[edk2,v2,4/4] ArmVirtPkg/QemuVirtMemInfoLib: trim the MMIO region mapping

Message ID 20181130112829.12173-5-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • ArmVirtQemu: unmap page #0 to catch NULL pointer dereferences
Related show

Commit Message

Ard Biesheuvel Nov. 30, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
QEMU/mach-virt is rather unhelpful when it comes to tracking down
NULL pointer dereferences that occur while running in UEFI: since
we have NOR flash mapped at address 0x0, inadvertent reads go
unnoticed, and even most writes are silently dropped, unless you're
unlucky and the instruction in question is one that KVM cannot
emulate, in which case you end up with a QEMU crash like this:

  error: kvm run failed Function not implemented
   PC=000000013f7ff804 X00=000000013f7ab108 X01=0000000000000064
  X02=000000013f801988 X03=00000000800003c4 X04=0000000000000000
  X05=0000000096000044 X06=fffffffffffd8270 X07=000000013f7ab4a0
  X08=0000000000000001 X09=000000013f803b88 X10=000000013f7e88d0
  X11=0000000000000009 X12=000000013f7ab554 X13=0000000000000008
  X14=0000000000000002 X15=0000000000000000 X16=0000000000000000
  X17=0000000000000000 X18=0000000000000000 X19=0000000000000000
  X20=000000013f81c000 X21=000000013f7ab170 X22=000000013f81c000
  X23=0000000009000018 X24=000000013f407020 X25=000000013f81c000
  X26=000000013f803530 X27=000000013f802000 X28=000000013f7ab270
  X29=000000013f7ab0d0 X30=000000013f7fee10  SP=000000013f7a6f30
  PSTATE=800003c5 N--- EL1h

and a warning in the host kernel log that load/store instruction
decoding is not supported by KVM.

Given that the first page of the flash device is not actually
used anyway, let's reduce the mappings of the peripheral space
and the flash device (both of which cover page #0) to only cover
what is actually required:

  ArmVirtQemu.fdf:
  > 0x00001000|0x001ff000

  > gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvBaseAddress|gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvSize


  ArmVirtQemuKernel.fdf:
  > 0x00008000|0x001f8000

  > gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvBaseAddress|gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvSize


For ArmVirtQemu, the resulting virtual mapping looks roughly like:
- [0, 4K)       : flash, unmapped
- [4K, 2M)      : flash, mapped as WB+X RAM
- [2M, 64M)     : flash, unmapped
- [64M, 128M)   : varstore flash, will be mapped by the NOR flash driver
- [128M, 256M)  : peripherals, mapped as device
- [256M, 1GB)   : 32-bit MMIO aperture, translated IO aperture, ECAM,
                  will be mapped by the PCI host bridge driver
- [1GB, ...)    : RAM, mapped.

After this change, any inadvertent read or write from/to the first
physical page will trigger a translation fault inside the guest,
regardless of the nature of the instruction, without crashing QEMU.

Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

---
 ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf    |  4 ++--
 ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf |  2 ++
 ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c      | 23 ++++++++++++++------
 3 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

-- 
2.19.1

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Comments

Laszlo Ersek Dec. 3, 2018, 1:32 p.m. | #1
On 11/30/18 12:28, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> QEMU/mach-virt is rather unhelpful when it comes to tracking down

> NULL pointer dereferences that occur while running in UEFI: since

> we have NOR flash mapped at address 0x0, inadvertent reads go

> unnoticed, and even most writes are silently dropped, unless you're

> unlucky and the instruction in question is one that KVM cannot

> emulate, in which case you end up with a QEMU crash like this:

> 

>   error: kvm run failed Function not implemented

>    PC=000000013f7ff804 X00=000000013f7ab108 X01=0000000000000064

>   X02=000000013f801988 X03=00000000800003c4 X04=0000000000000000

>   X05=0000000096000044 X06=fffffffffffd8270 X07=000000013f7ab4a0

>   X08=0000000000000001 X09=000000013f803b88 X10=000000013f7e88d0

>   X11=0000000000000009 X12=000000013f7ab554 X13=0000000000000008

>   X14=0000000000000002 X15=0000000000000000 X16=0000000000000000

>   X17=0000000000000000 X18=0000000000000000 X19=0000000000000000

>   X20=000000013f81c000 X21=000000013f7ab170 X22=000000013f81c000

>   X23=0000000009000018 X24=000000013f407020 X25=000000013f81c000

>   X26=000000013f803530 X27=000000013f802000 X28=000000013f7ab270

>   X29=000000013f7ab0d0 X30=000000013f7fee10  SP=000000013f7a6f30

>   PSTATE=800003c5 N--- EL1h

> 

> and a warning in the host kernel log that load/store instruction

> decoding is not supported by KVM.

> 

> Given that the first page of the flash device is not actually

> used anyway, let's reduce the mappings of the peripheral space

> and the flash device (both of which cover page #0) to only cover

> what is actually required:

> 

>   ArmVirtQemu.fdf:

>   > 0x00001000|0x001ff000

>   > gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvBaseAddress|gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvSize

> 

>   ArmVirtQemuKernel.fdf:

>   > 0x00008000|0x001f8000

>   > gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvBaseAddress|gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvSize

> 

> For ArmVirtQemu, the resulting virtual mapping looks roughly like:

> - [0, 4K)       : flash, unmapped

> - [4K, 2M)      : flash, mapped as WB+X RAM

> - [2M, 64M)     : flash, unmapped

> - [64M, 128M)   : varstore flash, will be mapped by the NOR flash driver

> - [128M, 256M)  : peripherals, mapped as device

> - [256M, 1GB)   : 32-bit MMIO aperture, translated IO aperture, ECAM,

>                   will be mapped by the PCI host bridge driver

> - [1GB, ...)    : RAM, mapped.

> 

> After this change, any inadvertent read or write from/to the first

> physical page will trigger a translation fault inside the guest,

> regardless of the nature of the instruction, without crashing QEMU.

> 

> Contributed-under: TianoCore Contribution Agreement 1.1

> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

> ---

>  ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf    |  4 ++--

>  ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf |  2 ++

>  ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c      | 23 ++++++++++++++------

>  3 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

> 

> diff --git a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf

> index 5c5b841051ad..b6abc52531a8 100644

> --- a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf

> +++ b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf

> @@ -39,9 +39,9 @@ [LibraryClasses]

>    PcdLib

>  

>  [Pcd]

> -  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFdBaseAddress

> +  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvBaseAddress

>    gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSystemMemoryBase

>    gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSystemMemorySize

>  

>  [FixedPcd]

> -  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFdSize

> +  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvSize

> diff --git a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf

> index d12089760b22..16802c5c414b 100644

> --- a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf

> +++ b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf

> @@ -43,9 +43,11 @@ [LibraryClasses]

>  

>  [Pcd]

>    gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFdBaseAddress

> +  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvBaseAddress

>    gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSystemMemoryBase

>    gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSystemMemorySize

>  

>  [FixedPcd]

>    gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFdSize

> +  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvSize

>    gArmVirtTokenSpaceGuid.PcdDeviceTreeInitialBaseAddress

> diff --git a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c

> index 0285a11b1d77..a26b2fbad9be 100644

> --- a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c

> +++ b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c

> @@ -21,6 +21,15 @@

>  // Number of Virtual Memory Map Descriptors

>  #define MAX_VIRTUAL_MEMORY_MAP_DESCRIPTORS          5

>  

> +//

> +// mach-virt's core peripherals such as the UART, the GIC and the RTC are

> +// all mapped in the 'miscellaneous device I/O' region, which we just map

> +// in its entirety rather than device by device. Note that it does not

> +// cover any of the NOR flash banks or PCI resource windows.

> +//

> +#define MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_BASE       0x08000000

> +#define MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_SIZE       SIZE_128MB

> +

>  /**

>    Return the Virtual Memory Map of your platform

>  

> @@ -66,16 +75,16 @@ ArmVirtGetMemoryMap (

>        VirtualMemoryTable[0].VirtualBase,

>        VirtualMemoryTable[0].Length));

>  

> -  // Peripheral space before DRAM

> -  VirtualMemoryTable[1].PhysicalBase = 0x0;

> -  VirtualMemoryTable[1].VirtualBase  = 0x0;

> -  VirtualMemoryTable[1].Length       = VirtualMemoryTable[0].PhysicalBase;

> +  // Memory mapped peripherals (UART, RTC, GIC, virtio-mmio, etc)

> +  VirtualMemoryTable[1].PhysicalBase = MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_BASE;

> +  VirtualMemoryTable[1].VirtualBase  = MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_BASE;

> +  VirtualMemoryTable[1].Length       = MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_SIZE;

>    VirtualMemoryTable[1].Attributes   = ARM_MEMORY_REGION_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE;

>  

> -  // Remap the FD region as normal executable memory

> -  VirtualMemoryTable[2].PhysicalBase = PcdGet64 (PcdFdBaseAddress);

> +  // Map the FV region as normal executable memory

> +  VirtualMemoryTable[2].PhysicalBase = PcdGet64 (PcdFvBaseAddress);

>    VirtualMemoryTable[2].VirtualBase  = VirtualMemoryTable[2].PhysicalBase;

> -  VirtualMemoryTable[2].Length       = FixedPcdGet32 (PcdFdSize);

> +  VirtualMemoryTable[2].Length       = FixedPcdGet32 (PcdFvSize);

>    VirtualMemoryTable[2].Attributes   = ARM_MEMORY_REGION_ATTRIBUTE_WRITE_BACK;

>  

>    // End of Table

> 


Reviewed-by: Laszlo Ersek <lersek@redhat.com>


Thanks!
Laszlo
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Patch

diff --git a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf
index 5c5b841051ad..b6abc52531a8 100644
--- a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf
+++ b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.inf
@@ -39,9 +39,9 @@  [LibraryClasses]
   PcdLib
 
 [Pcd]
-  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFdBaseAddress
+  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvBaseAddress
   gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSystemMemoryBase
   gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSystemMemorySize
 
 [FixedPcd]
-  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFdSize
+  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvSize
diff --git a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf
index d12089760b22..16802c5c414b 100644
--- a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf
+++ b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoPeiLib.inf
@@ -43,9 +43,11 @@  [LibraryClasses]
 
 [Pcd]
   gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFdBaseAddress
+  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvBaseAddress
   gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSystemMemoryBase
   gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSystemMemorySize
 
 [FixedPcd]
   gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFdSize
+  gArmTokenSpaceGuid.PcdFvSize
   gArmVirtTokenSpaceGuid.PcdDeviceTreeInitialBaseAddress
diff --git a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c
index 0285a11b1d77..a26b2fbad9be 100644
--- a/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c
+++ b/ArmVirtPkg/Library/QemuVirtMemInfoLib/QemuVirtMemInfoLib.c
@@ -21,6 +21,15 @@ 
 // Number of Virtual Memory Map Descriptors
 #define MAX_VIRTUAL_MEMORY_MAP_DESCRIPTORS          5
 
+//
+// mach-virt's core peripherals such as the UART, the GIC and the RTC are
+// all mapped in the 'miscellaneous device I/O' region, which we just map
+// in its entirety rather than device by device. Note that it does not
+// cover any of the NOR flash banks or PCI resource windows.
+//
+#define MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_BASE       0x08000000
+#define MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_SIZE       SIZE_128MB
+
 /**
   Return the Virtual Memory Map of your platform
 
@@ -66,16 +75,16 @@  ArmVirtGetMemoryMap (
       VirtualMemoryTable[0].VirtualBase,
       VirtualMemoryTable[0].Length));
 
-  // Peripheral space before DRAM
-  VirtualMemoryTable[1].PhysicalBase = 0x0;
-  VirtualMemoryTable[1].VirtualBase  = 0x0;
-  VirtualMemoryTable[1].Length       = VirtualMemoryTable[0].PhysicalBase;
+  // Memory mapped peripherals (UART, RTC, GIC, virtio-mmio, etc)
+  VirtualMemoryTable[1].PhysicalBase = MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_BASE;
+  VirtualMemoryTable[1].VirtualBase  = MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_BASE;
+  VirtualMemoryTable[1].Length       = MACH_VIRT_PERIPH_SIZE;
   VirtualMemoryTable[1].Attributes   = ARM_MEMORY_REGION_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE;
 
-  // Remap the FD region as normal executable memory
-  VirtualMemoryTable[2].PhysicalBase = PcdGet64 (PcdFdBaseAddress);
+  // Map the FV region as normal executable memory
+  VirtualMemoryTable[2].PhysicalBase = PcdGet64 (PcdFvBaseAddress);
   VirtualMemoryTable[2].VirtualBase  = VirtualMemoryTable[2].PhysicalBase;
-  VirtualMemoryTable[2].Length       = FixedPcdGet32 (PcdFdSize);
+  VirtualMemoryTable[2].Length       = FixedPcdGet32 (PcdFvSize);
   VirtualMemoryTable[2].Attributes   = ARM_MEMORY_REGION_ATTRIBUTE_WRITE_BACK;
 
   // End of Table