[(v2)] scsi: sd: add parameter to stop disks before reboot

Message ID e726ffd8-8897-4a79-c3d6-6271eda8aebb@0882a8b5-c6c3-11e9-b005-00805fc181fe
State New
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  • [(v2)] scsi: sd: add parameter to stop disks before reboot
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Simon Arlott June 28, 2020, 6:32 p.m.
I need to use "reboot=p" on my desktop because one of the PCIe devices
does not appear after a warm boot. This results in a very cold boot
because the BIOS turns the PSU off and on.

The scsi sd shutdown process does not send a stop command to disks
before the reboot happens (stop commands are only sent for a shutdown).

The result is that all of my SSDs experience a sudden power loss on
every reboot, which is undesirable behaviour because it could cause data
to be corrupted. These events are recorded in the SMART attributes.

Add a "stop_before_reboot" module parameter that can be used to control
the shutdown behaviour of disks before a reboot. The default will be
the existing behaviour (disks are not stopped).

    0 = disabled (default)
    1 = enabled

The behaviour on shutdown is unchanged: all disks are unconditionally

Signed-off-by: Simon Arlott <simon@octiron.net>
 Documentation/scsi/scsi-parameters.rst |  5 +++++
 drivers/scsi/sd.c                      | 14 +++++++++++---
 2 files changed, 16 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)


Simon Arlott July 15, 2020, 9:25 a.m. | #1
On 30/06/2020 02:35, Martin K. Petersen wrote:
>> What happened to the suggestion to treat reboot=p like a poweroff

>> instead?  That seems to be fundamentally the right thing to do.


> I agree!

I've done that but so far it has been ignored:

Simon Arlott


diff --git a/Documentation/scsi/scsi-parameters.rst b/Documentation/scsi/scsi-parameters.rst
index 9aba897c97ac..324610870de5 100644
--- a/Documentation/scsi/scsi-parameters.rst
+++ b/Documentation/scsi/scsi-parameters.rst
@@ -101,6 +101,11 @@  parameters may be changed at runtime by the command
 			allowing boot to proceed.  none ignores them, expecting
 			user space to do the scan.
+	sd_mod.stop_before_reboot=
+			[SCSI] configure stop action for disks before a reboot
+			Format: <integer>
+			0 = disabled (default), 1 = enabled
 	sim710=		[SCSI,HW]
 			See header of drivers/scsi/sim710.c.
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/sd.c b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
index d90fefffe31b..506904bf15da 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/sd.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
+static unsigned int stop_before_reboot = 0;
+module_param(stop_before_reboot, uint, 0644);
+		 "stop disks before reboot");
 #define SD_MINORS	16
@@ -3576,9 +3582,11 @@  static void sd_shutdown(struct device *dev)
 		sd_sync_cache(sdkp, NULL);
-	if (system_state != SYSTEM_RESTART && sdkp->device->manage_start_stop) {
-		sd_printk(KERN_NOTICE, sdkp, "Stopping disk\n");
-		sd_start_stop_device(sdkp, 0);
+	if (sdkp->device->manage_start_stop) {
+		if (system_state != SYSTEM_RESTART || stop_before_reboot) {
+			sd_printk(KERN_NOTICE, sdkp, "Stopping disk\n");
+			sd_start_stop_device(sdkp, 0);
+		}