[net-next,v4,01/12] Implementation of Virtual Bus

Message ID 20200520070227.3392100-2-jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com
State New
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  • [net-next,v4,01/12] Implementation of Virtual Bus
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Commit Message

Jeff Kirsher May 20, 2020, 7:02 a.m.
From: Dave Ertman <david.m.ertman@intel.com>

This is the initial implementation of the Virtual Bus,
virtbus_device and virtbus_driver.  The virtual bus is
a software based bus intended to support registering
virtbus_devices and virtbus_drivers and provide matching
between them and probing of the registered drivers.

The bus will support probe/remove shutdown and
suspend/resume callbacks.

Signed-off-by: Dave Ertman <david.m.ertman@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kiran Patil <kiran.patil@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Pierre-Louis Bossart <pierre-louis.bossart@linux.intel.com>
Tested-by: Andrew Bowers <andrewx.bowers@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com>
---
 Documentation/driver-api/index.rst       |   1 +
 Documentation/driver-api/virtual_bus.rst |  93 ++++++++++
 drivers/bus/Kconfig                      |  10 ++
 drivers/bus/Makefile                     |   2 +
 drivers/bus/virtual_bus.c                | 215 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mod_devicetable.h          |   8 +
 include/linux/virtual_bus.h              |  62 +++++++
 scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c        |   3 +
 scripts/mod/file2alias.c                 |   7 +
 9 files changed, 401 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/driver-api/virtual_bus.rst
 create mode 100644 drivers/bus/virtual_bus.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/virtual_bus.h

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
index d4e78cb3ef4d..4e628a6b8408 100644
--- a/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
@@ -101,6 +101,7 @@  available subsections can be seen below.
    sync_file
    vfio-mediated-device
    vfio
+   virtual_bus
    xilinx/index
    xillybus
    zorro
diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/virtual_bus.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/virtual_bus.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c01fb2f079d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/virtual_bus.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,93 @@ 
+===============================
+Virtual Bus Devices and Drivers
+===============================
+
+See <linux/virtual_bus.h> for the models for virtbus_device and virtbus_driver.
+
+This bus is meant to be a minimalist software-based bus used for
+connecting devices (that may not physically exist) to be able to
+communicate with each other.
+
+
+Memory Allocation Lifespan and Model
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The memory for a virtbus_device or virtbus_driver needs to be
+allocated before registering them on the virtual bus.
+
+The memory for the virtual_device is expected to remain viable until the
+device's mandatory .release() callback which is invoked when the device
+is unregistered by calling virtbus_unregister_device().
+
+Memory associated with a virtbus_driver is expected to remain viable
+until the driver's .remove() or .shutdown() callbacks are invoked
+during module insertion or removal.
+
+Device Enumeration
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The virtbus device is enumerated when it is attached to the bus. The
+device is assigned a unique ID that will be appended to its name
+making it unique.  If two virtbus_devices both named "foo" are
+registered onto the bus, they will have a sub-device names of "foo.x"
+and "foo.y" where x and y are unique integers.
+
+Common Usage and Structure Design
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The virtbus_device and virtbus_driver need to have a common header
+file.
+
+In the common header file outside of the virtual_bus infrastructure,
+define struct virtbus_object:
+
+.. code-block:: c
+
+        struct virtbus_object {
+                virtbus_device vdev;
+                struct my_private_struct *my_stuff;
+        }
+
+When the virtbus_device vdev is passed to the virtbus_driver's probe
+callback, it can then get access to the struct my_stuff.
+
+An example of the driver encapsulation:
+
+.. code-block:: c
+
+	struct custom_driver {
+		struct virtbus_driver virtbus_drv;
+		const struct custom_driver_ops ops;
+	}
+
+An example of this usage would be :
+
+.. code-block:: c
+
+	struct custom_driver custom_drv = {
+		.virtbus_drv = {
+			.driver = {
+				.name = "sof-ipc-test-virtbus-drv",
+			},
+			.id_table = custom_virtbus_id_table,
+			.probe = custom_probe,
+			.remove = custom_remove,
+			.shutdown = custom_shutdown,
+		},
+		.ops = custom_ops,
+	};
+
+Mandatory Elements
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+virtbus_device:
+
+- .release() callback must not be NULL and is expected to perform memory cleanup.
+- .match_name must be populated to be able to match with a driver
+
+virtbus_driver:
+
+- .probe() callback must not be NULL
+- .remove() callback must not be NULL
+- .shutdown() callback must not be NULL
+- .id_table must not be NULL, used to perform matching
diff --git a/drivers/bus/Kconfig b/drivers/bus/Kconfig
index 6d4e4497b59b..00553c78510c 100644
--- a/drivers/bus/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/bus/Kconfig
@@ -203,4 +203,14 @@  config DA8XX_MSTPRI
 source "drivers/bus/fsl-mc/Kconfig"
 source "drivers/bus/mhi/Kconfig"
 
+config VIRTUAL_BUS
+       tristate "Software based Virtual Bus"
+       help
+         Provides a software bus for virtbus_devices to be added to it
+         and virtbus_drivers to be registered on it.  It matches driver
+         and device based on id and calls the driver's probe routine.
+         One example is the irdma driver needing to connect with various
+         PCI LAN drivers to request resources (queues) to be able to perform
+         its function.
+
 endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/bus/Makefile b/drivers/bus/Makefile
index 05f32cd694a4..d30828a4768c 100644
--- a/drivers/bus/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/bus/Makefile
@@ -37,3 +37,5 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_DA8XX_MSTPRI)	+= da8xx-mstpri.o
 
 # MHI
 obj-$(CONFIG_MHI_BUS)		+= mhi/
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTUAL_BUS)	+= virtual_bus.o
diff --git a/drivers/bus/virtual_bus.c b/drivers/bus/virtual_bus.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b70023d5b58a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/bus/virtual_bus.c
@@ -0,0 +1,215 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * virtual_bus.c - lightweight software based bus for virtual devices
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2019-2020 Intel Corporation
+ *
+ * Please see Documentation/driver-api/virtual_bus.rst for
+ * more information
+ */
+
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/virtual_bus.h>
+#include <linux/of_irq.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
+#include <linux/pm_domain.h>
+#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtual Bus");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("David Ertman <david.m.ertman@intel.com>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Kiran Patil <kiran.patil@intel.com>");
+
+static DEFINE_IDA(virtbus_dev_ida);
+#define VIRTBUS_INVALID_ID	0xFFFFFFFF
+
+static const
+struct virtbus_dev_id *virtbus_match_id(const struct virtbus_dev_id *id,
+					struct virtbus_device *vdev)
+{
+	while (id->name[0]) {
+		if (!strcmp(vdev->match_name, id->name))
+			return id;
+		id++;
+	}
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static int virtbus_match(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
+{
+	struct virtbus_driver *vdrv = to_virtbus_drv(drv);
+	struct virtbus_device *vdev = to_virtbus_dev(dev);
+
+	return virtbus_match_id(vdrv->id_table, vdev) != NULL;
+}
+
+static int virtbus_uevent(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
+{
+	struct virtbus_device *vdev = to_virtbus_dev(dev);
+
+	if (add_uevent_var(env, "MODALIAS=%s%s", "virtbus:", vdev->match_name))
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct dev_pm_ops virtbus_dev_pm_ops = {
+	SET_RUNTIME_PM_OPS(pm_generic_runtime_suspend,
+			   pm_generic_runtime_resume, NULL)
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
+	SET_SYSTEM_SLEEP_PM_OPS(pm_generic_suspend, pm_generic_resume)
+#endif
+};
+
+struct bus_type virtual_bus_type = {
+	.name = "virtbus",
+	.match = virtbus_match,
+	.uevent = virtbus_uevent,
+	.pm = &virtbus_dev_pm_ops,
+};
+
+/**
+ * virtbus_release_device - Destroy a virtbus device
+ * @_dev: device to release
+ */
+static void virtbus_release_device(struct device *_dev)
+{
+	struct virtbus_device *vdev = to_virtbus_dev(_dev);
+	u32 ida = vdev->id;
+
+	vdev->release(vdev);
+	if (ida != VIRTBUS_INVALID_ID)
+		ida_simple_remove(&virtbus_dev_ida, ida);
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtbus_register_device - add a virtual bus device
+ * @vdev: virtual bus device to add
+ */
+int virtbus_register_device(struct virtbus_device *vdev)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	if (WARN_ON(!vdev->release))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* All error paths out of this function after the device_initialize
+	 * must perform a put_device() so that the .release() callback is
+	 * called for an error condition.
+	 */
+	device_initialize(&vdev->dev);
+
+	vdev->dev.bus = &virtual_bus_type;
+	vdev->dev.release = virtbus_release_device;
+
+	/* All device IDs are automatically allocated */
+	ret = ida_simple_get(&virtbus_dev_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		vdev->id = VIRTBUS_INVALID_ID;
+		dev_err(&vdev->dev, "get IDA idx for virtbus device failed!\n");
+		goto device_add_err;
+	}
+
+	vdev->id = ret;
+
+	ret = dev_set_name(&vdev->dev, "%s.%d", vdev->match_name, vdev->id);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(&vdev->dev, "dev_set_name failed for device\n");
+		goto device_add_err;
+	}
+
+	dev_dbg(&vdev->dev, "Registering virtbus device '%s'\n",
+		dev_name(&vdev->dev));
+
+	ret = device_add(&vdev->dev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto device_add_err;
+
+	return 0;
+
+device_add_err:
+	dev_err(&vdev->dev, "Add device to virtbus failed!: %d\n", ret);
+	put_device(&vdev->dev);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtbus_register_device);
+
+static int virtbus_probe_driver(struct device *_dev)
+{
+	struct virtbus_driver *vdrv = to_virtbus_drv(_dev->driver);
+	struct virtbus_device *vdev = to_virtbus_dev(_dev);
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = dev_pm_domain_attach(_dev, true);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_warn(_dev, "Failed to attach to PM Domain : %d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = vdrv->probe(vdev);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(&vdev->dev, "Probe returned error\n");
+		dev_pm_domain_detach(_dev, true);
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int virtbus_remove_driver(struct device *_dev)
+{
+	struct virtbus_driver *vdrv = to_virtbus_drv(_dev->driver);
+	struct virtbus_device *vdev = to_virtbus_dev(_dev);
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	ret = vdrv->remove(vdev);
+	dev_pm_domain_detach(_dev, true);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void virtbus_shutdown_driver(struct device *_dev)
+{
+	struct virtbus_driver *vdrv = to_virtbus_drv(_dev->driver);
+	struct virtbus_device *vdev = to_virtbus_dev(_dev);
+
+	vdrv->shutdown(vdev);
+}
+
+/**
+ * __virtbus_register_driver - register a driver for virtual bus devices
+ * @vdrv: virtbus_driver structure
+ * @owner: owning module/driver
+ */
+int __virtbus_register_driver(struct virtbus_driver *vdrv, struct module *owner)
+{
+	if (!vdrv->probe || !vdrv->remove || !vdrv->shutdown || !vdrv->id_table)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	vdrv->driver.owner = owner;
+	vdrv->driver.bus = &virtual_bus_type;
+	vdrv->driver.probe = virtbus_probe_driver;
+	vdrv->driver.remove = virtbus_remove_driver;
+	vdrv->driver.shutdown = virtbus_shutdown_driver;
+
+	return driver_register(&vdrv->driver);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__virtbus_register_driver);
+
+static int __init virtual_bus_init(void)
+{
+	return bus_register(&virtual_bus_type);
+}
+
+static void __exit virtual_bus_exit(void)
+{
+	bus_unregister(&virtual_bus_type);
+	ida_destroy(&virtbus_dev_ida);
+}
+
+module_init(virtual_bus_init);
+module_exit(virtual_bus_exit);
diff --git a/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h b/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
index 4c2ddd0941a7..60bcfe75fb94 100644
--- a/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
+++ b/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
@@ -832,4 +832,12 @@  struct mhi_device_id {
 	kernel_ulong_t driver_data;
 };
 
+#define VIRTBUS_NAME_SIZE 20
+#define VIRTBUS_MODULE_PREFIX "virtbus:"
+
+struct virtbus_dev_id {
+	char name[VIRTBUS_NAME_SIZE];
+	kernel_ulong_t driver_data;
+};
+
 #endif /* LINUX_MOD_DEVICETABLE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/virtual_bus.h b/include/linux/virtual_bus.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4872fd5a9218
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/virtual_bus.h
@@ -0,0 +1,62 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * virtual_bus.h - lightweight software bus
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2019-2020 Intel Corporation
+ *
+ * Please see Documentation/driver-api/virtual_bus.rst for more information
+ */
+
+#ifndef _VIRTUAL_BUS_H_
+#define _VIRTUAL_BUS_H_
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+
+struct virtbus_device {
+	struct device dev;
+	const char *match_name;
+	void (*release)(struct virtbus_device *);
+	u32 id;
+};
+
+struct virtbus_driver {
+	int (*probe)(struct virtbus_device *);
+	int (*remove)(struct virtbus_device *);
+	void (*shutdown)(struct virtbus_device *);
+	int (*suspend)(struct virtbus_device *, pm_message_t);
+	int (*resume)(struct virtbus_device *);
+	struct device_driver driver;
+	const struct virtbus_dev_id *id_table;
+};
+
+static inline
+struct virtbus_device *to_virtbus_dev(struct device *dev)
+{
+	return container_of(dev, struct virtbus_device, dev);
+}
+
+static inline
+struct virtbus_driver *to_virtbus_drv(struct device_driver *drv)
+{
+	return container_of(drv, struct virtbus_driver, driver);
+}
+
+int virtbus_register_device(struct virtbus_device *vdev);
+
+int
+__virtbus_register_driver(struct virtbus_driver *vdrv, struct module *owner);
+
+#define virtbus_register_driver(vdrv) \
+	__virtbus_register_driver(vdrv, THIS_MODULE)
+
+static inline void virtbus_unregister_device(struct virtbus_device *vdev)
+{
+	device_unregister(&vdev->dev);
+}
+
+static inline void virtbus_unregister_driver(struct virtbus_driver *vdrv)
+{
+	driver_unregister(&vdrv->driver);
+}
+
+#endif /* _VIRTUAL_BUS_H_ */
diff --git a/scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c b/scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c
index 010be8ba2116..0c8e0e3a7c84 100644
--- a/scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c
+++ b/scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c
@@ -241,5 +241,8 @@  int main(void)
 	DEVID(mhi_device_id);
 	DEVID_FIELD(mhi_device_id, chan);
 
+	DEVID(virtbus_dev_id);
+	DEVID_FIELD(virtbus_dev_id, name);
+
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/scripts/mod/file2alias.c b/scripts/mod/file2alias.c
index 02d5d79da284..7d78fa3fba34 100644
--- a/scripts/mod/file2alias.c
+++ b/scripts/mod/file2alias.c
@@ -1358,7 +1358,13 @@  static int do_mhi_entry(const char *filename, void *symval, char *alias)
 {
 	DEF_FIELD_ADDR(symval, mhi_device_id, chan);
 	sprintf(alias, MHI_DEVICE_MODALIAS_FMT, *chan);
+	return 1;
+}
 
+static int do_virtbus_entry(const char *filename, void *symval, char *alias)
+{
+	DEF_FIELD_ADDR(symval, virtbus_dev_id, name);
+	sprintf(alias, VIRTBUS_MODULE_PREFIX "%s", *name);
 	return 1;
 }
 
@@ -1436,6 +1442,7 @@  static const struct devtable devtable[] = {
 	{"tee", SIZE_tee_client_device_id, do_tee_entry},
 	{"wmi", SIZE_wmi_device_id, do_wmi_entry},
 	{"mhi", SIZE_mhi_device_id, do_mhi_entry},
+	{"virtbus", SIZE_virtbus_dev_id, do_virtbus_entry},
 };
 
 /* Create MODULE_ALIAS() statements.