[v3,bpf-next,3/4] libbpf: add support for bpf_link-based cgroup attachment

Message ID 20200330030001.2312810-4-andriin@fb.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Untitled series #42573
Related show

Commit Message

Andrii Nakryiko March 30, 2020, 3 a.m.
Add bpf_program__attach_cgroup(), which uses BPF_LINK_CREATE subcommand to
create an FD-based kernel bpf_link. Also add low-level bpf_link_create() API.

If expected_attach_type is not specified explicitly with
bpf_program__set_expected_attach_type(), libbpf will try to determine proper
attach type from BPF program's section definition.

Also add support for bpf_link's underlying BPF program replacement:
  - unconditional through high-level bpf_link__update_program() API;
  - cmpxchg-like with specifying expected current BPF program through
    low-level bpf_link_update() API.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
---
 tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 12 +++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c            | 34 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h            | 19 ++++++++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c         | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h         |  8 +++++-
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map       |  4 +++
 6 files changed, 122 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Patch

diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 8b3f1c098ac0..6241cbcd2a64 100644
--- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -112,6 +112,7 @@  enum bpf_cmd {
 	BPF_MAP_UPDATE_BATCH,
 	BPF_MAP_DELETE_BATCH,
 	BPF_LINK_CREATE,
+	BPF_LINK_UPDATE,
 };
 
 enum bpf_map_type {
@@ -577,6 +578,17 @@  union bpf_attr {
 		__u32		attach_type;	/* attach type */
 		__u32		flags;		/* extra flags */
 	} link_create;
+
+	struct { /* struct used by BPF_LINK_UPDATE command */
+		__u32		link_fd;	/* link fd */
+		/* new program fd to update link with */
+		__u32		new_prog_fd;
+		__u32		flags;		/* extra flags */
+		/* expected link's program fd; is specified only if
+		 * BPF_F_REPLACE flag is set in flags */
+		__u32		old_prog_fd;
+	} link_update;
+
 } __attribute__((aligned(8)));
 
 /* The description below is an attempt at providing documentation to eBPF
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
index 73220176728d..5cc1b0785d18 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
@@ -585,6 +585,40 @@  int bpf_prog_detach2(int prog_fd, int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type)
 	return sys_bpf(BPF_PROG_DETACH, &attr, sizeof(attr));
 }
 
+int bpf_link_create(int prog_fd, int target_fd,
+		    enum bpf_attach_type attach_type,
+		    const struct bpf_link_create_opts *opts)
+{
+	union bpf_attr attr;
+
+	if (!OPTS_VALID(opts, bpf_link_create_opts))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	memset(&attr, 0, sizeof(attr));
+	attr.link_create.prog_fd = prog_fd;
+	attr.link_create.target_fd = target_fd;
+	attr.link_create.attach_type = attach_type;
+
+	return sys_bpf(BPF_LINK_CREATE, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
+int bpf_link_update(int link_fd, int new_prog_fd,
+		    const struct bpf_link_update_opts *opts)
+{
+	union bpf_attr attr;
+
+	if (!OPTS_VALID(opts, bpf_link_update_opts))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	memset(&attr, 0, sizeof(attr));
+	attr.link_update.link_fd = link_fd;
+	attr.link_update.new_prog_fd = new_prog_fd;
+	attr.link_update.flags = OPTS_GET(opts, flags, 0);
+	attr.link_update.old_prog_fd = OPTS_GET(opts, old_prog_fd, 0);
+
+	return sys_bpf(BPF_LINK_UPDATE, &attr, sizeof(attr));
+}
+
 int bpf_prog_query(int target_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type, __u32 query_flags,
 		   __u32 *attach_flags, __u32 *prog_ids, __u32 *prog_cnt)
 {
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
index b976e77316cc..46d47afdd887 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
@@ -168,6 +168,25 @@  LIBBPF_API int bpf_prog_detach(int attachable_fd, enum bpf_attach_type type);
 LIBBPF_API int bpf_prog_detach2(int prog_fd, int attachable_fd,
 				enum bpf_attach_type type);
 
+struct bpf_link_create_opts {
+	size_t sz; /* size of this struct for forward/backward compatibility */
+};
+#define bpf_link_create_opts__last_field sz
+
+LIBBPF_API int bpf_link_create(int prog_fd, int target_fd,
+			       enum bpf_attach_type attach_type,
+			       const struct bpf_link_create_opts *opts);
+
+struct bpf_link_update_opts {
+	size_t sz; /* size of this struct for forward/backward compatibility */
+	__u32 flags;	   /* extra flags */
+	__u32 old_prog_fd; /* expected old program FD */
+};
+#define bpf_link_update_opts__last_field old_prog_fd
+
+LIBBPF_API int bpf_link_update(int link_fd, int new_prog_fd,
+			       const struct bpf_link_update_opts *opts);
+
 struct bpf_prog_test_run_attr {
 	int prog_fd;
 	int repeat;
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
index 0638e717f502..ff9174282a8c 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
@@ -6978,6 +6978,12 @@  struct bpf_link {
 	bool disconnected;
 };
 
+/* Replace link's underlying BPF program with the new one */
+int bpf_link__update_program(struct bpf_link *link, struct bpf_program *prog)
+{
+	return bpf_link_update(bpf_link__fd(link), bpf_program__fd(prog), NULL);
+}
+
 /* Release "ownership" of underlying BPF resource (typically, BPF program
  * attached to some BPF hook, e.g., tracepoint, kprobe, etc). Disconnected
  * link, when destructed through bpf_link__destroy() call won't attempt to
@@ -7533,6 +7539,46 @@  static struct bpf_link *attach_lsm(const struct bpf_sec_def *sec,
 	return bpf_program__attach_lsm(prog);
 }
 
+struct bpf_link *
+bpf_program__attach_cgroup(struct bpf_program *prog, int cgroup_fd)
+{
+	const struct bpf_sec_def *sec_def;
+	enum bpf_attach_type attach_type;
+	char errmsg[STRERR_BUFSIZE];
+	struct bpf_link *link;
+	int prog_fd, link_fd;
+
+	prog_fd = bpf_program__fd(prog);
+	if (prog_fd < 0) {
+		pr_warn("program '%s': can't attach before loaded\n",
+			bpf_program__title(prog, false));
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+	}
+
+	link = calloc(1, sizeof(*link));
+	if (!link)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	link->detach = &bpf_link__detach_fd;
+
+	attach_type = bpf_program__get_expected_attach_type(prog);
+	if (!attach_type) {
+		sec_def = find_sec_def(bpf_program__title(prog, false));
+		if (sec_def)
+			attach_type = sec_def->attach_type;
+	}
+	link_fd = bpf_link_create(prog_fd, cgroup_fd, attach_type, NULL);
+	if (link_fd < 0) {
+		link_fd = -errno;
+		free(link);
+		pr_warn("program '%s': failed to attach to cgroup: %s\n",
+			bpf_program__title(prog, false),
+			libbpf_strerror_r(link_fd, errmsg, sizeof(errmsg)));
+		return ERR_PTR(link_fd);
+	}
+	link->fd = link_fd;
+	return link;
+}
+
 struct bpf_link *bpf_program__attach(struct bpf_program *prog)
 {
 	const struct bpf_sec_def *sec_def;
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
index 55348724c355..44df1d3e7287 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
@@ -224,6 +224,8 @@  LIBBPF_API int bpf_link__fd(const struct bpf_link *link);
 LIBBPF_API const char *bpf_link__pin_path(const struct bpf_link *link);
 LIBBPF_API int bpf_link__pin(struct bpf_link *link, const char *path);
 LIBBPF_API int bpf_link__unpin(struct bpf_link *link);
+LIBBPF_API int bpf_link__update_program(struct bpf_link *link,
+					struct bpf_program *prog);
 LIBBPF_API void bpf_link__disconnect(struct bpf_link *link);
 LIBBPF_API int bpf_link__destroy(struct bpf_link *link);
 
@@ -245,13 +247,17 @@  bpf_program__attach_tracepoint(struct bpf_program *prog,
 LIBBPF_API struct bpf_link *
 bpf_program__attach_raw_tracepoint(struct bpf_program *prog,
 				   const char *tp_name);
-
 LIBBPF_API struct bpf_link *
 bpf_program__attach_trace(struct bpf_program *prog);
 LIBBPF_API struct bpf_link *
 bpf_program__attach_lsm(struct bpf_program *prog);
+LIBBPF_API struct bpf_link *
+bpf_program__attach_cgroup(struct bpf_program *prog, int cgroup_fd);
+
 struct bpf_map;
+
 LIBBPF_API struct bpf_link *bpf_map__attach_struct_ops(struct bpf_map *map);
+
 struct bpf_insn;
 
 /*
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
index eabd3d3e689f..bb8831605b25 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
@@ -243,7 +243,11 @@  LIBBPF_0.0.8 {
 		bpf_link__pin;
 		bpf_link__pin_path;
 		bpf_link__unpin;
+		bpf_link__update_program;
+		bpf_link_create;
+		bpf_link_update;
 		bpf_map__set_initial_value;
+		bpf_program__attach_cgroup;
 		bpf_program__attach_lsm;
 		bpf_program__is_lsm;
 		bpf_program__set_attach_target;