 365 57 48 - http://blog.ffwll.ch
> _______________________________________________
> dri-devel mailing list
> dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> http://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/dri-devel
Daniel Vetter Jan. 31, 2013, 2:49 p.m. | #6
On Thu, Jan 31, 2013 at 3:38 PM, Inki Dae <inki.dae@samsung.com> wrote:
> I think I understand as your comment but I don't think that I
> understand fully the dma-fence mechanism. So I wish you to give me
> some advices for it. In our case, I'm applying the dma-fence to
> mali(3d gpu) driver as producer and exynos drm(display controller)
> driver as consumer.
>
> And the sequence is as the following:
> In case of producer,
> 1. call fence_wait to wait for the dma access completion of others.
> 2. And then the producer creates a fence and a new reservation entry.
> 3. And then it sets the given dmabuf's resv(reservation_object) to the
> new reservation entry.
> 4. And then it adds the reservation entry to entries list.
> 5. And then it sets the fence to all dmabufs of the entries list.
> Actually, this work is to set the fence to the reservaion_object of
> each dmabuf.
> 6. And then the producer's dma start.
> 7. Finally, when the dma start is completed, we get the entries list
> from a 3d job command(in case of mali core, pp job) and call
> fence_signal() with each fence of each reservation entry.
>
> From here, is there my missing point?

Yeah, more or less. Although you need to wrap everything into ticket
reservation locking so that you can atomically update fences if you
have support for some form of device2device singalling (i.e. without
blocking on the cpu until all the old users completed). At least
that's the main point of Maarten's patches (and this does work with
prime between a few drivers by now), but ofc you can use cpu blocking
as a fallback.

> And I thought the fence from reservation entry at step 7 means that
> the producer wouldn't access the dmabuf attaching this fence anymore
> so this step wakes up all processes blocked. So I understood that the
> fence means a owner accessing the given dmabuf and we could aware of
> whether the owner commited its own fence to the given dmabuf to read
> or write through the fence's flags.

The fence doesn't give ownership of the dma_buf object, but only
indicates when the dma access will have completed. The relationship
between dma_buf/reservation and the attached fences specify whether
other hw engines can access the dma_buf, too (if the fence is
non-exclusive).

> If you give me some advices, I'd be happy.

Rob and Maarten are working on some howtos and documentation with
example code, I guess it'd be best to wait a bit until we have that.
Or just review the existing stuff Rob just posted and reply with
questions there.

Cheers, Daniel

Patch hide | download patch | download mbox

diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl
index 7514dbf..6f53fc0 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/device-drivers.tmpl
@@ -126,6 +126,8 @@  X!Edrivers/base/interface.c
      </sect1>
      <sect1><title>Device Drivers DMA Management</title>
 !Edrivers/base/dma-buf.c
+!Edrivers/base/fence.c
+!Iinclude/linux/fence.h
 !Edrivers/base/dma-coherent.c
 !Edrivers/base/dma-mapping.c
      </sect1>
diff --git a/drivers/base/Makefile b/drivers/base/Makefile
index 5aa2d70..0026563 100644
--- a/drivers/base/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/base/Makefile
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_CMA) += dma-contiguous.o
 obj-y			+= power/
 obj-$(CONFIG_HAS_DMA)	+= dma-mapping.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_GENERIC_DMA_COHERENT) += dma-coherent.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_DMA_SHARED_BUFFER) += dma-buf.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DMA_SHARED_BUFFER) += dma-buf.o fence.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ISA)	+= isa.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_FW_LOADER)	+= firmware_class.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NUMA)	+= node.o
diff --git a/drivers/base/fence.c b/drivers/base/fence.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..28e5ffd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/base/fence.c
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@ 
+/*
+ * Fence mechanism for dma-buf and to allow for asynchronous dma access
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Canonical Ltd
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Texas Instruments
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ * Rob Clark <rob.clark@linaro.org>
+ * Maarten Lankhorst <maarten.lankhorst@canonical.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/fence.h>
+
+atomic_t fence_context_counter = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fence_context_counter);
+
+int __fence_signal(struct fence *fence)
+{
+	struct fence_cb *cur, *tmp;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (WARN_ON(!fence))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (test_and_set_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags)) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+
+		/*
+		 * we might have raced with the unlocked fence_signal,
+		 * still run through all callbacks
+		 */
+	}
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(cur, tmp, &fence->cb_list, node) {
+		list_del_init(&cur->node);
+		cur->func(fence, cur, cur->priv);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fence_signal);
+
+/**
+ * fence_signal - signal completion of a fence
+ * @fence: the fence to signal
+ *
+ * Signal completion for software callbacks on a fence, this will unblock
+ * fence_wait() calls and run all the callbacks added with
+ * fence_add_callback(). Can be called multiple times, but since a fence
+ * can only go from unsignaled to signaled state, it will only be effective
+ * the first time.
+ */
+int fence_signal(struct fence *fence)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (!fence || test_and_set_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT, &fence->flags)) {
+		struct fence_cb *cur, *tmp;
+
+		spin_lock_irqsave(fence->lock, flags);
+		list_for_each_entry_safe(cur, tmp, &fence->cb_list, node) {
+			list_del_init(&cur->node);
+			cur->func(fence, cur, cur->priv);
+		}
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(fence->lock, flags);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fence_signal);
+
+void release_fence(struct kref *kref)
+{
+	struct fence *fence =
+			container_of(kref, struct fence, refcount);
+
+	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&fence->cb_list));
+
+	if (fence->ops->release)
+		fence->ops->release(fence);
+	else
+		kfree(fence);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_fence);
+
+/**
+ * fence_enable_sw_signaling - enable signaling on fence
+ * @fence:	[in]	the fence to enable
+ *
+ * this will request for sw signaling to be enabled, to make the fence
+ * complete as soon as possible
+ */
+void fence_enable_sw_signaling(struct fence *fence)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (!test_and_set_bit(FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT, &fence->flags) &&
+	    !test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags)) {
+		spin_lock_irqsave(fence->lock, flags);
+
+		if (!fence->ops->enable_signaling(fence))
+			__fence_signal(fence);
+
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(fence->lock, flags);
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fence_enable_sw_signaling);
+
+/**
+ * fence_add_callback - add a callback to be called when the fence
+ * is signaled
+ * @fence:	[in]	the fence to wait on
+ * @cb:		[in]	the callback to register
+ * @func:	[in]	the function to call
+ * @priv:	[in]	the argument to pass to function
+ *
+ * cb will be initialized by fence_add_callback, no initialization
+ * by the caller is required. Any number of callbacks can be registered
+ * to a fence, but a callback can only be registered to one fence at a time.
+ *
+ * Note that the callback can be called from an atomic context.  If
+ * fence is already signaled, this function will return -ENOENT (and
+ * *not* call the callback)
+ *
+ * Add a software callback to the fence. Same restrictions apply to
+ * refcount as it does to fence_wait, however the caller doesn't need to
+ * keep a refcount to fence afterwards: when software access is enabled,
+ * the creator of the fence is required to keep the fence alive until
+ * after it signals with fence_signal. The callback itself can be called
+ * from irq context.
+ *
+ */
+int fence_add_callback(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb,
+		       fence_func_t func, void *priv)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int ret = 0;
+	bool was_set;
+
+	if (WARN_ON(!fence || !func))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags))
+		return -ENOENT;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(fence->lock, flags);
+
+	was_set = test_and_set_bit(FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT, &fence->flags);
+
+	if (test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags))
+		ret = -ENOENT;
+	else if (!was_set && !fence->ops->enable_signaling(fence)) {
+		__fence_signal(fence);
+		ret = -ENOENT;
+	}
+
+	if (!ret) {
+		cb->func = func;
+		cb->priv = priv;
+		list_add_tail(&cb->node, &fence->cb_list);
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(fence->lock, flags);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fence_add_callback);
+
+/**
+ * fence_remove_callback - remove a callback from the signaling list
+ * @fence:	[in]	the fence to wait on
+ * @cb:		[in]	the callback to remove
+ *
+ * Remove a previously queued callback from the fence. This function returns
+ * true is the callback is succesfully removed, or false if the fence has
+ * already been signaled.
+ *
+ * *WARNING*:
+ * Cancelling a callback should only be done if you really know what you're
+ * doing, since deadlocks and race conditions could occur all too easily. For
+ * this reason, it should only ever be done on hardware lockup recovery,
+ * with a reference held to the fence.
+ */
+bool
+fence_remove_callback(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	bool ret;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(fence->lock, flags);
+
+	ret = !list_empty(&cb->node);
+	if (ret)
+		list_del_init(&cb->node);
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(fence->lock, flags);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fence_remove_callback);
+
+static void
+fence_default_wait_cb(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb, void *priv)
+{
+	try_to_wake_up(priv, TASK_NORMAL, 0);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fence_default_wait - default sleep until the fence gets signaled
+ * or until timeout elapses
+ * @fence:	[in]	the fence to wait on
+ * @intr:	[in]	if true, do an interruptible wait
+ * @timeout:	[in]	timeout value in jiffies, or MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT
+ *
+ * Returns -ERESTARTSYS if interrupted, 0 if the wait timed out, or the
+ * remaining timeout in jiffies on success.
+ */
+long
+fence_default_wait(struct fence *fence, bool intr, signed long timeout)
+{
+	struct fence_cb cb;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	long ret = timeout;
+	bool was_set;
+
+	if (test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags))
+		return timeout;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(fence->lock, flags);
+
+	if (intr && signal_pending(current)) {
+		ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	was_set = test_and_set_bit(FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT, &fence->flags);
+
+	if (test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags))
+		goto out;
+
+	if (!was_set && !fence->ops->enable_signaling(fence)) {
+		__fence_signal(fence);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	cb.func = fence_default_wait_cb;
+	cb.priv = current;
+	list_add(&cb.node, &fence->cb_list);
+
+	while (!test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags) && ret > 0) {
+		if (intr)
+			__set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+		else
+			__set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(fence->lock, flags);
+
+		ret = schedule_timeout(ret);
+
+		spin_lock_irqsave(fence->lock, flags);
+		if (ret > 0 && intr && signal_pending(current))
+			ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
+	}
+
+	if (!list_empty(&cb.node))
+		list_del(&cb.node);
+	__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+
+out:
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(fence->lock, flags);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fence_default_wait);
diff --git a/include/linux/fence.h b/include/linux/fence.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d9f091d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/fence.h
@@ -0,0 +1,347 @@ 
+/*
+ * Fence mechanism for dma-buf to allow for asynchronous dma access
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Canonical Ltd
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Texas Instruments
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ * Rob Clark <rob.clark@linaro.org>
+ * Maarten Lankhorst <maarten.lankhorst@canonical.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_FENCE_H
+#define __LINUX_FENCE_H
+
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/kref.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+
+struct fence;
+struct fence_ops;
+struct fence_cb;
+
+/**
+ * struct fence - software synchronization primitive
+ * @refcount: refcount for this fence
+ * @ops: fence_ops associated with this fence
+ * @cb_list: list of all callbacks to call
+ * @lock: spin_lock_irqsave used for locking
+ * @priv: fence specific private data
+ * @flags: A mask of FENCE_FLAG_* defined below
+ *
+ * the flags member must be manipulated and read using the appropriate
+ * atomic ops (bit_*), so taking the spinlock will not be needed most
+ * of the time.
+ *
+ * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT - fence is already signaled
+ * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT - enable_signaling might have been called*
+ * FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS - start of the unused bits, can be used by the
+ * implementer of the fence for its own purposes. Can be used in different
+ * ways by different fence implementers, so do not rely on this.
+ *
+ * *) Since atomic bitops are used, this is not guaranteed to be the case.
+ * Particularly, if the bit was set, but fence_signal was called right
+ * before this bit was set, it would have been able to set the
+ * FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, before enable_signaling was called.
+ * Adding a check for FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT after setting
+ * FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT closes this race, and makes sure that
+ * after fence_signal was called, any enable_signaling call will have either
+ * been completed, or never called at all.
+ */
+struct fence {
+	struct kref refcount;
+	const struct fence_ops *ops;
+	struct list_head cb_list;
+	spinlock_t *lock;
+	unsigned context, seqno;
+	unsigned long flags;
+};
+
+enum fence_flag_bits {
+	FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT,
+	FENCE_FLAG_ENABLE_SIGNAL_BIT,
+	FENCE_FLAG_USER_BITS, /* must always be last member */
+};
+
+typedef void (*fence_func_t)(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb, void *priv);
+
+/**
+ * struct fence_cb - callback for fence_add_callback
+ * @func: fence_func_t to call
+ * @priv: value of priv to pass to function
+ *
+ * This struct will be initialized by fence_add_callback, additional
+ * data can be passed along by embedding fence_cb in another struct.
+ */
+struct fence_cb {
+	struct list_head node;
+	fence_func_t func;
+	void *priv;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct fence_ops - operations implemented for fence
+ * @enable_signaling: enable software signaling of fence
+ * @signaled: [optional] peek whether the fence is signaled
+ * @release: [optional] called on destruction of fence
+ *
+ * Notes on enable_signaling:
+ * For fence implementations that have the capability for hw->hw
+ * signaling, they can implement this op to enable the necessary
+ * irqs, or insert commands into cmdstream, etc.  This is called
+ * in the first wait() or add_callback() path to let the fence
+ * implementation know that there is another driver waiting on
+ * the signal (ie. hw->sw case).
+ *
+ * This function can be called called from atomic context, but not
+ * from irq context, so normal spinlocks can be used.
+ *
+ * A return value of false indicates the fence already passed,
+ * or some failure occured that made it impossible to enable
+ * signaling. True indicates succesful enabling.
+ *
+ * Calling fence_signal before enable_signaling is called allows
+ * for a tiny race window in which enable_signaling is called during,
+ * before, or after fence_signal. To fight this, it is recommended
+ * that before enable_signaling returns true an extra reference is
+ * taken on the fence, to be released when the fence is signaled.
+ * This will mean fence_signal will still be called twice, but
+ * the second time will be a noop since it was already signaled.
+ *
+ * Notes on release:
+ * Can be NULL, this function allows additional commands to run on
+ * destruction of the fence. Can be called from irq context.
+ * If pointer is set to NULL, kfree will get called instead.
+ */
+
+struct fence_ops {
+	bool (*enable_signaling)(struct fence *fence);
+	bool (*signaled)(struct fence *fence);
+	long (*wait)(struct fence *fence, bool intr, signed long);
+	void (*release)(struct fence *fence);
+};
+
+/**
+ * __fence_init - Initialize a custom fence.
+ * @fence:	[in]	the fence to initialize
+ * @ops:	[in]	the fence_ops for operations on this fence
+ * @lock:	[in]	the irqsafe spinlock to use for locking this fence
+ * @context:	[in]	the execution context this fence is run on
+ * @seqno:	[in]	a linear increasing sequence number for this context
+ *
+ * Initializes an allocated fence, the caller doesn't have to keep its
+ * refcount after committing with this fence, but it will need to hold a
+ * refcount again if fence_ops.enable_signaling gets called. This can
+ * be used for other implementing other types of fence.
+ *
+ * context and seqno are used for easy comparison between fences, allowing
+ * to check which fence is later by simply using fence_later.
+ */
+static inline void
+__fence_init(struct fence *fence, const struct fence_ops *ops,
+	     spinlock_t *lock, unsigned context, unsigned seqno)
+{
+	BUG_ON(!ops || !lock || !ops->enable_signaling || !ops->wait);
+
+	kref_init(&fence->refcount);
+	fence->ops = ops;
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fence->cb_list);
+	fence->lock = lock;
+	fence->context = context;
+	fence->seqno = seqno;
+	fence->flags = 0UL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fence_get - increases refcount of the fence
+ * @fence:	[in]	fence to increase refcount of
+ */
+static inline void fence_get(struct fence *fence)
+{
+	if (WARN_ON(!fence))
+		return;
+	kref_get(&fence->refcount);
+}
+
+extern void release_fence(struct kref *kref);
+
+/**
+ * fence_put - decreases refcount of the fence
+ * @fence:	[in]	fence to reduce refcount of
+ */
+static inline void fence_put(struct fence *fence)
+{
+	if (WARN_ON(!fence))
+		return;
+	kref_put(&fence->refcount, release_fence);
+}
+
+int fence_signal(struct fence *fence);
+int __fence_signal(struct fence *fence);
+long fence_default_wait(struct fence *fence, bool intr, signed long);
+int fence_add_callback(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb,
+		       fence_func_t func, void *priv);
+bool fence_remove_callback(struct fence *fence, struct fence_cb *cb);
+void fence_enable_sw_signaling(struct fence *fence);
+
+/**
+ * fence_is_signaled - Return an indication if the fence is signaled yet.
+ * @fence:	[in]	the fence to check
+ *
+ * Returns true if the fence was already signaled, false if not. Since this
+ * function doesn't enable signaling, it is not guaranteed to ever return true
+ * If fence_add_callback, fence_wait or fence_enable_sw_signaling
+ * haven't been called before.
+ *
+ * It's recommended for seqno fences to call fence_signal when the
+ * operation is complete, it makes it possible to prevent issues from
+ * wraparound between time of issue and time of use by checking the return
+ * value of this function before calling hardware-specific wait instructions.
+ */
+static inline bool
+fence_is_signaled(struct fence *fence)
+{
+	if (test_bit(FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT, &fence->flags))
+		return true;
+
+	if (fence->ops->signaled && fence->ops->signaled(fence)) {
+		fence_signal(fence);
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	return false;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fence_later - return the chronologically later fence
+ * @f1:	[in]	the first fence from the same context
+ * @f2:	[in]	the second fence from the same context
+ *
+ * Returns NULL if both fences are signaled, otherwise the fence that would be
+ * signaled last. Both fences must be from the same context, since a seqno is
+ * not re-used across contexts.
+ */
+static inline struct fence *fence_later(struct fence *f1, struct fence *f2)
+{
+	bool sig1, sig2;
+
+	/*
+	 * can't check just FENCE_FLAG_SIGNALED_BIT here, it may never have been
+	 * set called if enable_signaling wasn't, and enabling that here is
+	 * overkill.
+	 */
+	sig1 = fence_is_signaled(f1);
+	sig2 = fence_is_signaled(f2);
+
+	if (sig1 && sig2)
+		return NULL;
+
+	BUG_ON(f1->context != f2->context);
+
+	if (sig1 || f2->seqno - f2->seqno <= INT_MAX)
+		return f2;
+	else
+		return f1;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fence_wait_timeout - sleep until the fence gets signaled
+ * or until timeout elapses
+ * @fence:	[in]	the fence to wait on
+ * @intr:	[in]	if true, do an interruptible wait
+ * @timeout:	[in]	timeout value in jiffies, or MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT
+ *
+ * Returns -ERESTARTSYS if interrupted, 0 if the wait timed out, or the
+ * remaining timeout in jiffies on success. Other error values may be
+ * returned on custom implementations.
+ *
+ * Performs a synchronous wait on this fence. It is assumed the caller
+ * directly or indirectly (buf-mgr between reservation and committing)
+ * holds a reference to the fence, otherwise the fence might be
+ * freed before return, resulting in undefined behavior.
+ */
+static inline long
+fence_wait_timeout(struct fence *fence, bool intr, signed long timeout)
+{
+	if (WARN_ON(timeout < 0))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return fence->ops->wait(fence, intr, timeout);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fence_wait - sleep until the fence gets signaled
+ * @fence:	[in]	the fence to wait on
+ * @intr:	[in]	if true, do an interruptible wait
+ *
+ * This function will return -ERESTARTSYS if interrupted by a signal,
+ * or 0 if the fence was signaled. Other error values may be
+ * returned on custom implementations.
+ *
+ * Performs a synchronous wait on this fence. It is assumed the caller
+ * directly or indirectly (buf-mgr between reservation and committing)
+ * holds a reference to the fence, otherwise the fence might be
+ * freed before return, resulting in undefined behavior.
+ */
+static inline long fence_wait(struct fence *fence, bool intr)
+{
+	long ret;
+
+	/* Since fence_wait_timeout cannot timeout with
+	 * MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT, only valid return values are
+	 * -ERESTARTSYS and MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT.
+	 */
+	ret = fence_wait_timeout(fence, intr, MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT);
+
+	return ret < 0 ? ret : 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fence context counter: each execution context should have its own
+ * fence context, this allows checking if fences belong to the same
+ * context or not. One device can have multiple separate contexts,
+ * and they're used if some engine can run independently of another.
+ */
+extern atomic_t fence_context_counter;
+
+static inline unsigned fence_context_alloc(unsigned num)
+{
+	BUG_ON(!num);
+	return atomic_add_return(num, &fence_context_counter) - num;
+}
+
+#define FENCE_TRACE(f, fmt, args...) \
+	do {									\
+		struct fence *__ff = (f);					\
+		pr_info("f %u#%u: " fmt, __ff->context, __ff->seqno, ##args);	\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define FENCE_WARN(f, fmt, args...) \
+	do {									\
+		struct fence *__ff = (f);					\
+		pr_warn("f %u#%u: " fmt, __ff->context, __ff->seqno, ##args);	\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define FENCE_ERR(f, fmt, args...) \
+	do {									\
+		struct fence *__ff = (f);					\
+		pr_err("f %u#%u: " fmt, __ff->context, __ff->seqno, ##args);	\
+	} while (0)
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_FENCE_H */