[v6,2/3] uacce: add uacce driver

Message ID 1571214873-27359-3-git-send-email-zhangfei.gao@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Untitled series #24161
Related show

Commit Message

zhangfei Oct. 16, 2019, 8:34 a.m.
From: Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>


Uacce (Unified/User-space-access-intended Accelerator Framework) targets to
provide Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA) between accelerators and processes.
So accelerator can access any data structure of the main cpu.
This differs from the data sharing between cpu and io device, which share
data content rather than address.
Since unified address, hardware and user space of process can share the
same virtual address in the communication.

Uacce create a chrdev for every registration, the queue is allocated to
the process when the chrdev is opened. Then the process can access the
hardware resource by interact with the queue file. By mmap the queue
file space to user space, the process can directly put requests to the
hardware without syscall to the kernel space.

Signed-off-by: Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>

Signed-off-by: Zaibo Xu <xuzaibo@huawei.com>

Signed-off-by: Zhou Wang <wangzhou1@hisilicon.com>

Signed-off-by: Zhangfei Gao <zhangfei.gao@linaro.org>

---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce |  65 ++
 drivers/misc/Kconfig                         |   1 +
 drivers/misc/Makefile                        |   1 +
 drivers/misc/uacce/Kconfig                   |  13 +
 drivers/misc/uacce/Makefile                  |   2 +
 drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c                   | 995 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/uacce.h                        | 168 +++++
 include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h              |  41 ++
 8 files changed, 1286 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce
 create mode 100644 drivers/misc/uacce/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 drivers/misc/uacce/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/uacce.h
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h

-- 
2.7.4

Comments

Jean-Philippe Brucker Oct. 16, 2019, 5:28 p.m. | #1
Hi,

I have a few comments on the overall design and some implementation
details below.

Could you also Cc iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org on your next posting?
I'm sure some subscribers would be interested and I don't think many
people know about linux-accelerators yet.

On Wed, Oct 16, 2019 at 04:34:32PM +0800, Zhangfei Gao wrote:
> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce

> new file mode 100644

> index 0000000..e48333c

> --- /dev/null

> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce

> @@ -0,0 +1,65 @@

> +What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/id


Should probably be /sys/class/uacce/<dev_name>/ if we want the API to be
used by other drivers.

[...]
> +static int uacce_queue_map_qfr(struct uacce_queue *q,

> +			       struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)

> +{

> +	struct device *dev = q->uacce->pdev;

> +	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);

> +	int i, j, ret;

> +

> +	if (!(qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_MAP) || (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA))

> +		return 0;

> +

> +	if (!domain)

> +		return -ENODEV;

> +

> +	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++) {

> +		ret = iommu_map(domain, qfr->iova + i * PAGE_SIZE,

> +				page_to_phys(qfr->pages[i]),

> +				PAGE_SIZE, qfr->prot | q->uacce->prot);

> +		if (ret)

> +			goto err_with_map_pages;

> +

> +		get_page(qfr->pages[i]);


I guess we need this reference when coming from UACCE_CMD_SHARE_SVAS?
Otherwise we should already get one from alloc_page().

[...]
> +static int uacce_qfr_alloc_pages(struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)

> +{

> +	int i, j;

> +

> +	qfr->pages = kcalloc(qfr->nr_pages, sizeof(*qfr->pages), GFP_ATOMIC);


Why GFP_ATOMIC and not GFP_KERNEL?  GFP_ATOMIC is used all over this file
but there doesn't seem to be any non-sleepable context.

> +	if (!qfr->pages)

> +		return -ENOMEM;

> +

> +	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++) {

> +		qfr->pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_ZERO);


Is it worth copying __iommu_dma_alloc_pages() here - using
alloc_pages_node() to allocate memory close to the device and to allocate
compound pages if possible?

Also, do we need GFP_USER here?


More generally, it would be nice to use the DMA API when SVA isn't
supported, instead of manually allocating and mapping memory with
iommu_map(). Do we only handcraft these functions in order to have VA ==
IOVA?  On its own it doesn't seem like a strong enough reason to avoid the
DMA API.

SVA simplifies DMA memory management and enables core mm features for DMA
such as demand paging. VA == IOVA is just a natural consequence. But in
the !SVA mode, the userspace library does need to create DMA mappings
itself. So, since it has special cases for !SVA, it could easily get the
IOVA of a DMA buffer from the kernel using another ioctl.

[...]
> +static struct uacce_qfile_region *

> +uacce_create_region(struct uacce_queue *q, struct vm_area_struct *vma,

> +		    enum uacce_qfrt type, unsigned int flags)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> +	unsigned long vm_pgoff;

> +	int ret = -ENOMEM;

> +

> +	qfr = kzalloc(sizeof(*qfr), GFP_ATOMIC);

> +	if (!qfr)

> +		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

> +

> +	qfr->type = type;

> +	qfr->flags = flags;

> +	qfr->iova = vma->vm_start;

> +	qfr->nr_pages = vma_pages(vma);

> +

> +	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)

> +		qfr->prot |= IOMMU_READ;

> +

> +	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)

> +		qfr->prot |= IOMMU_WRITE;

> +

> +	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT) {

> +		if (!uacce->ops->mmap) {

> +			ret = -EINVAL;

> +			goto err_with_qfr;

> +		}

> +

> +		ret = uacce->ops->mmap(q, vma, qfr);

> +		if (ret)

> +			goto err_with_qfr;

> +		return qfr;

> +	}


I wish the SVA and !SVA paths were less interleaved. Both models are
fundamentally different:

* Without SVA you cannot share the device between multiple processes. All
  DMA mappings are in the "main", non-PASID address space of the device.

  Note that process isolation without SVA could be achieved with the
  auxiliary domains IOMMU API (introduced primarily for vfio-mdev) but
  this is not the model chosen here.

* With SVA you can share the device between multiple processes. But if the
  process can somehow program its portion of the device to access the main
  address space, you loose isolation. Only the kernel must be able to
  program and access the main address space.

When interleaving both code paths it's easy to make a mistake and loose
this isolation. Although I think this code is correct, it took me some
time to understand that we never end up calling dma_alloc or iommu_map
when using SVA. Might be worth at least adding a check that if
UACCE_DEV_SVA, then we never end up in the bottom part of this function.

> +

> +	/* allocate memory */

> +	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA) {


At the moment UACCE_QFRF_DMA is never set, so there is a lot of unused and
possibly untested code in this file. I think it would be simpler to choose
between either DMA API or unmanaged IOMMU domains and stick with it. As
said before, I'd prefer DMA API.

> +		qfr->kaddr = dma_alloc_coherent(uacce->pdev,

> +						qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT,

> +						&qfr->dma, GFP_KERNEL);

> +		if (!qfr->kaddr) {

> +			ret = -ENOMEM;

> +			goto err_with_qfr;

> +		}

> +	} else {

> +		ret = uacce_qfr_alloc_pages(qfr);

> +		if (ret)

> +			goto err_with_qfr;

> +	}

> +

> +	/* map to device */

> +	ret = uacce_queue_map_qfr(q, qfr);


Worth moving into the else above.

[...]
> +static long uacce_cmd_share_qfr(struct uacce_queue *tgt, int fd)

> +{

> +	struct file *filep;

> +	struct uacce_queue *src;

> +	int ret = -EINVAL;

> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	if (tgt->state != UACCE_Q_STARTED)

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +

> +	filep = fget(fd);

> +	if (!filep)

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +

> +	if (filep->f_op != &uacce_fops)

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	src = filep->private_data;

> +	if (!src)

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	if (tgt->uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	if (!src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS] || tgt->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS])

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	ret = uacce_queue_map_qfr(tgt, src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS]);


I don't understand what this ioctl does. The function duplicates the
static mappings from one queue to another, right?  But static mappings are
a !SVA thing and currently on !SVA a single queue can be opened at a time.
In addition, unless the two queues belong to different devices, they would
share the same IOMMU domain and the mappings would already exist, so you
don't need to call uacce_queue_map_qfr() again.

[...]
> +static long uacce_put_queue(struct uacce_queue *q)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	if ((q->state == UACCE_Q_STARTED) && uacce->ops->stop_queue)

> +		uacce->ops->stop_queue(q);

> +

> +	if ((q->state == UACCE_Q_INIT || q->state == UACCE_Q_STARTED) &&

> +	     uacce->ops->put_queue)

> +		uacce->ops->put_queue(q);

> +

> +	q->state = UACCE_Q_ZOMBIE;


Since the PUT_Q ioctl makes the queue unrecoverable, why should userspace
invoke it instead of immediately calling close()?

[...]
> +static int uacce_dev_open_check(struct uacce_device *uacce)

> +{

> +	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		return 0;

> +

> +	/*

> +	 * The device can be opened once if it does not support pasid

> +	 */

> +	if (kref_read(&uacce->cdev->kobj.kref) > 2)


Why 2?  It doesn't feel right to access the cdev internals for this, could
we just have a ref uacce->opened for this purpose?

> +		return -EBUSY;

> +

> +	return 0;

> +}

> +

> +static int uacce_fops_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_queue *q;

> +	struct iommu_sva *handle = NULL;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce;

> +	int ret;

> +	int pasid = 0;

> +

> +	uacce = idr_find(&uacce_idr, iminor(inode));

> +	if (!uacce)

> +		return -ENODEV;

> +

> +	if (!try_module_get(uacce->pdev->driver->owner))

> +		return -ENODEV;

> +

> +	ret = uacce_dev_open_check(uacce);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto out_with_module;

> +

> +	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +		handle = iommu_sva_bind_device(uacce->pdev, current->mm, NULL);

> +		if (IS_ERR(handle))

> +			goto out_with_module;

> +		pasid = iommu_sva_get_pasid(handle);


We need to register an mm_exit callback. Once we return, userspace will
start running jobs on the accelerator. If the process is killed while the
accelerator is running, the mm_exit callback tells the device driver to
stop using this PASID (stop_queue()), so that it can be reallocated for
another process.

Implementing this with the right locking and ordering can be tricky. I'll
try to implement the callback and test it on the device this week.

[...]
> +static int uacce_fops_mmap(struct file *filep, struct vm_area_struct *vma)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_queue *q = filep->private_data;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> +	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;

> +	enum uacce_qfrt type = 0;

> +	unsigned int flags = 0;

> +	int ret;

> +

> +	if (vma->vm_pgoff < UACCE_QFRT_MAX)

> +		type = vma->vm_pgoff;

> +

> +	vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTCOPY | VM_DONTEXPAND;

> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	/* fixme: if the region need no pages, we don't need to check it */

> +	if (q->mm->data_vm + vma_pages(vma) >

> +	    rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA) >> PAGE_SHIFT) {


Doesn't may_expand_vm() do the job already?

> +		ret = -ENOMEM;

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +	}

> +

> +	if (q->qfrs[type]) {

> +		ret = -EBUSY;

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +	}

> +

> +	switch (type) {

> +	case UACCE_QFRT_MMIO:

> +		flags = UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT;

> +		break;

> +

> +	case UACCE_QFRT_SS:

> +		if (q->state != UACCE_Q_STARTED) {

> +			ret = -EINVAL;

> +			goto out_with_lock;

> +		}

> +

> +		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +			ret = -EINVAL;

> +			goto out_with_lock;

> +		}

> +

> +		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_MMAP;

> +

> +		break;

> +

> +	case UACCE_QFRT_DKO:

> +		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +			ret = -EINVAL;

> +			goto out_with_lock;

> +		}

> +

> +		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_KMAP;

> +

> +		break;

> +

> +	case UACCE_QFRT_DUS:

> +		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +			flags = UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT;

> +			break;

> +		}

> +

> +		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_MMAP;

> +		break;

> +

> +	default:

> +		WARN_ON(&uacce->dev);

> +		break;

> +	}

> +

> +	qfr = uacce_create_region(q, vma, type, flags);


Don't we need to setup a a vma->vm_ops->close callback, to remove this
region on munmap()?

> +	if (IS_ERR(qfr)) {

> +		ret = PTR_ERR(qfr);

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +	}

> +	q->qfrs[type] = qfr;

> +

> +	if (type == UACCE_QFRT_SS) {

> +		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&qfr->qs);

> +		list_add(&q->list, &q->qfrs[type]->qs);

> +	}

> +

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	if (qfr->pages)

> +		q->mm->data_vm += qfr->nr_pages;


This too should be done by the core already.

[...]
> +/* Borrowed from VFIO to fix msi translation */

> +static bool uacce_iommu_has_sw_msi(struct iommu_group *group,


Sharing the same functions would be nicer.

[...]
> +struct uacce_device *uacce_register(struct device *parent,

> +				    struct uacce_interface *interface)

> +{

> +	int ret;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce;

> +	unsigned int flags = interface->flags;

> +

> +	uacce = kzalloc(sizeof(struct uacce_device), GFP_KERNEL);

> +	if (!uacce)

> +		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

> +

> +	if (flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +		ret = iommu_dev_enable_feature(parent, IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA);

> +		if (ret)

> +			flags &= ~UACCE_DEV_SVA;

> +	}

> +

> +	uacce->pdev = parent;

> +	uacce->flags = flags;

> +	uacce->ops = interface->ops;

> +

> +	ret = uacce_set_iommu_domain(uacce);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto err_free;

> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	ret = idr_alloc(&uacce_idr, uacce, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);

> +	if (ret < 0)

> +		goto err_with_lock;

> +

> +	uacce->cdev = cdev_alloc();


Need to check the return value.

> +	uacce->cdev->ops = &uacce_fops;

> +	uacce->dev_id = ret;

> +	uacce->cdev->owner = THIS_MODULE;

> +	device_initialize(&uacce->dev);

> +	uacce->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(uacce_devt), uacce->dev_id);

> +	uacce->dev.class = uacce_class;

> +	uacce->dev.groups = uacce_dev_groups;

> +	uacce->dev.parent = uacce->pdev;

> +	uacce->dev.release = uacce_release;

> +	dev_set_name(&uacce->dev, "%s-%d", interface->name, uacce->dev_id);

> +	ret = cdev_device_add(uacce->cdev, &uacce->dev);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto err_with_idr;

> +

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);


We published the new device into /dev/ and /sys/ even though the uacce
structure has yet to be completed by the caller (for example qf_pg_size,
api_ver, etc). Maybe we can add an initializer to uacce_ops so we can
publish a complete structure?

> +

> +	return uacce;

> +

> +err_with_idr:

> +	idr_remove(&uacce_idr, uacce->dev_id);

> +err_with_lock:

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +	uacce_unset_iommu_domain(uacce);

> +err_free:

> +	if (flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		iommu_dev_disable_feature(uacce->pdev, IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA);

> +	kfree(uacce);

> +	return ERR_PTR(ret);

> +}

> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uacce_register);

> +

> +/**

> + * uacce_unregister - unregisters an accelerator

> + * @uacce: the accelerator to unregister

> + */

> +void uacce_unregister(struct uacce_device *uacce)

> +{

> +	if (uacce == NULL)

> +		return;

> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);


Are we certain that no open queue remains?

> +

> +	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		iommu_dev_disable_feature(uacce->pdev, IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA);

> +

> +	uacce_unset_iommu_domain(uacce);

> +	cdev_device_del(uacce->cdev, &uacce->dev);

> +	idr_remove(&uacce_idr, uacce->dev_id);

> +	put_device(&uacce->dev);

> +

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +}

> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uacce_unregister);


> diff --git a/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h b/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h

> new file mode 100644

> index 0000000..c859668

> --- /dev/null

> +++ b/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h

> @@ -0,0 +1,41 @@

> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */


Needs to be 
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */

Otherwise headers_install.sh complains on v5.4 (same for the qm UAPI in
patch 3)

> +#ifndef _UAPIUUACCE_H

> +#define _UAPIUUACCE_H

> +

> +#include <linux/types.h>

> +#include <linux/ioctl.h>

> +

> +#define UACCE_CMD_SHARE_SVAS	_IO('W', 0)

> +#define UACCE_CMD_START		_IO('W', 1)

> +#define UACCE_CMD_PUT_Q		_IO('W', 2)


These must be documented.

> +

> +/**

> + * enum uacce_dev_flag: Device flags:

> + * @UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN: no PASID, can share sva for one process

> + * @UACCE_DEV_SVA: Shared Virtual Addresses

> + *		   Support PASID

> + *		   Support device page fault (pcie device) or

> + *		   smmu stall (platform device)


Both stall and PRI are device page faults, so this could say "Support
device page faults (PCI PRI or SMMU Stall)".

> + */

> +enum uacce_dev_flag {

> +	UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN = 0x0,

> +	UACCE_DEV_SVA = 0x1,

> +};


This is a bitmap so UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN will loose its meaning when
adding a new flag. There will be:

	UACCE_DEV_SVA		= 1 << 0,
	UACCE_DEV_NEWFEATURE	= 1 << 1,

Then a value of zero will simply mean "no special feature". I think we
could simply remove UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN now, it's not used.

Thanks,
Jean
Jerome Glisse Oct. 22, 2019, 6:49 p.m. | #2
On Wed, Oct 16, 2019 at 04:34:32PM +0800, Zhangfei Gao wrote:
> From: Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>

> 

> Uacce (Unified/User-space-access-intended Accelerator Framework) targets to

> provide Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA) between accelerators and processes.

> So accelerator can access any data structure of the main cpu.

> This differs from the data sharing between cpu and io device, which share

> data content rather than address.

> Since unified address, hardware and user space of process can share the

> same virtual address in the communication.

> 

> Uacce create a chrdev for every registration, the queue is allocated to

> the process when the chrdev is opened. Then the process can access the

> hardware resource by interact with the queue file. By mmap the queue

> file space to user space, the process can directly put requests to the

> hardware without syscall to the kernel space.


You need to remove all API that is not use by your first driver as
it will most likely bit rot without users. It is way better to add
things when a driver start to make use of it.

I am still not convince of the value of adding a new framework here
with only a single device as an example. It looks similar to some of
the fpga devices. Saddly because framework layering is not something
that exist i guess inventing a new framework is the only answer when
you can not quite fit into an existing one.

More fundamental question is why do you need to change the IOMMU
domain of the device ? I do not see any reason for that unless the
PASID has some restriction on ARM that i do not know of.

I do have multiple comments and point out various serious issues
below.

As it is from my POV it is a NAK. Note that i am not opposing of
adding a new framework, just that you need to trim things down
to what is use by your first driver and you also need to address
the various issues i point out below.

Cheers,
Jérôme

> 

> Signed-off-by: Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>

> Signed-off-by: Zaibo Xu <xuzaibo@huawei.com>

> Signed-off-by: Zhou Wang <wangzhou1@hisilicon.com>

> Signed-off-by: Zhangfei Gao <zhangfei.gao@linaro.org>

> ---

>  Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce |  65 ++

>  drivers/misc/Kconfig                         |   1 +

>  drivers/misc/Makefile                        |   1 +

>  drivers/misc/uacce/Kconfig                   |  13 +

>  drivers/misc/uacce/Makefile                  |   2 +

>  drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c                   | 995 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++

>  include/linux/uacce.h                        | 168 +++++

>  include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h              |  41 ++

>  8 files changed, 1286 insertions(+)

>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce

>  create mode 100644 drivers/misc/uacce/Kconfig

>  create mode 100644 drivers/misc/uacce/Makefile

>  create mode 100644 drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c

>  create mode 100644 include/linux/uacce.h

>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h

> 


[...]

> diff --git a/drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c b/drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c

> new file mode 100644

> index 0000000..534ddc3

> --- /dev/null

> +++ b/drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c

> @@ -0,0 +1,995 @@

> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later

> +#include <linux/compat.h>

> +#include <linux/dma-iommu.h>

> +#include <linux/file.h>

> +#include <linux/irqdomain.h>

> +#include <linux/module.h>

> +#include <linux/poll.h>

> +#include <linux/sched/signal.h>

> +#include <linux/uacce.h>

> +

> +static struct class *uacce_class;

> +static DEFINE_IDR(uacce_idr);

> +static dev_t uacce_devt;

> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(uacce_mutex);

> +static const struct file_operations uacce_fops;

> +

> +static int uacce_queue_map_qfr(struct uacce_queue *q,

> +			       struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)

> +{

> +	struct device *dev = q->uacce->pdev;

> +	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);

> +	int i, j, ret;

> +

> +	if (!(qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_MAP) || (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA))

> +		return 0;

> +

> +	if (!domain)

> +		return -ENODEV;

> +

> +	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++) {

> +		ret = iommu_map(domain, qfr->iova + i * PAGE_SIZE,

> +				page_to_phys(qfr->pages[i]),

> +				PAGE_SIZE, qfr->prot | q->uacce->prot);

> +		if (ret)

> +			goto err_with_map_pages;

> +

> +		get_page(qfr->pages[i]);

> +	}

> +

> +	return 0;

> +

> +err_with_map_pages:

> +	for (j = i - 1; j >= 0; j--) {

> +		iommu_unmap(domain, qfr->iova + j * PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);

> +		put_page(qfr->pages[j]);

> +	}

> +	return ret;

> +}

> +

> +static void uacce_queue_unmap_qfr(struct uacce_queue *q,

> +				  struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)

> +{

> +	struct device *dev = q->uacce->pdev;

> +	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);

> +	int i;

> +

> +	if (!domain || !qfr)

> +		return;

> +

> +	if (!(qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_MAP) || (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA))

> +		return;

> +

> +	for (i = qfr->nr_pages - 1; i >= 0; i--) {

> +		iommu_unmap(domain, qfr->iova + i * PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);

> +		put_page(qfr->pages[i]);

> +	}

> +}

> +

> +static int uacce_qfr_alloc_pages(struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)

> +{

> +	int i, j;

> +

> +	qfr->pages = kcalloc(qfr->nr_pages, sizeof(*qfr->pages), GFP_ATOMIC);

> +	if (!qfr->pages)

> +		return -ENOMEM;

> +

> +	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++) {

> +		qfr->pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_ZERO);

> +		if (!qfr->pages[i])

> +			goto err_with_pages;

> +	}

> +

> +	return 0;

> +

> +err_with_pages:

> +	for (j = i - 1; j >= 0; j--)

> +		put_page(qfr->pages[j]);

> +

> +	kfree(qfr->pages);

> +	return -ENOMEM;

> +}

> +

> +static void uacce_qfr_free_pages(struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)

> +{

> +	int i;

> +

> +	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++)

> +		put_page(qfr->pages[i]);

> +

> +	kfree(qfr->pages);

> +}

> +

> +static inline int uacce_queue_mmap_qfr(struct uacce_queue *q,

> +				       struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr,

> +				       struct vm_area_struct *vma)

> +{

> +	int i, ret;

> +

> +	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++) {

> +		ret = remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start + (i << PAGE_SHIFT),

> +				      page_to_pfn(qfr->pages[i]), PAGE_SIZE,

> +				      vma->vm_page_prot);

> +		if (ret)

> +			return ret;

> +	}

> +

> +	return 0;

> +}

> +

> +static struct uacce_qfile_region *

> +uacce_create_region(struct uacce_queue *q, struct vm_area_struct *vma,

> +		    enum uacce_qfrt type, unsigned int flags)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> +	unsigned long vm_pgoff;

> +	int ret = -ENOMEM;

> +

> +	qfr = kzalloc(sizeof(*qfr), GFP_ATOMIC);

> +	if (!qfr)

> +		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

> +

> +	qfr->type = type;

> +	qfr->flags = flags;

> +	qfr->iova = vma->vm_start;

> +	qfr->nr_pages = vma_pages(vma);

> +

> +	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)

> +		qfr->prot |= IOMMU_READ;

> +

> +	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)

> +		qfr->prot |= IOMMU_WRITE;

> +

> +	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT) {

> +		if (!uacce->ops->mmap) {

> +			ret = -EINVAL;

> +			goto err_with_qfr;

> +		}

> +

> +		ret = uacce->ops->mmap(q, vma, qfr);

> +		if (ret)

> +			goto err_with_qfr;

> +		return qfr;

> +	}

> +

> +	/* allocate memory */

> +	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA) {

> +		qfr->kaddr = dma_alloc_coherent(uacce->pdev,

> +						qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT,

> +						&qfr->dma, GFP_KERNEL);

> +		if (!qfr->kaddr) {

> +			ret = -ENOMEM;

> +			goto err_with_qfr;

> +		}

> +	} else {

> +		ret = uacce_qfr_alloc_pages(qfr);

> +		if (ret)

> +			goto err_with_qfr;

> +	}

> +

> +	/* map to device */

> +	ret = uacce_queue_map_qfr(q, qfr);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto err_with_pages;

> +

> +	/* mmap to user space */

> +	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_MMAP) {

> +		if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA) {

> +			/* dma_mmap_coherent() requires vm_pgoff as 0

> +			 * restore vm_pfoff to initial value for mmap()

> +			 */


I would argue that the dma_mmap_coherent() is not the right function
to use here you might be better of doing remap_pfn_range() on your
own.

Working around existing API is not something you want to do, it can
easily break and it makes it harder for people who want to update that
API to not break anyone.

> +			vm_pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff;

> +			vma->vm_pgoff = 0;

> +			ret = dma_mmap_coherent(uacce->pdev, vma, qfr->kaddr,

> +						qfr->dma,

> +						qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT);

> +			vma->vm_pgoff = vm_pgoff;

> +		} else {

> +			ret = uacce_queue_mmap_qfr(q, qfr, vma);

> +		}

> +

> +		if (ret)

> +			goto err_with_mapped_qfr;

> +	}

> +

> +	return qfr;

> +

> +err_with_mapped_qfr:

> +	uacce_queue_unmap_qfr(q, qfr);

> +err_with_pages:

> +	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA)

> +		dma_free_coherent(uacce->pdev, qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT,

> +				  qfr->kaddr, qfr->dma);

> +	else

> +		uacce_qfr_free_pages(qfr);

> +err_with_qfr:

> +	kfree(qfr);

> +

> +	return ERR_PTR(ret);

> +}

> +

> +static void uacce_destroy_region(struct uacce_queue *q,

> +				 struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> +

> +	if (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA) {

> +		dma_free_coherent(uacce->pdev, qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT,

> +				  qfr->kaddr, qfr->dma);

> +	} else if (qfr->pages) {

> +		if (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_KMAP && qfr->kaddr) {

> +			vunmap(qfr->kaddr);

> +			qfr->kaddr = NULL;

> +		}

> +

> +		uacce_qfr_free_pages(qfr);

> +	}

> +	kfree(qfr);

> +}

> +

> +static long uacce_cmd_share_qfr(struct uacce_queue *tgt, int fd)


It would be nice to comment what this function does, AFAICT it tries
to share a region uacce_qfile_region. Anyway this should be remove
altogether as it is not use by your first driver.

> +{

> +	struct file *filep;

> +	struct uacce_queue *src;

> +	int ret = -EINVAL;

> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	if (tgt->state != UACCE_Q_STARTED)

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +

> +	filep = fget(fd);

> +	if (!filep)

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +

> +	if (filep->f_op != &uacce_fops)

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	src = filep->private_data;

> +	if (!src)

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	if (tgt->uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	if (!src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS] || tgt->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS])

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	ret = uacce_queue_map_qfr(tgt, src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS]);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto out_with_fd;

> +

> +	tgt->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS] = src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS];

> +	list_add(&tgt->list, &src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS]->qs);


This list_add() seems bogus as the src->qfrs would already be
on a list so you are corrupting the list it is on.

> +

> +out_with_fd:

> +	fput(filep);

> +out_with_lock:

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +	return ret;

> +}


[...]

> +static long uacce_fops_unl_ioctl(struct file *filep,

> +				 unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)


You need to documents properly all ioctl and also you need to
remove those that are not use by your first driver. They will
just bit rot as we do not know if they will ever be use.

> +{

> +	struct uacce_queue *q = filep->private_data;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> +

> +	switch (cmd) {

> +	case UACCE_CMD_SHARE_SVAS:

> +		return uacce_cmd_share_qfr(q, arg);

> +

> +	case UACCE_CMD_START:

> +		return uacce_start_queue(q);

> +

> +	case UACCE_CMD_PUT_Q:

> +		return uacce_put_queue(q);

> +

> +	default:

> +		if (!uacce->ops->ioctl)

> +			return -EINVAL;

> +

> +		return uacce->ops->ioctl(q, cmd, arg);

> +	}

> +}

> +


[...]

> +

> +static int uacce_dev_open_check(struct uacce_device *uacce)

> +{

> +	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		return 0;

> +

> +	/*

> +	 * The device can be opened once if it does not support pasid

> +	 */

> +	if (kref_read(&uacce->cdev->kobj.kref) > 2)

> +		return -EBUSY;


You do not check if the device support pasid so comments does not
match code. Right now code says that you can not open a device more
than once. Also this check is racy there is no lock protecting the
read.

> +

> +	return 0;

> +}

> +

> +static int uacce_fops_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_queue *q;

> +	struct iommu_sva *handle = NULL;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce;

> +	int ret;

> +	int pasid = 0;

> +

> +	uacce = idr_find(&uacce_idr, iminor(inode));

> +	if (!uacce)

> +		return -ENODEV;

> +

> +	if (!try_module_get(uacce->pdev->driver->owner))

> +		return -ENODEV;

> +

> +	ret = uacce_dev_open_check(uacce);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto out_with_module;

> +

> +	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +		handle = iommu_sva_bind_device(uacce->pdev, current->mm, NULL);

> +		if (IS_ERR(handle))

> +			goto out_with_module;

> +		pasid = iommu_sva_get_pasid(handle);

> +	}


The file descriptor can outlive the mm (through fork) what happens
when the mm dies ? Where is the sva_unbind ? Maybe in iommu code.
At very least a comment should be added explaining what happens.

> +

> +	q = kzalloc(sizeof(struct uacce_queue), GFP_KERNEL);

> +	if (!q) {

> +		ret = -ENOMEM;

> +		goto out_with_module;

> +	}

> +

> +	if (uacce->ops->get_queue) {

> +		ret = uacce->ops->get_queue(uacce, pasid, q);

> +		if (ret < 0)

> +			goto out_with_mem;

> +	}

> +

> +	q->pasid = pasid;

> +	q->handle = handle;

> +	q->uacce = uacce;

> +	q->mm = current->mm;

> +	memset(q->qfrs, 0, sizeof(q->qfrs));

> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->list);

> +	init_waitqueue_head(&q->wait);

> +	filep->private_data = q;

> +	q->state = UACCE_Q_INIT;

> +

> +	return 0;

> +

> +out_with_mem:

> +	kfree(q);

> +out_with_module:

> +	module_put(uacce->pdev->driver->owner);

> +	return ret;

> +}

> +

> +static int uacce_fops_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_queue *q = filep->private_data;

> +	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> +	bool is_to_free_region;

> +	int free_pages = 0;

> +	int i;

> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	if ((q->state == UACCE_Q_STARTED) && uacce->ops->stop_queue)

> +		uacce->ops->stop_queue(q);

> +

> +	for (i = 0; i < UACCE_QFRT_MAX; i++) {

> +		qfr = q->qfrs[i];

> +		if (!qfr)

> +			continue;

> +

> +		is_to_free_region = false;

> +		uacce_queue_unmap_qfr(q, qfr);

> +		if (i == UACCE_QFRT_SS) {

> +			list_del(&q->list);

> +			if (list_empty(&qfr->qs))

> +				is_to_free_region = true;

> +		} else

> +			is_to_free_region = true;

> +

> +		if (is_to_free_region) {

> +			free_pages += qfr->nr_pages;

> +			uacce_destroy_region(q, qfr);

> +		}

> +

> +		qfr = NULL;

> +	}

> +

> +	if (current->mm == q->mm) {

> +		down_write(&q->mm->mmap_sem);

> +		q->mm->data_vm -= free_pages;

> +		up_write(&q->mm->mmap_sem);


This is bogus you do not get any reference on the mm through
mmgrab() so there is nothing protection the q->mm from being
release. Note that you do not want to do mmgrab() in open as
the file descriptor can outlive the mm.

> +	}

> +

> +	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		iommu_sva_unbind_device(q->handle);

> +

> +	if ((q->state == UACCE_Q_INIT || q->state == UACCE_Q_STARTED) &&

> +	     uacce->ops->put_queue)

> +		uacce->ops->put_queue(q);

> +

> +	kfree(q);

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	module_put(uacce->pdev->driver->owner);


As the file can outlive the process it might also outlive the module
maybe you want to keep a reference on the module as part of the region
and release it in uacce_destroy_region()

> +

> +	return 0;

> +}

> +

> +static int uacce_fops_mmap(struct file *filep, struct vm_area_struct *vma)

> +{

> +	struct uacce_queue *q = filep->private_data;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> +	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;

> +	enum uacce_qfrt type = 0;

> +	unsigned int flags = 0;

> +	int ret;

> +

> +	if (vma->vm_pgoff < UACCE_QFRT_MAX)

> +		type = vma->vm_pgoff;

> +

> +	vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTCOPY | VM_DONTEXPAND;


Don't you also want VM_WIPEONFORK ?

> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	/* fixme: if the region need no pages, we don't need to check it */

> +	if (q->mm->data_vm + vma_pages(vma) >

> +	    rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA) >> PAGE_SHIFT) {

> +		ret = -ENOMEM;

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +	}

> +

> +	if (q->qfrs[type]) {

> +		ret = -EBUSY;


What about -EEXIST ? That test checks if a region of given
type already exist for the uacce_queue which is private to
that file descriptor. So it means that userspace which did
open the file is trying to create again the same region type
which already exist.

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +	}

> +

> +	switch (type) {

> +	case UACCE_QFRT_MMIO:

> +		flags = UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT;

> +		break;

> +

> +	case UACCE_QFRT_SS:

> +		if (q->state != UACCE_Q_STARTED) {

> +			ret = -EINVAL;

> +			goto out_with_lock;

> +		}

> +

> +		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +			ret = -EINVAL;

> +			goto out_with_lock;

> +		}

> +

> +		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_MMAP;

> +

> +		break;

> +

> +	case UACCE_QFRT_DKO:

> +		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +			ret = -EINVAL;

> +			goto out_with_lock;

> +		}

> +

> +		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_KMAP;

> +

> +		break;

> +

> +	case UACCE_QFRT_DUS:

> +		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +			flags = UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT;

> +			break;

> +		}

> +

> +		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_MMAP;

> +		break;

> +

> +	default:

> +		WARN_ON(&uacce->dev);

> +		break;

> +	}

> +

> +	qfr = uacce_create_region(q, vma, type, flags);

> +	if (IS_ERR(qfr)) {

> +		ret = PTR_ERR(qfr);

> +		goto out_with_lock;

> +	}

> +	q->qfrs[type] = qfr;

> +

> +	if (type == UACCE_QFRT_SS) {

> +		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&qfr->qs);

> +		list_add(&q->list, &q->qfrs[type]->qs);

> +	}

> +

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	if (qfr->pages)

> +		q->mm->data_vm += qfr->nr_pages;


The mm->data_vm fields is protected by the mmap_sem taken in write
mode AFAIR so what you are doing here is unsafe.

> +

> +	return 0;

> +

> +out_with_lock:

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +	return ret;

> +}

> +


[...]

> +/* Borrowed from VFIO to fix msi translation */

> +static bool uacce_iommu_has_sw_msi(struct iommu_group *group,

> +				   phys_addr_t *base)


I fail to see why you need this in a common framework this
seems to be specific to a device.

> +{

> +	struct list_head group_resv_regions;

> +	struct iommu_resv_region *region, *next;

> +	bool ret = false;

> +

> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&group_resv_regions);

> +	iommu_get_group_resv_regions(group, &group_resv_regions);

> +	list_for_each_entry(region, &group_resv_regions, list) {

> +		/*

> +		 * The presence of any 'real' MSI regions should take

> +		 * precedence over the software-managed one if the

> +		 * IOMMU driver happens to advertise both types.

> +		 */

> +		if (region->type == IOMMU_RESV_MSI) {

> +			ret = false;

> +			break;

> +		}

> +

> +		if (region->type == IOMMU_RESV_SW_MSI) {

> +			*base = region->start;

> +			ret = true;

> +		}

> +	}

> +

> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(region, next, &group_resv_regions, list)

> +		kfree(region);

> +

> +	return ret;

> +}

> +

> +static int uacce_set_iommu_domain(struct uacce_device *uacce)

> +{

> +	struct iommu_domain *domain;

> +	struct iommu_group *group;

> +	struct device *dev = uacce->pdev;

> +	bool resv_msi;

> +	phys_addr_t resv_msi_base = 0;

> +	int ret;

> +

> +	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		return 0;

> +

> +	/* allocate and attach an unmanaged domain */

> +	domain = iommu_domain_alloc(uacce->pdev->bus);

> +	if (!domain) {

> +		dev_err(&uacce->dev, "cannot get domain for iommu\n");

> +		return -ENODEV;

> +	}

> +

> +	ret = iommu_attach_device(domain, uacce->pdev);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto err_with_domain;

> +

> +	if (iommu_capable(dev->bus, IOMMU_CAP_CACHE_COHERENCY))

> +		uacce->prot |= IOMMU_CACHE;

> +

> +	group = iommu_group_get(dev);

> +	if (!group) {

> +		ret = -EINVAL;

> +		goto err_with_domain;

> +	}

> +

> +	resv_msi = uacce_iommu_has_sw_msi(group, &resv_msi_base);

> +	iommu_group_put(group);

> +

> +	if (resv_msi) {

> +		if (!irq_domain_check_msi_remap() &&

> +		    !iommu_capable(dev->bus, IOMMU_CAP_INTR_REMAP)) {

> +			dev_warn(dev, "No interrupt remapping support!");

> +			ret = -EPERM;

> +			goto err_with_domain;

> +		}

> +

> +		ret = iommu_get_msi_cookie(domain, resv_msi_base);

> +		if (ret)

> +			goto err_with_domain;

> +	}

> +

> +	return 0;

> +

> +err_with_domain:

> +	iommu_domain_free(domain);

> +	return ret;

> +}

> +

> +static void uacce_unset_iommu_domain(struct uacce_device *uacce)

> +{

> +	struct iommu_domain *domain;

> +

> +	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		return;

> +

> +	domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(uacce->pdev);

> +	if (!domain) {

> +		dev_err(&uacce->dev, "bug: no domain attached to device\n");

> +		return;

> +	}

> +

> +	iommu_detach_device(domain, uacce->pdev);

> +	iommu_domain_free(domain);

> +}

> +

> +/**

> + * uacce_register - register an accelerator

> + * @parent: pointer of uacce parent device

> + * @interface: pointer of uacce_interface for register

> + */

> +struct uacce_device *uacce_register(struct device *parent,

> +				    struct uacce_interface *interface)

> +{

> +	int ret;

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce;

> +	unsigned int flags = interface->flags;

> +

> +	uacce = kzalloc(sizeof(struct uacce_device), GFP_KERNEL);

> +	if (!uacce)

> +		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

> +

> +	if (flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {

> +		ret = iommu_dev_enable_feature(parent, IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA);

> +		if (ret)

> +			flags &= ~UACCE_DEV_SVA;

> +	}

> +

> +	uacce->pdev = parent;

> +	uacce->flags = flags;

> +	uacce->ops = interface->ops;

> +

> +	ret = uacce_set_iommu_domain(uacce);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto err_free;


Why do you need to change the IOMMU domain ? This is orthogonal to
what you are trying to achieve. Domain has nothing to do with SVA
or userspace queue (at least not on x86 AFAIK).


> +

> +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	ret = idr_alloc(&uacce_idr, uacce, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);

> +	if (ret < 0)

> +		goto err_with_lock;

> +

> +	uacce->cdev = cdev_alloc();

> +	uacce->cdev->ops = &uacce_fops;

> +	uacce->dev_id = ret;

> +	uacce->cdev->owner = THIS_MODULE;

> +	device_initialize(&uacce->dev);

> +	uacce->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(uacce_devt), uacce->dev_id);

> +	uacce->dev.class = uacce_class;

> +	uacce->dev.groups = uacce_dev_groups;

> +	uacce->dev.parent = uacce->pdev;

> +	uacce->dev.release = uacce_release;

> +	dev_set_name(&uacce->dev, "%s-%d", interface->name, uacce->dev_id);

> +	ret = cdev_device_add(uacce->cdev, &uacce->dev);

> +	if (ret)

> +		goto err_with_idr;

> +

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +

> +	return uacce;

> +

> +err_with_idr:

> +	idr_remove(&uacce_idr, uacce->dev_id);

> +err_with_lock:

> +	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);

> +	uacce_unset_iommu_domain(uacce);

> +err_free:

> +	if (flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)

> +		iommu_dev_disable_feature(uacce->pdev, IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA);

> +	kfree(uacce);

> +	return ERR_PTR(ret);

> +}

> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uacce_register);


[...]

> diff --git a/include/linux/uacce.h b/include/linux/uacce.h

> new file mode 100644

> index 0000000..8ce0640

> --- /dev/null

> +++ b/include/linux/uacce.h

> @@ -0,0 +1,168 @@

> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */

> +#ifndef _LINUX_UACCE_H

> +#define _LINUX_UACCE_H

> +

> +#include <linux/cdev.h>

> +#include <uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h>

> +

> +#define UACCE_NAME		"uacce"

> +

> +struct uacce_queue;

> +struct uacce_device;

> +

> +/* uacce queue file flag, requires different operation */

> +#define UACCE_QFRF_MAP		BIT(0)	/* map to current queue */

> +#define UACCE_QFRF_MMAP		BIT(1)	/* map to user space */

> +#define UACCE_QFRF_KMAP		BIT(2)	/* map to kernel space */

> +#define UACCE_QFRF_DMA		BIT(3)	/* use dma api for the region */

> +#define UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT	BIT(4)	/* self maintained qfr */

> +

> +/**

> + * struct uacce_qfile_region - structure of queue file region

> + * @type: type of the qfr

> + * @iova: iova share between user and device space

> + * @pages: pages pointer of the qfr memory

> + * @nr_pages: page numbers of the qfr memory

> + * @prot: qfr protection flag

> + * @flags: flags of qfr

> + * @qs: list sharing the same region, for ss region

> + * @kaddr: kernel addr of the qfr

> + * @dma: dma address, if created by dma api

> + */

> +struct uacce_qfile_region {

> +	enum uacce_qfrt type;

> +	unsigned long iova;

> +	struct page **pages;

> +	u32 nr_pages;

> +	u32 prot;

> +	u32 flags;

> +	struct list_head qs;

> +	void *kaddr;

> +	dma_addr_t dma;

> +};

> +

> +/**

> + * struct uacce_ops - uacce device operations

> + * @get_available_instances:  get available instances left of the device

> + * @get_queue: get a queue from the device

> + * @put_queue: free a queue to the device

> + * @start_queue: make the queue start work after get_queue

> + * @stop_queue: make the queue stop work before put_queue

> + * @is_q_updated: check whether the task is finished

> + * @mask_notify: mask the task irq of queue

> + * @mmap: mmap addresses of queue to user space

> + * @reset: reset the uacce device

> + * @reset_queue: reset the queue

> + * @ioctl: ioctl for user space users of the queue

> + */

> +struct uacce_ops {

> +	int (*get_available_instances)(struct uacce_device *uacce);

> +	int (*get_queue)(struct uacce_device *uacce, unsigned long arg,

> +			 struct uacce_queue *q);

> +	void (*put_queue)(struct uacce_queue *q);

> +	int (*start_queue)(struct uacce_queue *q);

> +	void (*stop_queue)(struct uacce_queue *q);

> +	int (*is_q_updated)(struct uacce_queue *q);

> +	void (*mask_notify)(struct uacce_queue *q, int event_mask);

> +	int (*mmap)(struct uacce_queue *q, struct vm_area_struct *vma,

> +		    struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr);

> +	int (*reset)(struct uacce_device *uacce);

> +	int (*reset_queue)(struct uacce_queue *q);

> +	long (*ioctl)(struct uacce_queue *q, unsigned int cmd,

> +		      unsigned long arg);

> +};

> +

> +/**

> + * struct uacce_interface

> + * @name: the uacce device name.  Will show up in sysfs

> + * @flags: uacce device attributes

> + * @ops: pointer to the struct uacce_ops

> + *

> + * This structure is used for the uacce_register()

> + */

> +struct uacce_interface {

> +	char name[32];


You should add a define for the maximum lenght of name.

> +	unsigned int flags;


Should be enum uacce_dev_flag not unsigned int and that
enum should be defined above and not in uAPI see comments
i made next to that enum.

> +	struct uacce_ops *ops;

> +};

> +

> +enum uacce_q_state {

> +	UACCE_Q_INIT,

> +	UACCE_Q_STARTED,

> +	UACCE_Q_ZOMBIE,

> +};

> +

> +/**

> + * struct uacce_queue

> + * @uacce: pointer to uacce

> + * @priv: private pointer

> + * @wait: wait queue head

> + * @pasid: pasid of the queue

> + * @handle: iommu_sva handle return from iommu_sva_bind_device

> + * @list: share list for qfr->qs

> + * @mm: current->mm

> + * @qfrs: pointer of qfr regions

> + * @state: queue state machine

> + */

> +struct uacce_queue {

> +	struct uacce_device *uacce;

> +	void *priv;

> +	wait_queue_head_t wait;

> +	int pasid;

> +	struct iommu_sva *handle;

> +	struct list_head list;

> +	struct mm_struct *mm;

> +	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_MAX];

> +	enum uacce_q_state state;

> +};

> +

> +/**

> + * struct uacce_device

> + * @algs: supported algorithms

> + * @api_ver: api version

> + * @qf_pg_size: page size of the queue file regions

> + * @ops: pointer to the struct uacce_ops

> + * @pdev: pointer to the parent device

> + * @is_vf: whether virtual function

> + * @flags: uacce attributes

> + * @dev_id: id of the uacce device

> + * @prot: uacce protection flag

> + * @cdev: cdev of the uacce

> + * @dev: dev of the uacce

> + * @priv: private pointer of the uacce

> + */

> +struct uacce_device {

> +	const char *algs;

> +	const char *api_ver;

> +	unsigned long qf_pg_size[UACCE_QFRT_MAX];

> +	struct uacce_ops *ops;

> +	struct device *pdev;

> +	bool is_vf;

> +	u32 flags;

> +	u32 dev_id;

> +	u32 prot;

> +	struct cdev *cdev;

> +	struct device dev;

> +	void *priv;

> +};

> +

> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_UACCE)

> +

> +struct uacce_device *uacce_register(struct device *parent,

> +				    struct uacce_interface *interface);

> +void uacce_unregister(struct uacce_device *uacce);

> +

> +#else /* CONFIG_UACCE */

> +

> +static inline

> +struct uacce_device *uacce_register(struct device *parent,

> +				    struct uacce_interface *interface)

> +{

> +	return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);

> +}

> +

> +static inline void uacce_unregister(struct uacce_device *uacce) {}

> +

> +#endif /* CONFIG_UACCE */

> +

> +#endif /* _LINUX_UACCE_H */

> diff --git a/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h b/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h

> new file mode 100644

> index 0000000..c859668

> --- /dev/null

> +++ b/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h

> @@ -0,0 +1,41 @@

> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */

> +#ifndef _UAPIUUACCE_H

> +#define _UAPIUUACCE_H

> +

> +#include <linux/types.h>

> +#include <linux/ioctl.h>

> +

> +#define UACCE_CMD_SHARE_SVAS	_IO('W', 0)

> +#define UACCE_CMD_START		_IO('W', 1)

> +#define UACCE_CMD_PUT_Q		_IO('W', 2)

> +

> +/**

> + * enum uacce_dev_flag: Device flags:

> + * @UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN: no PASID, can share sva for one process

> + * @UACCE_DEV_SVA: Shared Virtual Addresses

> + *		   Support PASID

> + *		   Support device page fault (pcie device) or

> + *		   smmu stall (platform device)

> + */

> +enum uacce_dev_flag {

> +	UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN = 0x0,


UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN is not use anywhere better do not introduce something
that is not use.


> +	UACCE_DEV_SVA = 0x1,

> +};


More general question why is it part of the UAPI header file ?
To me it seems that those flags are only use internaly to the
kernel and never need to be expose to userspace.

> +

> +/**

> + * enum uacce_qfrt: qfrt type

> + * @UACCE_QFRT_MMIO: device mmio region

> + * @UACCE_QFRT_DKO: device kernel-only region

> + * @UACCE_QFRT_DUS: device user share region

> + * @UACCE_QFRT_SS: static shared memory region

> + * @UACCE_QFRT_MAX: indicate the boundary

> + */


Your first driver only use DUS and MMIO, you should not define
thing that are not even use by the first driver, especialy when
it comes to userspace API.

> +enum uacce_qfrt {

> +	UACCE_QFRT_MMIO = 0,

> +	UACCE_QFRT_DKO = 1,

> +	UACCE_QFRT_DUS = 2,

> +	UACCE_QFRT_SS = 3,

> +	UACCE_QFRT_MAX = 16,


Isn't 16 bit low ? Do you really need a maximum ? I would not
expose or advertise a maxmimum in this userspace facing header.
Jerome Glisse Oct. 23, 2019, 5:03 p.m. | #3
On Wed, Oct 23, 2019 at 09:42:27AM +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> On Fri, Oct 18, 2019 at 08:01:44PM +0800, zhangfei.gao@foxmail.com wrote:


[...]

> > > > +static int uacce_fops_mmap(struct file *filep, struct vm_area_struct *vma)

> > > > +{

> > > > +	struct uacce_queue *q = filep->private_data;

> > > > +	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;

> > > > +	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;

> > > > +	enum uacce_qfrt type = 0;

> > > > +	unsigned int flags = 0;

> > > > +	int ret;

> > > > +

> > > > +	if (vma->vm_pgoff < UACCE_QFRT_MAX)

> > > > +		type = vma->vm_pgoff;

> > > > +

> > > > +	vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTCOPY | VM_DONTEXPAND;

> > > > +

> > > > +	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);

> 

> By the way, lockdep detects a possible unsafe locking scenario here,

> because we're taking the uacce_mutex even though mmap called us with the

> mmap_sem held for writing. Conversely uacce_fops_release() takes the

> mmap_sem for writing while holding the uacce_mutex. I think it can be

> fixed easily, if we simply remove the use of mmap_sem in

> uacce_fops_release(), since it's only taken to do some accounting which

> doesn't look right.


I think you need to remove the RLIMIT_DATA accounting altogether. Assume
it is not an issue for now and revisit latter when it becomes one as i
am not sure we want to add this queue memory accounting to RLIMIT_DATA
in the first place. Maybe a memory cgroup. In anycases it is safer to
delay this discussion to latter.

Cheers,
Jérôme
Jerome Glisse Oct. 24, 2019, 2:17 p.m. | #4
On Thu, Oct 24, 2019 at 02:41:29PM +0800, Kenneth Lee wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 22, 2019 at 02:49:29PM -0400, Jerome Glisse wrote:

> > Date: Tue, 22 Oct 2019 14:49:29 -0400

> > From: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>

> > To: Zhangfei Gao <zhangfei.gao@linaro.org>

> > Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>, Arnd Bergmann

> >  <arnd@arndb.de>, Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>,

> >  jonathan.cameron@huawei.com, grant.likely@arm.com, jean-philippe

> >  <jean-philippe@linaro.org>, ilias.apalodimas@linaro.org,

> >  francois.ozog@linaro.org, kenneth-lee-2012@foxmail.com, Wangzhou

> >  <wangzhou1@hisilicon.com>, "haojian . zhuang" <haojian.zhuang@linaro.org>,

> >  Zaibo Xu <xuzaibo@huawei.com>, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,

> >  linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org, Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>,

> >  linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org

> > Subject: Re: [PATCH v6 2/3] uacce: add uacce driver

> > Message-ID: <20191022184929.GC5169@redhat.com>

> > 

> > On Wed, Oct 16, 2019 at 04:34:32PM +0800, Zhangfei Gao wrote:

> > > From: Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>

> > > 

> > > Uacce (Unified/User-space-access-intended Accelerator Framework) targets to

> > > provide Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA) between accelerators and processes.

> > > So accelerator can access any data structure of the main cpu.

> > > This differs from the data sharing between cpu and io device, which share

> > > data content rather than address.

> > > Since unified address, hardware and user space of process can share the

> > > same virtual address in the communication.

> > > 

> > > Uacce create a chrdev for every registration, the queue is allocated to

> > > the process when the chrdev is opened. Then the process can access the

> > > hardware resource by interact with the queue file. By mmap the queue

> > > file space to user space, the process can directly put requests to the

> > > hardware without syscall to the kernel space.

> > 

> > You need to remove all API that is not use by your first driver as

> > it will most likely bit rot without users. It is way better to add

> > things when a driver start to make use of it.

> 

> Yes. Good point. Thank you:)

> 

> > 

> > I am still not convince of the value of adding a new framework here

> > with only a single device as an example. It looks similar to some of

> > the fpga devices. Saddly because framework layering is not something

> > that exist i guess inventing a new framework is the only answer when

> > you can not quite fit into an existing one.

> > 

> > More fundamental question is why do you need to change the IOMMU

> > domain of the device ? I do not see any reason for that unless the

> > PASID has some restriction on ARM that i do not know of.

> 

> But I think this is the only way. As my understanding, by default, the

> system creates a DMA IOMMU domain for each device behine an IOMMU. If

> you want to call iommu interface directly, we have to rebind the device

> to an unmanaged domain.


Why would you need to call iommu directly ? On some GPUs we do use
PASID and we do not rebind to different domain, we just don't mess
with that. So i do not see any reason to change the domain.

Cheers,
Jérôme

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e48333c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-uacce
@@ -0,0 +1,65 @@ 
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/id
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Id of the device.
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/api
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Api of the device, used by application to match the correct driver
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/flags
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Attributes of the device, see UACCE_DEV_xxx flag defined in uacce.h
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/available_instances
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Available instances left of the device
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/algorithms
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Algorithms supported by this accelerator
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/qfrt_mmio_size
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Page size of mmio region queue file
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/qfrt_dko_size
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Page size of dko region queue file
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/qfrt_dus_size
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Page size of dus region queue file
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/qfrt_ss_size
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Page size of ss region queue file
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/numa_distance
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Distance of device node to cpu node
+
+What:           /sys/class/uacce/hisi_zip-<n>/node_id
+Date:           Oct 2019
+KernelVersion:  5.5
+Contact:        linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org
+Description:    Id of the numa node
diff --git a/drivers/misc/Kconfig b/drivers/misc/Kconfig
index c55b637..929feb0 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/misc/Kconfig
@@ -481,4 +481,5 @@  source "drivers/misc/cxl/Kconfig"
 source "drivers/misc/ocxl/Kconfig"
 source "drivers/misc/cardreader/Kconfig"
 source "drivers/misc/habanalabs/Kconfig"
+source "drivers/misc/uacce/Kconfig"
 endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/misc/Makefile b/drivers/misc/Makefile
index c1860d3..9abf292 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/misc/Makefile
@@ -56,4 +56,5 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_OCXL)		+= ocxl/
 obj-y				+= cardreader/
 obj-$(CONFIG_PVPANIC)   	+= pvpanic.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HABANA_AI)		+= habanalabs/
+obj-$(CONFIG_UACCE)		+= uacce/
 obj-$(CONFIG_XILINX_SDFEC)	+= xilinx_sdfec.o
diff --git a/drivers/misc/uacce/Kconfig b/drivers/misc/uacce/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e854354
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/misc/uacce/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@ 
+config UACCE
+	tristate "Accelerator Framework for User Land"
+	depends on IOMMU_API
+	help
+	  UACCE provides interface for the user process to access the hardware
+	  without interaction with the kernel space in data path.
+
+	  The user-space interface is described in
+	  include/uapi/misc/uacce.h
+
+	  See Documentation/misc-devices/uacce.rst for more details.
+
+	  If you don't know what to do here, say N.
diff --git a/drivers/misc/uacce/Makefile b/drivers/misc/uacce/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5b4374e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/misc/uacce/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@ 
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+obj-$(CONFIG_UACCE) += uacce.o
diff --git a/drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c b/drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..534ddc3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/misc/uacce/uacce.c
@@ -0,0 +1,995 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/dma-iommu.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/irqdomain.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/uacce.h>
+
+static struct class *uacce_class;
+static DEFINE_IDR(uacce_idr);
+static dev_t uacce_devt;
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(uacce_mutex);
+static const struct file_operations uacce_fops;
+
+static int uacce_queue_map_qfr(struct uacce_queue *q,
+			       struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)
+{
+	struct device *dev = q->uacce->pdev;
+	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);
+	int i, j, ret;
+
+	if (!(qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_MAP) || (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA))
+		return 0;
+
+	if (!domain)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++) {
+		ret = iommu_map(domain, qfr->iova + i * PAGE_SIZE,
+				page_to_phys(qfr->pages[i]),
+				PAGE_SIZE, qfr->prot | q->uacce->prot);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_with_map_pages;
+
+		get_page(qfr->pages[i]);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_with_map_pages:
+	for (j = i - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
+		iommu_unmap(domain, qfr->iova + j * PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
+		put_page(qfr->pages[j]);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void uacce_queue_unmap_qfr(struct uacce_queue *q,
+				  struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)
+{
+	struct device *dev = q->uacce->pdev;
+	struct iommu_domain *domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);
+	int i;
+
+	if (!domain || !qfr)
+		return;
+
+	if (!(qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_MAP) || (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA))
+		return;
+
+	for (i = qfr->nr_pages - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+		iommu_unmap(domain, qfr->iova + i * PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
+		put_page(qfr->pages[i]);
+	}
+}
+
+static int uacce_qfr_alloc_pages(struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)
+{
+	int i, j;
+
+	qfr->pages = kcalloc(qfr->nr_pages, sizeof(*qfr->pages), GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (!qfr->pages)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++) {
+		qfr->pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_ZERO);
+		if (!qfr->pages[i])
+			goto err_with_pages;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_with_pages:
+	for (j = i - 1; j >= 0; j--)
+		put_page(qfr->pages[j]);
+
+	kfree(qfr->pages);
+	return -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+static void uacce_qfr_free_pages(struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++)
+		put_page(qfr->pages[i]);
+
+	kfree(qfr->pages);
+}
+
+static inline int uacce_queue_mmap_qfr(struct uacce_queue *q,
+				       struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr,
+				       struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	int i, ret;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < qfr->nr_pages; i++) {
+		ret = remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start + (i << PAGE_SHIFT),
+				      page_to_pfn(qfr->pages[i]), PAGE_SIZE,
+				      vma->vm_page_prot);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct uacce_qfile_region *
+uacce_create_region(struct uacce_queue *q, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+		    enum uacce_qfrt type, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;
+	unsigned long vm_pgoff;
+	int ret = -ENOMEM;
+
+	qfr = kzalloc(sizeof(*qfr), GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (!qfr)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	qfr->type = type;
+	qfr->flags = flags;
+	qfr->iova = vma->vm_start;
+	qfr->nr_pages = vma_pages(vma);
+
+	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)
+		qfr->prot |= IOMMU_READ;
+
+	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
+		qfr->prot |= IOMMU_WRITE;
+
+	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT) {
+		if (!uacce->ops->mmap) {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto err_with_qfr;
+		}
+
+		ret = uacce->ops->mmap(q, vma, qfr);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_with_qfr;
+		return qfr;
+	}
+
+	/* allocate memory */
+	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA) {
+		qfr->kaddr = dma_alloc_coherent(uacce->pdev,
+						qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT,
+						&qfr->dma, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!qfr->kaddr) {
+			ret = -ENOMEM;
+			goto err_with_qfr;
+		}
+	} else {
+		ret = uacce_qfr_alloc_pages(qfr);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_with_qfr;
+	}
+
+	/* map to device */
+	ret = uacce_queue_map_qfr(q, qfr);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_with_pages;
+
+	/* mmap to user space */
+	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_MMAP) {
+		if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA) {
+			/* dma_mmap_coherent() requires vm_pgoff as 0
+			 * restore vm_pfoff to initial value for mmap()
+			 */
+			vm_pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff;
+			vma->vm_pgoff = 0;
+			ret = dma_mmap_coherent(uacce->pdev, vma, qfr->kaddr,
+						qfr->dma,
+						qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT);
+			vma->vm_pgoff = vm_pgoff;
+		} else {
+			ret = uacce_queue_mmap_qfr(q, qfr, vma);
+		}
+
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_with_mapped_qfr;
+	}
+
+	return qfr;
+
+err_with_mapped_qfr:
+	uacce_queue_unmap_qfr(q, qfr);
+err_with_pages:
+	if (flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA)
+		dma_free_coherent(uacce->pdev, qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT,
+				  qfr->kaddr, qfr->dma);
+	else
+		uacce_qfr_free_pages(qfr);
+err_with_qfr:
+	kfree(qfr);
+
+	return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+
+static void uacce_destroy_region(struct uacce_queue *q,
+				 struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;
+
+	if (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_DMA) {
+		dma_free_coherent(uacce->pdev, qfr->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT,
+				  qfr->kaddr, qfr->dma);
+	} else if (qfr->pages) {
+		if (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_KMAP && qfr->kaddr) {
+			vunmap(qfr->kaddr);
+			qfr->kaddr = NULL;
+		}
+
+		uacce_qfr_free_pages(qfr);
+	}
+	kfree(qfr);
+}
+
+static long uacce_cmd_share_qfr(struct uacce_queue *tgt, int fd)
+{
+	struct file *filep;
+	struct uacce_queue *src;
+	int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	if (tgt->state != UACCE_Q_STARTED)
+		goto out_with_lock;
+
+	filep = fget(fd);
+	if (!filep)
+		goto out_with_lock;
+
+	if (filep->f_op != &uacce_fops)
+		goto out_with_fd;
+
+	src = filep->private_data;
+	if (!src)
+		goto out_with_fd;
+
+	if (tgt->uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)
+		goto out_with_fd;
+
+	if (!src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS] || tgt->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS])
+		goto out_with_fd;
+
+	ret = uacce_queue_map_qfr(tgt, src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS]);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_with_fd;
+
+	tgt->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS] = src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS];
+	list_add(&tgt->list, &src->qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_SS]->qs);
+
+out_with_fd:
+	fput(filep);
+out_with_lock:
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int uacce_start_queue(struct uacce_queue *q)
+{
+	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;
+	int ret = -EINVAL;
+	int i, j;
+
+	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	if (q->state != UACCE_Q_INIT)
+		goto out_with_lock;
+
+	/*
+	 * map KMAP qfr to kernel
+	 * vmap should be done in non-spinlocked context!
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < UACCE_QFRT_MAX; i++) {
+		qfr = q->qfrs[i];
+		if (qfr && (qfr->flags & UACCE_QFRF_KMAP) && !qfr->kaddr) {
+			qfr->kaddr = vmap(qfr->pages, qfr->nr_pages, VM_MAP,
+					  PAGE_KERNEL);
+			if (!qfr->kaddr) {
+				ret = -ENOMEM;
+				goto err_with_vmap;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (q->uacce->ops->start_queue) {
+		ret = q->uacce->ops->start_queue(q);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			goto err_with_vmap;
+	}
+
+	q->state = UACCE_Q_STARTED;
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_with_vmap:
+	for (j = i; j >= 0; j--) {
+		qfr = q->qfrs[j];
+		if (qfr && qfr->kaddr) {
+			vunmap(qfr->kaddr);
+			qfr->kaddr = NULL;
+		}
+	}
+out_with_lock:
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static long uacce_put_queue(struct uacce_queue *q)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;
+
+	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	if ((q->state == UACCE_Q_STARTED) && uacce->ops->stop_queue)
+		uacce->ops->stop_queue(q);
+
+	if ((q->state == UACCE_Q_INIT || q->state == UACCE_Q_STARTED) &&
+	     uacce->ops->put_queue)
+		uacce->ops->put_queue(q);
+
+	q->state = UACCE_Q_ZOMBIE;
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static long uacce_fops_unl_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+				 unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct uacce_queue *q = filep->private_data;
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case UACCE_CMD_SHARE_SVAS:
+		return uacce_cmd_share_qfr(q, arg);
+
+	case UACCE_CMD_START:
+		return uacce_start_queue(q);
+
+	case UACCE_CMD_PUT_Q:
+		return uacce_put_queue(q);
+
+	default:
+		if (!uacce->ops->ioctl)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		return uacce->ops->ioctl(q, cmd, arg);
+	}
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+static long uacce_fops_compat_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+				   unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	arg = (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg);
+
+	return uacce_fops_unl_ioctl(filep, cmd, arg);
+}
+#endif
+
+static int uacce_dev_open_check(struct uacce_device *uacce)
+{
+	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)
+		return 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * The device can be opened once if it does not support pasid
+	 */
+	if (kref_read(&uacce->cdev->kobj.kref) > 2)
+		return -EBUSY;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int uacce_fops_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
+{
+	struct uacce_queue *q;
+	struct iommu_sva *handle = NULL;
+	struct uacce_device *uacce;
+	int ret;
+	int pasid = 0;
+
+	uacce = idr_find(&uacce_idr, iminor(inode));
+	if (!uacce)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	if (!try_module_get(uacce->pdev->driver->owner))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	ret = uacce_dev_open_check(uacce);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_with_module;
+
+	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {
+		handle = iommu_sva_bind_device(uacce->pdev, current->mm, NULL);
+		if (IS_ERR(handle))
+			goto out_with_module;
+		pasid = iommu_sva_get_pasid(handle);
+	}
+
+	q = kzalloc(sizeof(struct uacce_queue), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!q) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out_with_module;
+	}
+
+	if (uacce->ops->get_queue) {
+		ret = uacce->ops->get_queue(uacce, pasid, q);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			goto out_with_mem;
+	}
+
+	q->pasid = pasid;
+	q->handle = handle;
+	q->uacce = uacce;
+	q->mm = current->mm;
+	memset(q->qfrs, 0, sizeof(q->qfrs));
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->list);
+	init_waitqueue_head(&q->wait);
+	filep->private_data = q;
+	q->state = UACCE_Q_INIT;
+
+	return 0;
+
+out_with_mem:
+	kfree(q);
+out_with_module:
+	module_put(uacce->pdev->driver->owner);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int uacce_fops_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
+{
+	struct uacce_queue *q = filep->private_data;
+	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;
+	bool is_to_free_region;
+	int free_pages = 0;
+	int i;
+
+	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	if ((q->state == UACCE_Q_STARTED) && uacce->ops->stop_queue)
+		uacce->ops->stop_queue(q);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < UACCE_QFRT_MAX; i++) {
+		qfr = q->qfrs[i];
+		if (!qfr)
+			continue;
+
+		is_to_free_region = false;
+		uacce_queue_unmap_qfr(q, qfr);
+		if (i == UACCE_QFRT_SS) {
+			list_del(&q->list);
+			if (list_empty(&qfr->qs))
+				is_to_free_region = true;
+		} else
+			is_to_free_region = true;
+
+		if (is_to_free_region) {
+			free_pages += qfr->nr_pages;
+			uacce_destroy_region(q, qfr);
+		}
+
+		qfr = NULL;
+	}
+
+	if (current->mm == q->mm) {
+		down_write(&q->mm->mmap_sem);
+		q->mm->data_vm -= free_pages;
+		up_write(&q->mm->mmap_sem);
+	}
+
+	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)
+		iommu_sva_unbind_device(q->handle);
+
+	if ((q->state == UACCE_Q_INIT || q->state == UACCE_Q_STARTED) &&
+	     uacce->ops->put_queue)
+		uacce->ops->put_queue(q);
+
+	kfree(q);
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	module_put(uacce->pdev->driver->owner);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int uacce_fops_mmap(struct file *filep, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	struct uacce_queue *q = filep->private_data;
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;
+	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr;
+	enum uacce_qfrt type = 0;
+	unsigned int flags = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (vma->vm_pgoff < UACCE_QFRT_MAX)
+		type = vma->vm_pgoff;
+
+	vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTCOPY | VM_DONTEXPAND;
+
+	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	/* fixme: if the region need no pages, we don't need to check it */
+	if (q->mm->data_vm + vma_pages(vma) >
+	    rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA) >> PAGE_SHIFT) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out_with_lock;
+	}
+
+	if (q->qfrs[type]) {
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+		goto out_with_lock;
+	}
+
+	switch (type) {
+	case UACCE_QFRT_MMIO:
+		flags = UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT;
+		break;
+
+	case UACCE_QFRT_SS:
+		if (q->state != UACCE_Q_STARTED) {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto out_with_lock;
+		}
+
+		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto out_with_lock;
+		}
+
+		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_MMAP;
+
+		break;
+
+	case UACCE_QFRT_DKO:
+		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto out_with_lock;
+		}
+
+		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_KMAP;
+
+		break;
+
+	case UACCE_QFRT_DUS:
+		if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {
+			flags = UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		flags = UACCE_QFRF_MAP | UACCE_QFRF_MMAP;
+		break;
+
+	default:
+		WARN_ON(&uacce->dev);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	qfr = uacce_create_region(q, vma, type, flags);
+	if (IS_ERR(qfr)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(qfr);
+		goto out_with_lock;
+	}
+	q->qfrs[type] = qfr;
+
+	if (type == UACCE_QFRT_SS) {
+		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&qfr->qs);
+		list_add(&q->list, &q->qfrs[type]->qs);
+	}
+
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	if (qfr->pages)
+		q->mm->data_vm += qfr->nr_pages;
+
+	return 0;
+
+out_with_lock:
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static __poll_t uacce_fops_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
+{
+	struct uacce_queue *q = file->private_data;
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = q->uacce;
+
+	poll_wait(file, &q->wait, wait);
+	if (uacce->ops->is_q_updated && uacce->ops->is_q_updated(q))
+		return EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations uacce_fops = {
+	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
+	.open		= uacce_fops_open,
+	.release	= uacce_fops_release,
+	.unlocked_ioctl	= uacce_fops_unl_ioctl,
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+	.compat_ioctl	= uacce_fops_compat_ioctl,
+#endif
+	.mmap		= uacce_fops_mmap,
+	.poll		= uacce_fops_poll,
+};
+
+#define to_uacce_device(dev) container_of(dev, struct uacce_device, dev)
+
+static ssize_t id_show(struct device *dev,
+		       struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", uacce->dev_id);
+}
+
+static ssize_t api_show(struct device *dev,
+			struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", uacce->api_ver);
+}
+
+static ssize_t numa_distance_show(struct device *dev,
+				  struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+	int distance;
+
+	distance = node_distance(smp_processor_id(), uacce->pdev->numa_node);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", abs(distance));
+}
+
+static ssize_t node_id_show(struct device *dev,
+			    struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+	int node_id;
+
+	node_id = dev_to_node(uacce->pdev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", node_id);
+}
+
+static ssize_t flags_show(struct device *dev,
+			  struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", uacce->flags);
+}
+
+static ssize_t available_instances_show(struct device *dev,
+					struct device_attribute *attr,
+					char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+	int val = 0;
+
+	if (uacce->ops->get_available_instances)
+		val = uacce->ops->get_available_instances(uacce);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", val);
+}
+
+static ssize_t algorithms_show(struct device *dev,
+			       struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%s", uacce->algs);
+}
+
+static ssize_t qfrt_mmio_size_show(struct device *dev,
+				   struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n",
+		       uacce->qf_pg_size[UACCE_QFRT_MMIO] << PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static ssize_t qfrt_dko_size_show(struct device *dev,
+				  struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n",
+		       uacce->qf_pg_size[UACCE_QFRT_DKO] << PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static ssize_t qfrt_dus_size_show(struct device *dev,
+				  struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n",
+		       uacce->qf_pg_size[UACCE_QFRT_DUS] << PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static ssize_t qfrt_ss_size_show(struct device *dev,
+				 struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n",
+		       uacce->qf_pg_size[UACCE_QFRT_SS] << PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(id);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(api);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(numa_distance);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(node_id);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(flags);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(available_instances);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(algorithms);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(qfrt_mmio_size);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(qfrt_dko_size);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(qfrt_dus_size);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(qfrt_ss_size);
+
+static struct attribute *uacce_dev_attrs[] = {
+	&dev_attr_id.attr,
+	&dev_attr_api.attr,
+	&dev_attr_node_id.attr,
+	&dev_attr_numa_distance.attr,
+	&dev_attr_flags.attr,
+	&dev_attr_available_instances.attr,
+	&dev_attr_algorithms.attr,
+	&dev_attr_qfrt_mmio_size.attr,
+	&dev_attr_qfrt_dko_size.attr,
+	&dev_attr_qfrt_dus_size.attr,
+	&dev_attr_qfrt_ss_size.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(uacce_dev);
+
+static void uacce_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct uacce_device *uacce = to_uacce_device(dev);
+
+	kfree(uacce);
+}
+
+/* Borrowed from VFIO to fix msi translation */
+static bool uacce_iommu_has_sw_msi(struct iommu_group *group,
+				   phys_addr_t *base)
+{
+	struct list_head group_resv_regions;
+	struct iommu_resv_region *region, *next;
+	bool ret = false;
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&group_resv_regions);
+	iommu_get_group_resv_regions(group, &group_resv_regions);
+	list_for_each_entry(region, &group_resv_regions, list) {
+		/*
+		 * The presence of any 'real' MSI regions should take
+		 * precedence over the software-managed one if the
+		 * IOMMU driver happens to advertise both types.
+		 */
+		if (region->type == IOMMU_RESV_MSI) {
+			ret = false;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		if (region->type == IOMMU_RESV_SW_MSI) {
+			*base = region->start;
+			ret = true;
+		}
+	}
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(region, next, &group_resv_regions, list)
+		kfree(region);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int uacce_set_iommu_domain(struct uacce_device *uacce)
+{
+	struct iommu_domain *domain;
+	struct iommu_group *group;
+	struct device *dev = uacce->pdev;
+	bool resv_msi;
+	phys_addr_t resv_msi_base = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* allocate and attach an unmanaged domain */
+	domain = iommu_domain_alloc(uacce->pdev->bus);
+	if (!domain) {
+		dev_err(&uacce->dev, "cannot get domain for iommu\n");
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	ret = iommu_attach_device(domain, uacce->pdev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_with_domain;
+
+	if (iommu_capable(dev->bus, IOMMU_CAP_CACHE_COHERENCY))
+		uacce->prot |= IOMMU_CACHE;
+
+	group = iommu_group_get(dev);
+	if (!group) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto err_with_domain;
+	}
+
+	resv_msi = uacce_iommu_has_sw_msi(group, &resv_msi_base);
+	iommu_group_put(group);
+
+	if (resv_msi) {
+		if (!irq_domain_check_msi_remap() &&
+		    !iommu_capable(dev->bus, IOMMU_CAP_INTR_REMAP)) {
+			dev_warn(dev, "No interrupt remapping support!");
+			ret = -EPERM;
+			goto err_with_domain;
+		}
+
+		ret = iommu_get_msi_cookie(domain, resv_msi_base);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_with_domain;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_with_domain:
+	iommu_domain_free(domain);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void uacce_unset_iommu_domain(struct uacce_device *uacce)
+{
+	struct iommu_domain *domain;
+
+	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)
+		return;
+
+	domain = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(uacce->pdev);
+	if (!domain) {
+		dev_err(&uacce->dev, "bug: no domain attached to device\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	iommu_detach_device(domain, uacce->pdev);
+	iommu_domain_free(domain);
+}
+
+/**
+ * uacce_register - register an accelerator
+ * @parent: pointer of uacce parent device
+ * @interface: pointer of uacce_interface for register
+ */
+struct uacce_device *uacce_register(struct device *parent,
+				    struct uacce_interface *interface)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct uacce_device *uacce;
+	unsigned int flags = interface->flags;
+
+	uacce = kzalloc(sizeof(struct uacce_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!uacce)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	if (flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA) {
+		ret = iommu_dev_enable_feature(parent, IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA);
+		if (ret)
+			flags &= ~UACCE_DEV_SVA;
+	}
+
+	uacce->pdev = parent;
+	uacce->flags = flags;
+	uacce->ops = interface->ops;
+
+	ret = uacce_set_iommu_domain(uacce);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_free;
+
+	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	ret = idr_alloc(&uacce_idr, uacce, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto err_with_lock;
+
+	uacce->cdev = cdev_alloc();
+	uacce->cdev->ops = &uacce_fops;
+	uacce->dev_id = ret;
+	uacce->cdev->owner = THIS_MODULE;
+	device_initialize(&uacce->dev);
+	uacce->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(uacce_devt), uacce->dev_id);
+	uacce->dev.class = uacce_class;
+	uacce->dev.groups = uacce_dev_groups;
+	uacce->dev.parent = uacce->pdev;
+	uacce->dev.release = uacce_release;
+	dev_set_name(&uacce->dev, "%s-%d", interface->name, uacce->dev_id);
+	ret = cdev_device_add(uacce->cdev, &uacce->dev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_with_idr;
+
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	return uacce;
+
+err_with_idr:
+	idr_remove(&uacce_idr, uacce->dev_id);
+err_with_lock:
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+	uacce_unset_iommu_domain(uacce);
+err_free:
+	if (flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)
+		iommu_dev_disable_feature(uacce->pdev, IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA);
+	kfree(uacce);
+	return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uacce_register);
+
+/**
+ * uacce_unregister - unregisters an accelerator
+ * @uacce: the accelerator to unregister
+ */
+void uacce_unregister(struct uacce_device *uacce)
+{
+	if (uacce == NULL)
+		return;
+
+	mutex_lock(&uacce_mutex);
+
+	if (uacce->flags & UACCE_DEV_SVA)
+		iommu_dev_disable_feature(uacce->pdev, IOMMU_DEV_FEAT_SVA);
+
+	uacce_unset_iommu_domain(uacce);
+	cdev_device_del(uacce->cdev, &uacce->dev);
+	idr_remove(&uacce_idr, uacce->dev_id);
+	put_device(&uacce->dev);
+
+	mutex_unlock(&uacce_mutex);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uacce_unregister);
+
+static int __init uacce_init(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	uacce_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, UACCE_NAME);
+	if (IS_ERR(uacce_class)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(uacce_class);
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&uacce_devt, 0, MINORMASK, UACCE_NAME);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_with_class;
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_with_class:
+	class_destroy(uacce_class);
+err:
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static __exit void uacce_exit(void)
+{
+	unregister_chrdev_region(uacce_devt, MINORMASK);
+	class_destroy(uacce_class);
+	idr_destroy(&uacce_idr);
+}
+
+subsys_initcall(uacce_init);
+module_exit(uacce_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Hisilicon Tech. Co., Ltd.");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Accelerator interface for Userland applications");
diff --git a/include/linux/uacce.h b/include/linux/uacce.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8ce0640
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/uacce.h
@@ -0,0 +1,168 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
+#ifndef _LINUX_UACCE_H
+#define _LINUX_UACCE_H
+
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h>
+
+#define UACCE_NAME		"uacce"
+
+struct uacce_queue;
+struct uacce_device;
+
+/* uacce queue file flag, requires different operation */
+#define UACCE_QFRF_MAP		BIT(0)	/* map to current queue */
+#define UACCE_QFRF_MMAP		BIT(1)	/* map to user space */
+#define UACCE_QFRF_KMAP		BIT(2)	/* map to kernel space */
+#define UACCE_QFRF_DMA		BIT(3)	/* use dma api for the region */
+#define UACCE_QFRF_SELFMT	BIT(4)	/* self maintained qfr */
+
+/**
+ * struct uacce_qfile_region - structure of queue file region
+ * @type: type of the qfr
+ * @iova: iova share between user and device space
+ * @pages: pages pointer of the qfr memory
+ * @nr_pages: page numbers of the qfr memory
+ * @prot: qfr protection flag
+ * @flags: flags of qfr
+ * @qs: list sharing the same region, for ss region
+ * @kaddr: kernel addr of the qfr
+ * @dma: dma address, if created by dma api
+ */
+struct uacce_qfile_region {
+	enum uacce_qfrt type;
+	unsigned long iova;
+	struct page **pages;
+	u32 nr_pages;
+	u32 prot;
+	u32 flags;
+	struct list_head qs;
+	void *kaddr;
+	dma_addr_t dma;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct uacce_ops - uacce device operations
+ * @get_available_instances:  get available instances left of the device
+ * @get_queue: get a queue from the device
+ * @put_queue: free a queue to the device
+ * @start_queue: make the queue start work after get_queue
+ * @stop_queue: make the queue stop work before put_queue
+ * @is_q_updated: check whether the task is finished
+ * @mask_notify: mask the task irq of queue
+ * @mmap: mmap addresses of queue to user space
+ * @reset: reset the uacce device
+ * @reset_queue: reset the queue
+ * @ioctl: ioctl for user space users of the queue
+ */
+struct uacce_ops {
+	int (*get_available_instances)(struct uacce_device *uacce);
+	int (*get_queue)(struct uacce_device *uacce, unsigned long arg,
+			 struct uacce_queue *q);
+	void (*put_queue)(struct uacce_queue *q);
+	int (*start_queue)(struct uacce_queue *q);
+	void (*stop_queue)(struct uacce_queue *q);
+	int (*is_q_updated)(struct uacce_queue *q);
+	void (*mask_notify)(struct uacce_queue *q, int event_mask);
+	int (*mmap)(struct uacce_queue *q, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+		    struct uacce_qfile_region *qfr);
+	int (*reset)(struct uacce_device *uacce);
+	int (*reset_queue)(struct uacce_queue *q);
+	long (*ioctl)(struct uacce_queue *q, unsigned int cmd,
+		      unsigned long arg);
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct uacce_interface
+ * @name: the uacce device name.  Will show up in sysfs
+ * @flags: uacce device attributes
+ * @ops: pointer to the struct uacce_ops
+ *
+ * This structure is used for the uacce_register()
+ */
+struct uacce_interface {
+	char name[32];
+	unsigned int flags;
+	struct uacce_ops *ops;
+};
+
+enum uacce_q_state {
+	UACCE_Q_INIT,
+	UACCE_Q_STARTED,
+	UACCE_Q_ZOMBIE,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct uacce_queue
+ * @uacce: pointer to uacce
+ * @priv: private pointer
+ * @wait: wait queue head
+ * @pasid: pasid of the queue
+ * @handle: iommu_sva handle return from iommu_sva_bind_device
+ * @list: share list for qfr->qs
+ * @mm: current->mm
+ * @qfrs: pointer of qfr regions
+ * @state: queue state machine
+ */
+struct uacce_queue {
+	struct uacce_device *uacce;
+	void *priv;
+	wait_queue_head_t wait;
+	int pasid;
+	struct iommu_sva *handle;
+	struct list_head list;
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	struct uacce_qfile_region *qfrs[UACCE_QFRT_MAX];
+	enum uacce_q_state state;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct uacce_device
+ * @algs: supported algorithms
+ * @api_ver: api version
+ * @qf_pg_size: page size of the queue file regions
+ * @ops: pointer to the struct uacce_ops
+ * @pdev: pointer to the parent device
+ * @is_vf: whether virtual function
+ * @flags: uacce attributes
+ * @dev_id: id of the uacce device
+ * @prot: uacce protection flag
+ * @cdev: cdev of the uacce
+ * @dev: dev of the uacce
+ * @priv: private pointer of the uacce
+ */
+struct uacce_device {
+	const char *algs;
+	const char *api_ver;
+	unsigned long qf_pg_size[UACCE_QFRT_MAX];
+	struct uacce_ops *ops;
+	struct device *pdev;
+	bool is_vf;
+	u32 flags;
+	u32 dev_id;
+	u32 prot;
+	struct cdev *cdev;
+	struct device dev;
+	void *priv;
+};
+
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_UACCE)
+
+struct uacce_device *uacce_register(struct device *parent,
+				    struct uacce_interface *interface);
+void uacce_unregister(struct uacce_device *uacce);
+
+#else /* CONFIG_UACCE */
+
+static inline
+struct uacce_device *uacce_register(struct device *parent,
+				    struct uacce_interface *interface)
+{
+	return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+}
+
+static inline void uacce_unregister(struct uacce_device *uacce) {}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_UACCE */
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_UACCE_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h b/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c859668
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/misc/uacce/uacce.h
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
+#ifndef _UAPIUUACCE_H
+#define _UAPIUUACCE_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+
+#define UACCE_CMD_SHARE_SVAS	_IO('W', 0)
+#define UACCE_CMD_START		_IO('W', 1)
+#define UACCE_CMD_PUT_Q		_IO('W', 2)
+
+/**
+ * enum uacce_dev_flag: Device flags:
+ * @UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN: no PASID, can share sva for one process
+ * @UACCE_DEV_SVA: Shared Virtual Addresses
+ *		   Support PASID
+ *		   Support device page fault (pcie device) or
+ *		   smmu stall (platform device)
+ */
+enum uacce_dev_flag {
+	UACCE_DEV_SHARE_DOMAIN = 0x0,
+	UACCE_DEV_SVA = 0x1,
+};
+
+/**
+ * enum uacce_qfrt: qfrt type
+ * @UACCE_QFRT_MMIO: device mmio region
+ * @UACCE_QFRT_DKO: device kernel-only region
+ * @UACCE_QFRT_DUS: device user share region
+ * @UACCE_QFRT_SS: static shared memory region
+ * @UACCE_QFRT_MAX: indicate the boundary
+ */
+enum uacce_qfrt {
+	UACCE_QFRT_MMIO = 0,
+	UACCE_QFRT_DKO = 1,
+	UACCE_QFRT_DUS = 2,
+	UACCE_QFRT_SS = 3,
+	UACCE_QFRT_MAX = 16,
+};
+
+#endif