mremap: properly flush TLB before releasing the page

Message ID 1541164962-28533-1-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • mremap: properly flush TLB before releasing the page
Related show

Commit Message

Will Deacon Nov. 2, 2018, 1:22 p.m.
From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>


Commit eb66ae030829605d61fbef1909ce310e29f78821 upstream.

This is a backport to stable 4.4.y.

Jann Horn points out that our TLB flushing was subtly wrong for the
mremap() case.  What makes mremap() special is that we don't follow the
usual "add page to list of pages to be freed, then flush tlb, and then
free pages".  No, mremap() obviously just _moves_ the page from one page
table location to another.

That matters, because mremap() thus doesn't directly control the
lifetime of the moved page with a freelist: instead, the lifetime of the
page is controlled by the page table locking, that serializes access to
the entry.

As a result, we need to flush the TLB not just before releasing the lock
for the source location (to avoid any concurrent accesses to the entry),
but also before we release the destination page table lock (to avoid the
TLB being flushed after somebody else has already done something to that
page).

This also makes the whole "need_flush" logic unnecessary, since we now
always end up flushing the TLB for every valid entry.

Reported-and-tested-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

Tested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>

Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

[will: backport to 4.4 stable]
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

---
 mm/huge_memory.c |  6 +++++-
 mm/mremap.c      | 21 ++++++++++++++++-----
 2 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

-- 
2.1.4

Comments

Kirill A. Shutemov Nov. 2, 2018, 2:56 p.m. | #1
On Fri, Nov 02, 2018 at 01:22:42PM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

> 

> Commit eb66ae030829605d61fbef1909ce310e29f78821 upstream.


I have never seen the original patch on mailing lists, so I'll reply to
the backport.

> 

> This is a backport to stable 4.4.y.

> 

> Jann Horn points out that our TLB flushing was subtly wrong for the

> mremap() case.  What makes mremap() special is that we don't follow the

> usual "add page to list of pages to be freed, then flush tlb, and then

> free pages".  No, mremap() obviously just _moves_ the page from one page

> table location to another.

> 

> That matters, because mremap() thus doesn't directly control the

> lifetime of the moved page with a freelist: instead, the lifetime of the

> page is controlled by the page table locking, that serializes access to

> the entry.


I believe we do control the lifetime of the page with mmap_sem, don't we?

I mean any shoot down of the page from a mapping would require at least
down_read(mmap_sem) and we hold down_write(mmap_sem). Hm?

> As a result, we need to flush the TLB not just before releasing the lock

> for the source location (to avoid any concurrent accesses to the entry),

> but also before we release the destination page table lock (to avoid the

> TLB being flushed after somebody else has already done something to that

> page).

> 

> This also makes the whole "need_flush" logic unnecessary, since we now

> always end up flushing the TLB for every valid entry.

> 

> Reported-and-tested-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>

> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

> Tested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>

> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

> [will: backport to 4.4 stable]

> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

> ---

>  mm/huge_memory.c |  6 +++++-

>  mm/mremap.c      | 21 ++++++++++++++++-----

>  2 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

> 

> diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c

> index c4ea57ee2fd1..465786cd6490 100644

> --- a/mm/huge_memory.c

> +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c

> @@ -1511,7 +1511,7 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,

>  	spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;

>  	int ret = 0;

>  	pmd_t pmd;

> -

> +	bool force_flush = false;

>  	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;

>  

>  	if ((old_addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) ||

> @@ -1539,6 +1539,8 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,

>  		if (new_ptl != old_ptl)

>  			spin_lock_nested(new_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);

>  		pmd = pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pmd);

> +		if (pmd_present(pmd))

> +			force_flush = true;

>  		VM_BUG_ON(!pmd_none(*new_pmd));

>  

>  		if (pmd_move_must_withdraw(new_ptl, old_ptl)) {

> @@ -1547,6 +1549,8 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,

>  			pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(mm, new_pmd, pgtable);

>  		}

>  		set_pmd_at(mm, new_addr, new_pmd, pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd));

> +		if (force_flush)

> +			flush_tlb_range(vma, old_addr, old_addr + PMD_SIZE);

>  		if (new_ptl != old_ptl)

>  			spin_unlock(new_ptl);

>  		spin_unlock(old_ptl);

> diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c

> index fe7b7f65f4f4..450b306d473e 100644

> --- a/mm/mremap.c

> +++ b/mm/mremap.c

> @@ -96,6 +96,8 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,

>  	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;

>  	pte_t *old_pte, *new_pte, pte;

>  	spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;

> +	bool force_flush = false;

> +	unsigned long len = old_end - old_addr;

>  

>  	/*

>  	 * When need_rmap_locks is true, we take the i_mmap_rwsem and anon_vma

> @@ -143,12 +145,26 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,

>  		if (pte_none(*old_pte))

>  			continue;

>  		pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pte);

> +		/*

> +		 * If we are remapping a valid PTE, make sure

> +		 * to flush TLB before we drop the PTL for the PTE.

> +		 *

> +		 * NOTE! Both old and new PTL matter: the old one

> +		 * for racing with page_mkclean(), the new one to

> +		 * make sure the physical page stays valid until

> +		 * the TLB entry for the old mapping has been

> +		 * flushed.

> +		 */


Could you elaborate on the race with page_mkclean()?

I think the new logic is unnecessary strict (and slow).

Any barely sane userspace must not access the old mapping after
mremap(MREMAP_MAYMOVE) called and must not access the new mapping
before the mremap() returns.

The old logic *should* be safe if this argument valid.

Do I miss something?

> +		if (pte_present(pte))

> +			force_flush = true;

>  		pte = move_pte(pte, new_vma->vm_page_prot, old_addr, new_addr);

>  		pte = move_soft_dirty_pte(pte);

>  		set_pte_at(mm, new_addr, new_pte, pte);

>  	}

>  

>  	arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();

> +	if (force_flush)

> +		flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end - len, old_end);

>  	if (new_ptl != old_ptl)

>  		spin_unlock(new_ptl);

>  	pte_unmap(new_pte - 1);

> @@ -168,7 +184,6 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

>  {

>  	unsigned long extent, next, old_end;

>  	pmd_t *old_pmd, *new_pmd;

> -	bool need_flush = false;

>  	unsigned long mmun_start;	/* For mmu_notifiers */

>  	unsigned long mmun_end;		/* For mmu_notifiers */

>  

> @@ -207,7 +222,6 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

>  					anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma);

>  			}

>  			if (err > 0) {

> -				need_flush = true;

>  				continue;

>  			} else if (!err) {

>  				split_huge_page_pmd(vma, old_addr, old_pmd);

> @@ -224,10 +238,7 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

>  			extent = LATENCY_LIMIT;

>  		move_ptes(vma, old_pmd, old_addr, old_addr + extent,

>  			  new_vma, new_pmd, new_addr, need_rmap_locks);

> -		need_flush = true;

>  	}

> -	if (likely(need_flush))

> -		flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end-len, old_addr);

>  

>  	mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(vma->vm_mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);

>  

> -- 

> 2.1.4

> 


-- 
 Kirill A. Shutemov
Jann Horn Nov. 2, 2018, 3 p.m. | #2
On Fri, Nov 2, 2018 at 3:56 PM Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name> wrote:
> On Fri, Nov 02, 2018 at 01:22:42PM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:

> > From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

> >

> > Commit eb66ae030829605d61fbef1909ce310e29f78821 upstream.

>

> I have never seen the original patch on mailing lists, so I'll reply to

> the backport.


For context, the original bug report is public at
https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=1695 .

> > This is a backport to stable 4.4.y.

> >

> > Jann Horn points out that our TLB flushing was subtly wrong for the

> > mremap() case.  What makes mremap() special is that we don't follow the

> > usual "add page to list of pages to be freed, then flush tlb, and then

> > free pages".  No, mremap() obviously just _moves_ the page from one page

> > table location to another.

> >

> > That matters, because mremap() thus doesn't directly control the

> > lifetime of the moved page with a freelist: instead, the lifetime of the

> > page is controlled by the page table locking, that serializes access to

> > the entry.

>

> I believe we do control the lifetime of the page with mmap_sem, don't we?


Nope. For file-backed pages, someone can come through the file mapping
and free our pages, e.g. through the ftruncate() syscall.

> I mean any shoot down of the page from a mapping would require at least

> down_read(mmap_sem) and we hold down_write(mmap_sem). Hm?

>

> > As a result, we need to flush the TLB not just before releasing the lock

> > for the source location (to avoid any concurrent accesses to the entry),

> > but also before we release the destination page table lock (to avoid the

> > TLB being flushed after somebody else has already done something to that

> > page).

> >

> > This also makes the whole "need_flush" logic unnecessary, since we now

> > always end up flushing the TLB for every valid entry.

> >

> > Reported-and-tested-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>

> > Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

> > Tested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

> > Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>

> > Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

> > Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

> > [will: backport to 4.4 stable]

> > Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

> > ---

> >  mm/huge_memory.c |  6 +++++-

> >  mm/mremap.c      | 21 ++++++++++++++++-----

> >  2 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

> >

> > diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c

> > index c4ea57ee2fd1..465786cd6490 100644

> > --- a/mm/huge_memory.c

> > +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c

> > @@ -1511,7 +1511,7 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,

> >       spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;

> >       int ret = 0;

> >       pmd_t pmd;

> > -

> > +     bool force_flush = false;

> >       struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;

> >

> >       if ((old_addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) ||

> > @@ -1539,6 +1539,8 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,

> >               if (new_ptl != old_ptl)

> >                       spin_lock_nested(new_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);

> >               pmd = pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pmd);

> > +             if (pmd_present(pmd))

> > +                     force_flush = true;

> >               VM_BUG_ON(!pmd_none(*new_pmd));

> >

> >               if (pmd_move_must_withdraw(new_ptl, old_ptl)) {

> > @@ -1547,6 +1549,8 @@ int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,

> >                       pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(mm, new_pmd, pgtable);

> >               }

> >               set_pmd_at(mm, new_addr, new_pmd, pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd));

> > +             if (force_flush)

> > +                     flush_tlb_range(vma, old_addr, old_addr + PMD_SIZE);

> >               if (new_ptl != old_ptl)

> >                       spin_unlock(new_ptl);

> >               spin_unlock(old_ptl);

> > diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c

> > index fe7b7f65f4f4..450b306d473e 100644

> > --- a/mm/mremap.c

> > +++ b/mm/mremap.c

> > @@ -96,6 +96,8 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,

> >       struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;

> >       pte_t *old_pte, *new_pte, pte;

> >       spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;

> > +     bool force_flush = false;

> > +     unsigned long len = old_end - old_addr;

> >

> >       /*

> >        * When need_rmap_locks is true, we take the i_mmap_rwsem and anon_vma

> > @@ -143,12 +145,26 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,

> >               if (pte_none(*old_pte))

> >                       continue;

> >               pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pte);

> > +             /*

> > +              * If we are remapping a valid PTE, make sure

> > +              * to flush TLB before we drop the PTL for the PTE.

> > +              *

> > +              * NOTE! Both old and new PTL matter: the old one

> > +              * for racing with page_mkclean(), the new one to

> > +              * make sure the physical page stays valid until

> > +              * the TLB entry for the old mapping has been

> > +              * flushed.

> > +              */

>

> Could you elaborate on the race with page_mkclean()?

>

> I think the new logic is unnecessary strict (and slow).

>

> Any barely sane userspace must not access the old mapping after

> mremap(MREMAP_MAYMOVE) called and must not access the new mapping

> before the mremap() returns.

>

> The old logic *should* be safe if this argument valid.

>

> Do I miss something?

>

> > +             if (pte_present(pte))

> > +                     force_flush = true;

> >               pte = move_pte(pte, new_vma->vm_page_prot, old_addr, new_addr);

> >               pte = move_soft_dirty_pte(pte);

> >               set_pte_at(mm, new_addr, new_pte, pte);

> >       }

> >

> >       arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();

> > +     if (force_flush)

> > +             flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end - len, old_end);

> >       if (new_ptl != old_ptl)

> >               spin_unlock(new_ptl);

> >       pte_unmap(new_pte - 1);

> > @@ -168,7 +184,6 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

> >  {

> >       unsigned long extent, next, old_end;

> >       pmd_t *old_pmd, *new_pmd;

> > -     bool need_flush = false;

> >       unsigned long mmun_start;       /* For mmu_notifiers */

> >       unsigned long mmun_end;         /* For mmu_notifiers */

> >

> > @@ -207,7 +222,6 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

> >                                       anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma);

> >                       }

> >                       if (err > 0) {

> > -                             need_flush = true;

> >                               continue;

> >                       } else if (!err) {

> >                               split_huge_page_pmd(vma, old_addr, old_pmd);

> > @@ -224,10 +238,7 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

> >                       extent = LATENCY_LIMIT;

> >               move_ptes(vma, old_pmd, old_addr, old_addr + extent,

> >                         new_vma, new_pmd, new_addr, need_rmap_locks);

> > -             need_flush = true;

> >       }

> > -     if (likely(need_flush))

> > -             flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end-len, old_addr);

> >

> >       mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(vma->vm_mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);

> >

> > --

> > 2.1.4

> >

>

> --

>  Kirill A. Shutemov
Linus Torvalds Nov. 2, 2018, 4:05 p.m. | #3
On Fri, Nov 2, 2018 at 8:25 AM Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name> wrote:
>

> I wounder if it would be cheaper to fix this by taking i_mmap_lock_write()

> unconditionally in mremap() path rather than do a lot of flushing.


That wouldn't help. Think anonymous pages and try_to_free() rmap walk.
So then I think we'd have to take the anonvma lock or something.

And it's not like we are likely to even do any more flushes, really.
We don't flush for each page, only for each page table. So every 512
pages or so.

                     Linus
Greg KH Nov. 2, 2018, 5:03 p.m. | #4
On Fri, Nov 02, 2018 at 01:22:42PM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

> 

> Commit eb66ae030829605d61fbef1909ce310e29f78821 upstream.

> 

> This is a backport to stable 4.4.y.


Thanks for this, now queued up.

greg k-h

Patch

diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index c4ea57ee2fd1..465786cd6490 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -1511,7 +1511,7 @@  int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
 	spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;
 	int ret = 0;
 	pmd_t pmd;
-
+	bool force_flush = false;
 	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
 
 	if ((old_addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) ||
@@ -1539,6 +1539,8 @@  int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
 		if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
 			spin_lock_nested(new_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
 		pmd = pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pmd);
+		if (pmd_present(pmd))
+			force_flush = true;
 		VM_BUG_ON(!pmd_none(*new_pmd));
 
 		if (pmd_move_must_withdraw(new_ptl, old_ptl)) {
@@ -1547,6 +1549,8 @@  int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
 			pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(mm, new_pmd, pgtable);
 		}
 		set_pmd_at(mm, new_addr, new_pmd, pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd));
+		if (force_flush)
+			flush_tlb_range(vma, old_addr, old_addr + PMD_SIZE);
 		if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
 			spin_unlock(new_ptl);
 		spin_unlock(old_ptl);
diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c
index fe7b7f65f4f4..450b306d473e 100644
--- a/mm/mremap.c
+++ b/mm/mremap.c
@@ -96,6 +96,8 @@  static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
 	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
 	pte_t *old_pte, *new_pte, pte;
 	spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;
+	bool force_flush = false;
+	unsigned long len = old_end - old_addr;
 
 	/*
 	 * When need_rmap_locks is true, we take the i_mmap_rwsem and anon_vma
@@ -143,12 +145,26 @@  static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
 		if (pte_none(*old_pte))
 			continue;
 		pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pte);
+		/*
+		 * If we are remapping a valid PTE, make sure
+		 * to flush TLB before we drop the PTL for the PTE.
+		 *
+		 * NOTE! Both old and new PTL matter: the old one
+		 * for racing with page_mkclean(), the new one to
+		 * make sure the physical page stays valid until
+		 * the TLB entry for the old mapping has been
+		 * flushed.
+		 */
+		if (pte_present(pte))
+			force_flush = true;
 		pte = move_pte(pte, new_vma->vm_page_prot, old_addr, new_addr);
 		pte = move_soft_dirty_pte(pte);
 		set_pte_at(mm, new_addr, new_pte, pte);
 	}
 
 	arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
+	if (force_flush)
+		flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end - len, old_end);
 	if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
 		spin_unlock(new_ptl);
 	pte_unmap(new_pte - 1);
@@ -168,7 +184,6 @@  unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 {
 	unsigned long extent, next, old_end;
 	pmd_t *old_pmd, *new_pmd;
-	bool need_flush = false;
 	unsigned long mmun_start;	/* For mmu_notifiers */
 	unsigned long mmun_end;		/* For mmu_notifiers */
 
@@ -207,7 +222,6 @@  unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 					anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma);
 			}
 			if (err > 0) {
-				need_flush = true;
 				continue;
 			} else if (!err) {
 				split_huge_page_pmd(vma, old_addr, old_pmd);
@@ -224,10 +238,7 @@  unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 			extent = LATENCY_LIMIT;
 		move_ptes(vma, old_pmd, old_addr, old_addr + extent,
 			  new_vma, new_pmd, new_addr, need_rmap_locks);
-		need_flush = true;
 	}
-	if (likely(need_flush))
-		flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end-len, old_addr);
 
 	mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(vma->vm_mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);