[bpf-next,2/2] samples: bpf: refactor perf_event user program with libbpf bpf_link

Message ID 20200310055147.26678-3-danieltimlee@gmail.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • samples: bpf: refactor perf_event user program with libbpf bpf_link
Related show

Commit Message

Daniel T. Lee March 10, 2020, 5:51 a.m.
The bpf_program__attach of libbpf(using bpf_link) is much more intuitive
than the previous method using ioctl.

bpf_program__attach_perf_event manages the enable of perf_event and
attach of BPF programs to it, so there's no neeed to do this
directly with ioctl.

In addition, bpf_link provides consistency in the use of API because it
allows disable (detach, destroy) for multiple events to be treated as
one bpf_link__destroy.

This commit refactors samples that attach the bpf program to perf_event
by using libbbpf instead of ioctl. Also the bpf_load in the samples were
removed and migrated to use libbbpf API.

Signed-off-by: Daniel T. Lee <danieltimlee@gmail.com>
---
 samples/bpf/Makefile           |  4 +--
 samples/bpf/sampleip_user.c    | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 samples/bpf/trace_event_user.c | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 3 files changed, 78 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/samples/bpf/Makefile b/samples/bpf/Makefile
index ff0061467dd3..424f6fe7ce38 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/samples/bpf/Makefile
@@ -88,8 +88,8 @@  xdp2-objs := xdp1_user.o
 xdp_router_ipv4-objs := xdp_router_ipv4_user.o
 test_current_task_under_cgroup-objs := bpf_load.o $(CGROUP_HELPERS) \
 				       test_current_task_under_cgroup_user.o
-trace_event-objs := bpf_load.o trace_event_user.o $(TRACE_HELPERS)
-sampleip-objs := bpf_load.o sampleip_user.o $(TRACE_HELPERS)
+trace_event-objs := trace_event_user.o $(TRACE_HELPERS)
+sampleip-objs := sampleip_user.o $(TRACE_HELPERS)
 tc_l2_redirect-objs := bpf_load.o tc_l2_redirect_user.o
 lwt_len_hist-objs := bpf_load.o lwt_len_hist_user.o
 xdp_tx_iptunnel-objs := xdp_tx_iptunnel_user.o
diff --git a/samples/bpf/sampleip_user.c b/samples/bpf/sampleip_user.c
index b0f115f938bc..8a94ff558b17 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/sampleip_user.c
+++ b/samples/bpf/sampleip_user.c
@@ -10,13 +10,11 @@ 
 #include <errno.h>
 #include <signal.h>
 #include <string.h>
-#include <assert.h>
 #include <linux/perf_event.h>
 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
 #include <linux/bpf.h>
-#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <bpf/bpf.h>
 #include <bpf/libbpf.h>
-#include "bpf_load.h"
 #include "perf-sys.h"
 #include "trace_helpers.h"
 
@@ -25,6 +23,7 @@ 
 #define MAX_IPS		8192
 #define PAGE_OFFSET	0xffff880000000000
 
+static int map_fd;
 static int nr_cpus;
 
 static void usage(void)
@@ -34,7 +33,8 @@  static void usage(void)
 	printf("       duration   # sampling duration (seconds), default 5\n");
 }
 
-static int sampling_start(int *pmu_fd, int freq)
+static int sampling_start(int *pmu_fd, int freq, struct bpf_program *prog,
+			  struct bpf_link **link)
 {
 	int i;
 
@@ -53,20 +53,22 @@  static int sampling_start(int *pmu_fd, int freq)
 			fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: Initializing perf sampling\n");
 			return 1;
 		}
-		assert(ioctl(pmu_fd[i], PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_BPF,
-			     prog_fd[0]) == 0);
-		assert(ioctl(pmu_fd[i], PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE, 0) == 0);
+		link[i] = bpf_program__attach_perf_event(prog, pmu_fd[i]);
+		if (link[i] < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: Attach perf event\n");
+			return 1;
+		}
 	}
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static void sampling_end(int *pmu_fd)
+static void sampling_end(struct bpf_link **link)
 {
 	int i;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < nr_cpus; i++)
-		close(pmu_fd[i]);
+		bpf_link__destroy(link[i]);
 }
 
 struct ipcount {
@@ -128,14 +130,17 @@  static void print_ip_map(int fd)
 static void int_exit(int sig)
 {
 	printf("\n");
-	print_ip_map(map_fd[0]);
+	print_ip_map(map_fd);
 	exit(0);
 }
 
 int main(int argc, char **argv)
 {
+	int prog_fd, *pmu_fd, opt, freq = DEFAULT_FREQ, secs = DEFAULT_SECS;
+	struct bpf_program *prog;
+	struct bpf_object *obj;
+	struct bpf_link **link;
 	char filename[256];
-	int *pmu_fd, opt, freq = DEFAULT_FREQ, secs = DEFAULT_SECS;
 
 	/* process arguments */
 	while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "F:h")) != -1) {
@@ -165,36 +170,47 @@  int main(int argc, char **argv)
 	/* create perf FDs for each CPU */
 	nr_cpus = sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_CONF);
 	pmu_fd = malloc(nr_cpus * sizeof(int));
-	if (pmu_fd == NULL) {
-		fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: malloc of pmu_fd\n");
+	link = malloc(nr_cpus * sizeof(struct bpf_link *));
+	if (pmu_fd == NULL || link == NULL) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: malloc of pmu_fd/link\n");
 		return 1;
 	}
 
 	/* load BPF program */
 	snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
-	if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
+	if (bpf_prog_load(filename, BPF_PROG_TYPE_PERF_EVENT, &obj, &prog_fd)) {
 		fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: loading BPF program (errno %d):\n",
 			errno);
-		if (strcmp(bpf_log_buf, "") == 0)
-			fprintf(stderr, "Try: ulimit -l unlimited\n");
-		else
-			fprintf(stderr, "%s", bpf_log_buf);
 		return 1;
 	}
+
+	prog = bpf_program__next(NULL, obj);
+	if (!prog) {
+		printf("finding a prog in obj file failed\n");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	map_fd = bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name(obj, "ip_map");
+	if (map_fd < 0) {
+		printf("finding a ip_map map in obj file failed\n");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
 	signal(SIGINT, int_exit);
 	signal(SIGTERM, int_exit);
 
 	/* do sampling */
 	printf("Sampling at %d Hertz for %d seconds. Ctrl-C also ends.\n",
 	       freq, secs);
-	if (sampling_start(pmu_fd, freq) != 0)
+	if (sampling_start(pmu_fd, freq, prog, link) != 0)
 		return 1;
 	sleep(secs);
-	sampling_end(pmu_fd);
+	sampling_end(link);
 	free(pmu_fd);
+	free(link);
 
 	/* output sample counts */
-	print_ip_map(map_fd[0]);
+	print_ip_map(map_fd);
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/samples/bpf/trace_event_user.c b/samples/bpf/trace_event_user.c
index 356171bc392b..fb5c7b91e74c 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/trace_event_user.c
+++ b/samples/bpf/trace_event_user.c
@@ -6,22 +6,21 @@ 
 #include <stdlib.h>
 #include <stdbool.h>
 #include <string.h>
-#include <fcntl.h>
-#include <poll.h>
-#include <sys/ioctl.h>
 #include <linux/perf_event.h>
 #include <linux/bpf.h>
 #include <signal.h>
-#include <assert.h>
 #include <errno.h>
 #include <sys/resource.h>
+#include <bpf/bpf.h>
 #include <bpf/libbpf.h>
-#include "bpf_load.h"
 #include "perf-sys.h"
 #include "trace_helpers.h"
 
 #define SAMPLE_FREQ 50
 
+/* counts, stackmap */
+static int map_fd[2];
+struct bpf_program *prog;
 static bool sys_read_seen, sys_write_seen;
 
 static void print_ksym(__u64 addr)
@@ -137,6 +136,7 @@  static inline int generate_load(void)
 static void test_perf_event_all_cpu(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 {
 	int nr_cpus = sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_CONF);
+	struct bpf_link **link = malloc(nr_cpus * sizeof(struct bpf_link *));
 	int *pmu_fd = malloc(nr_cpus * sizeof(int));
 	int i, error = 0;
 
@@ -151,8 +151,12 @@  static void test_perf_event_all_cpu(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 			error = 1;
 			goto all_cpu_err;
 		}
-		assert(ioctl(pmu_fd[i], PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_BPF, prog_fd[0]) == 0);
-		assert(ioctl(pmu_fd[i], PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE) == 0);
+		link[i] = bpf_program__attach_perf_event(prog, pmu_fd[i]);
+		if (link[i] < 0) {
+			printf("bpf_program__attach_perf_event failed\n");
+			error = 1;
+			goto all_cpu_err;
+		}
 	}
 
 	if (generate_load() < 0) {
@@ -161,11 +165,11 @@  static void test_perf_event_all_cpu(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 	}
 	print_stacks();
 all_cpu_err:
-	for (i--; i >= 0; i--) {
-		ioctl(pmu_fd[i], PERF_EVENT_IOC_DISABLE);
-		close(pmu_fd[i]);
-	}
+	for (i--; i >= 0; i--)
+		bpf_link__destroy(link[i]);
+
 	free(pmu_fd);
+	free(link);
 	if (error)
 		int_exit(0);
 }
@@ -173,6 +177,7 @@  static void test_perf_event_all_cpu(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 static void test_perf_event_task(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 {
 	int pmu_fd, error = 0;
+	struct bpf_link *link;
 
 	/* per task perf event, enable inherit so the "dd ..." command can be traced properly.
 	 * Enabling inherit will cause bpf_perf_prog_read_time helper failure.
@@ -185,8 +190,12 @@  static void test_perf_event_task(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 		printf("sys_perf_event_open failed\n");
 		int_exit(0);
 	}
-	assert(ioctl(pmu_fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_BPF, prog_fd[0]) == 0);
-	assert(ioctl(pmu_fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE) == 0);
+	link = bpf_program__attach_perf_event(prog, pmu_fd);
+	if (link < 0) {
+		printf("bpf_program__attach_perf_event failed\n");
+		close(pmu_fd);
+		int_exit(0);
+	}
 
 	if (generate_load() < 0) {
 		error = 1;
@@ -194,8 +203,7 @@  static void test_perf_event_task(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 	}
 	print_stacks();
 err:
-	ioctl(pmu_fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_DISABLE);
-	close(pmu_fd);
+	bpf_link__destroy(link);
 	if (error)
 		int_exit(0);
 }
@@ -282,7 +290,9 @@  static void test_bpf_perf_event(void)
 int main(int argc, char **argv)
 {
 	struct rlimit r = {RLIM_INFINITY, RLIM_INFINITY};
+	struct bpf_object *obj;
 	char filename[256];
+	int prog_fd;
 
 	snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
 	setrlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, &r);
@@ -295,9 +305,20 @@  int main(int argc, char **argv)
 		return 1;
 	}
 
-	if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
-		printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
-		return 2;
+	if (bpf_prog_load(filename, BPF_PROG_TYPE_PERF_EVENT, &obj, &prog_fd))
+		return 1;
+
+	prog = bpf_program__next(NULL, obj);
+	if (!prog) {
+		printf("finding a prog in obj file failed\n");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	map_fd[0] = bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name(obj, "counts");
+	map_fd[1] = bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name(obj, "stackmap");
+	if (map_fd[0] < 0 || map_fd[1] < 0) {
+		printf("finding a counts/stackmap map in obj file failed\n");
+		return 1;
 	}
 
 	if (fork() == 0) {