[v3] net: ipv4: move tcp_fastopen server side code to SipHash library

Message ID 20190617080933.32152-1-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
State New
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  • [v3] net: ipv4: move tcp_fastopen server side code to SipHash library
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Commit Message

Ard Biesheuvel June 17, 2019, 8:09 a.m.
Using a bare block cipher in non-crypto code is almost always a bad idea,
not only for security reasons (and we've seen some examples of this in
the kernel in the past), but also for performance reasons.

In the TCP fastopen case, we call into the bare AES block cipher one or
two times (depending on whether the connection is IPv4 or IPv6). On most
systems, this results in a call chain such as

  crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(ctx, dst, src)
    crypto_cipher_crt(tfm)->cit_encrypt_one(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm), ...);
      aesni_encrypt
        kernel_fpu_begin();
        aesni_enc(ctx, dst, src); // asm routine
        kernel_fpu_end();

It is highly unlikely that the use of special AES instructions has a
benefit in this case, especially since we are doing the above twice
for IPv6 connections, instead of using a transform which can process
the entire input in one go.

We could switch to the cbcmac(aes) shash, which would at least get
rid of the duplicated overhead in *some* cases (i.e., today, only
arm64 has an accelerated implementation of cbcmac(aes), while x86 will
end up using the generic cbcmac template wrapping the AES-NI cipher,
which basically ends up doing exactly the above). However, in the given
context, it makes more sense to use a light-weight MAC algorithm that
is more suitable for the purpose at hand, such as SipHash.

Since the output size of SipHash already matches our chosen value for
TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE, and given that it accepts arbitrary input
sizes, this greatly simplifies the code as well.

NOTE: Server farms backing a single server IP for load balancing purposes
      and sharing a single fastopen key will be adversely affected by
      this change unless all systems in the pool receive their kernel
      upgrades at the same time.

Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

---
v3: mention potential deployment issues for server farms in commit log
    remove CONFIG_INET Kconfig dependency on CRYPTO_AES

v2: rebase onto net-next
    reverse order of operands in BUILD_BUG_ON() comparison expression

 include/linux/tcp.h     |  7 +-
 include/net/tcp.h       | 10 +-
 net/Kconfig             |  2 -
 net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c | 97 +++++++-------------
 4 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 80 deletions(-)

-- 
2.20.1

Comments

Eric Dumazet June 17, 2019, 5 p.m. | #1
On 6/17/19 1:09 AM, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> Using a bare block cipher in non-crypto code is almost always a bad idea,

> not only for security reasons (and we've seen some examples of this in

> the kernel in the past), but also for performance reasons.

> 

> In the TCP fastopen case, we call into the bare AES block cipher one or

> two times (depending on whether the connection is IPv4 or IPv6). On most

> systems, this results in a call chain such as

> 

>   crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(ctx, dst, src)

>     crypto_cipher_crt(tfm)->cit_encrypt_one(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm), ...);

>       aesni_encrypt

>         kernel_fpu_begin();

>         aesni_enc(ctx, dst, src); // asm routine

>         kernel_fpu_end();

> 

> It is highly unlikely that the use of special AES instructions has a

> benefit in this case, especially since we are doing the above twice

> for IPv6 connections, instead of using a transform which can process

> the entire input in one go.

> 

> We could switch to the cbcmac(aes) shash, which would at least get

> rid of the duplicated overhead in *some* cases (i.e., today, only

> arm64 has an accelerated implementation of cbcmac(aes), while x86 will

> end up using the generic cbcmac template wrapping the AES-NI cipher,

> which basically ends up doing exactly the above). However, in the given

> context, it makes more sense to use a light-weight MAC algorithm that

> is more suitable for the purpose at hand, such as SipHash.

> 

> Since the output size of SipHash already matches our chosen value for

> TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE, and given that it accepts arbitrary input

> sizes, this greatly simplifies the code as well.

> 

> NOTE: Server farms backing a single server IP for load balancing purposes

>       and sharing a single fastopen key will be adversely affected by

>       this change unless all systems in the pool receive their kernel

>       upgrades at the same time.

> 

> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

> ---


All our fastopen packetdrill tests pass (after I changed all the cookie values in them)

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>

Patch

diff --git a/include/linux/tcp.h b/include/linux/tcp.h
index c23019a3b264..9ea0e71f5c6a 100644
--- a/include/linux/tcp.h
+++ b/include/linux/tcp.h
@@ -58,12 +58,7 @@  static inline unsigned int tcp_optlen(const struct sk_buff *skb)
 
 /* TCP Fast Open Cookie as stored in memory */
 struct tcp_fastopen_cookie {
-	union {
-		u8	val[TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX];
-#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6)
-		struct in6_addr addr;
-#endif
-	};
+	u64	val[TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX / sizeof(u64)];
 	s8	len;
 	bool	exp;	/* In RFC6994 experimental option format */
 };
diff --git a/include/net/tcp.h b/include/net/tcp.h
index 96e0e53ff440..184930b02779 100644
--- a/include/net/tcp.h
+++ b/include/net/tcp.h
@@ -1628,9 +1628,9 @@  bool tcp_fastopen_defer_connect(struct sock *sk, int *err);
 
 /* Fastopen key context */
 struct tcp_fastopen_context {
-	struct crypto_cipher	*tfm[TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX];
-	__u8			key[TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_BUF_LENGTH];
-	struct rcu_head		rcu;
+	__u8		key[TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX][TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH];
+	int		num;
+	struct rcu_head	rcu;
 };
 
 extern unsigned int sysctl_tcp_fastopen_blackhole_timeout;
@@ -1665,9 +1665,7 @@  bool tcp_fastopen_cookie_match(const struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc,
 static inline
 int tcp_fastopen_context_len(const struct tcp_fastopen_context *ctx)
 {
-	if (ctx->tfm[1])
-		return 2;
-	return 1;
+	return ctx->num;
 }
 
 /* Latencies incurred by various limits for a sender. They are
diff --git a/net/Kconfig b/net/Kconfig
index d122f53c6fa2..57f51a279ad6 100644
--- a/net/Kconfig
+++ b/net/Kconfig
@@ -67,8 +67,6 @@  source "net/xdp/Kconfig"
 
 config INET
 	bool "TCP/IP networking"
-	select CRYPTO
-	select CRYPTO_AES
 	---help---
 	  These are the protocols used on the Internet and on most local
 	  Ethernets. It is highly recommended to say Y here (this will enlarge
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c
index 7d19fa4c8121..46b67128e1ca 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/tcp.h>
 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
 #include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/siphash.h>
 #include <net/inetpeer.h>
 #include <net/tcp.h>
 
@@ -37,14 +38,8 @@  static void tcp_fastopen_ctx_free(struct rcu_head *head)
 {
 	struct tcp_fastopen_context *ctx =
 	    container_of(head, struct tcp_fastopen_context, rcu);
-	int i;
 
-	/* We own ctx, thus no need to hold the Fastopen-lock */
-	for (i = 0; i < TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX; i++) {
-		if (ctx->tfm[i])
-			crypto_free_cipher(ctx->tfm[i]);
-	}
-	kfree(ctx);
+	kzfree(ctx);
 }
 
 void tcp_fastopen_destroy_cipher(struct sock *sk)
@@ -72,41 +67,6 @@  void tcp_fastopen_ctx_destroy(struct net *net)
 		call_rcu(&ctxt->rcu, tcp_fastopen_ctx_free);
 }
 
-static struct tcp_fastopen_context *tcp_fastopen_alloc_ctx(void *primary_key,
-							   void *backup_key,
-							   unsigned int len)
-{
-	struct tcp_fastopen_context *new_ctx;
-	void *key = primary_key;
-	int err, i;
-
-	new_ctx = kmalloc(sizeof(*new_ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!new_ctx)
-		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-	for (i = 0; i < TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX; i++)
-		new_ctx->tfm[i] = NULL;
-	for (i = 0; i < (backup_key ? 2 : 1); i++) {
-		new_ctx->tfm[i] = crypto_alloc_cipher("aes", 0, 0);
-		if (IS_ERR(new_ctx->tfm[i])) {
-			err = PTR_ERR(new_ctx->tfm[i]);
-			new_ctx->tfm[i] = NULL;
-			pr_err("TCP: TFO aes cipher alloc error: %d\n", err);
-			goto out;
-		}
-		err = crypto_cipher_setkey(new_ctx->tfm[i], key, len);
-		if (err) {
-			pr_err("TCP: TFO cipher key error: %d\n", err);
-			goto out;
-		}
-		memcpy(&new_ctx->key[i * TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH], key, len);
-		key = backup_key;
-	}
-	return new_ctx;
-out:
-	tcp_fastopen_ctx_free(&new_ctx->rcu);
-	return ERR_PTR(err);
-}
-
 int tcp_fastopen_reset_cipher(struct net *net, struct sock *sk,
 			      void *primary_key, void *backup_key,
 			      unsigned int len)
@@ -115,11 +75,20 @@  int tcp_fastopen_reset_cipher(struct net *net, struct sock *sk,
 	struct fastopen_queue *q;
 	int err = 0;
 
-	ctx = tcp_fastopen_alloc_ctx(primary_key, backup_key, len);
-	if (IS_ERR(ctx)) {
-		err = PTR_ERR(ctx);
+	ctx = kmalloc(sizeof(*ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!ctx) {
+		err = -ENOMEM;
 		goto out;
 	}
+
+	memcpy(ctx->key[0], primary_key, len);
+	if (backup_key) {
+		memcpy(ctx->key[1], backup_key, len);
+		ctx->num = 2;
+	} else {
+		ctx->num = 1;
+	}
+
 	spin_lock(&net->ipv4.tcp_fastopen_ctx_lock);
 	if (sk) {
 		q = &inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue.fastopenq;
@@ -141,31 +110,30 @@  int tcp_fastopen_reset_cipher(struct net *net, struct sock *sk,
 
 static bool __tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen_cipher(struct request_sock *req,
 					     struct sk_buff *syn,
-					     struct crypto_cipher *tfm,
+					     const u8 *key,
 					     struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc)
 {
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH != sizeof(siphash_key_t));
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE != sizeof(u64));
+
 	if (req->rsk_ops->family == AF_INET) {
 		const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(syn);
-		__be32 path[4] = { iph->saddr, iph->daddr, 0, 0 };
 
-		crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(tfm, foc->val, (void *)path);
+		foc->val[0] = siphash(&iph->saddr,
+				      sizeof(iph->saddr) +
+				      sizeof(iph->daddr),
+				      (const siphash_key_t *)key);
 		foc->len = TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE;
 		return true;
 	}
-
 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6)
 	if (req->rsk_ops->family == AF_INET6) {
 		const struct ipv6hdr *ip6h = ipv6_hdr(syn);
-		struct tcp_fastopen_cookie tmp;
-		struct in6_addr *buf;
-		int i;
-
-		crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(tfm, tmp.val,
-					  (void *)&ip6h->saddr);
-		buf = &tmp.addr;
-		for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
-			buf->s6_addr32[i] ^= ip6h->daddr.s6_addr32[i];
-		crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(tfm, foc->val, (void *)buf);
+
+		foc->val[0] = siphash(&ip6h->saddr,
+				      sizeof(ip6h->saddr) +
+				      sizeof(ip6h->daddr),
+				      (const siphash_key_t *)key);
 		foc->len = TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE;
 		return true;
 	}
@@ -173,11 +141,8 @@  static bool __tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen_cipher(struct request_sock *req,
 	return false;
 }
 
-/* Generate the fastopen cookie by doing aes128 encryption on both
- * the source and destination addresses. Pad 0s for IPv4 or IPv4-mapped-IPv6
- * addresses. For the longer IPv6 addresses use CBC-MAC.
- *
- * XXX (TFO) - refactor when TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE != AES_BLOCK_SIZE.
+/* Generate the fastopen cookie by applying SipHash to both the source and
+ * destination addresses.
  */
 static void tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen(struct sock *sk,
 				    struct request_sock *req,
@@ -189,7 +154,7 @@  static void tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen(struct sock *sk,
 	rcu_read_lock();
 	ctx = tcp_fastopen_get_ctx(sk);
 	if (ctx)
-		__tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen_cipher(req, syn, ctx->tfm[0], foc);
+		__tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen_cipher(req, syn, ctx->key[0], foc);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 }
 
@@ -253,7 +218,7 @@  static int tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen_check(struct sock *sk,
 	if (!ctx)
 		goto out;
 	for (i = 0; i < tcp_fastopen_context_len(ctx); i++) {
-		__tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen_cipher(req, syn, ctx->tfm[i], foc);
+		__tcp_fastopen_cookie_gen_cipher(req, syn, ctx->key[i], foc);
 		if (tcp_fastopen_cookie_match(foc, orig)) {
 			ret = i + 1;
 			goto out;