[v8,06/10] sched: get CPU's usage statistic

Message ID 1414745252-4895-7-git-send-email-vincent.guittot@linaro.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Vincent Guittot Oct. 31, 2014, 8:47 a.m.
Monitor the usage level of each group of each sched_domain level. The usage is
the portion of cpu_capacity_orig that is currently used on a CPU or group of
CPUs. We use the utilization_load_avg to evaluate the usage level of each

The utilization_load_avg only takes into account the running time of the CFS
tasks on a CPU with a maximum value of SCHED_LOAD_SCALE when the CPU is fully
utilized. Nevertheless, we must cap utilization_load_avg which can be temporaly
greater than SCHED_LOAD_SCALE after the migration of a task on this CPU and
until the metrics are stabilized.

The utilization_load_avg is in the range [0..SCHED_LOAD_SCALE] to reflect the
running load on the CPU whereas the available capacity for the CFS task is in
the range [0..cpu_capacity_orig]. In order to test if a CPU is fully utilized
by CFS tasks, we have to scale the utilization in the cpu_capacity_orig range
of the CPU to get the usage of the latter. The usage can then be compared with
the available capacity (ie cpu_capacity) to deduct the usage level of a CPU.

The frequency scaling invariance of the usage is not taken into account in this
patch, it will be solved in another patch which will deal with frequency
scaling invariance on the running_load_avg.

Signed-off-by: Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org>
 kernel/sched/fair.c | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 29 insertions(+)


diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 9ab5233..7ca5656 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -4552,6 +4552,33 @@  static int select_idle_sibling(struct task_struct *p, int target)
 	return target;
+ * get_cpu_usage returns the amount of capacity of a CPU that is used by CFS
+ * tasks. The unit of the return value must capacity so we can compare the
+ * usage with the capacity of the CPU that is available for CFS task (ie
+ * cpu_capacity).
+ * cfs.utilization_load_avg is the sum of running time of runnable tasks on a
+ * CPU. It represents the amount of utilization of a CPU in the range
+ * [0..SCHED_LOAD_SCALE].  The usage of a CPU can't be higher than the full
+ * capacity of the CPU because it's about the running time on this CPU.
+ * Nevertheless, cfs.utilization_load_avg can be higher than SCHED_LOAD_SCALE
+ * because of unfortunate rounding in avg_period and running_load_avg or just
+ * after migrating tasks until the average stabilizes with the new running
+ * time. So we need to check that the usage stays into the range
+ * [0..cpu_capacity_orig] and cap if necessary.
+ * Without capping the usage, a group could be seen as overloaded (CPU0 usage
+ * at 121% + CPU1 usage at 80%) whereas CPU1 has 20% of available capacity/
+ */
+static int get_cpu_usage(int cpu)
+	unsigned long usage = cpu_rq(cpu)->cfs.utilization_load_avg;
+	unsigned long capacity = capacity_orig_of(cpu);
+	if (usage >= SCHED_LOAD_SCALE)
+		return capacity;
+	return (usage * capacity) >> SCHED_LOAD_SHIFT;
  * select_task_rq_fair: Select target runqueue for the waking task in domains
@@ -5681,6 +5708,7 @@  struct sg_lb_stats {
 	unsigned long sum_weighted_load; /* Weighted load of group's tasks */
 	unsigned long load_per_task;
 	unsigned long group_capacity;
+	unsigned long group_usage; /* Total usage of the group */
 	unsigned int sum_nr_running; /* Nr tasks running in the group */
 	unsigned int group_capacity_factor;
 	unsigned int idle_cpus;
@@ -6048,6 +6076,7 @@  static inline void update_sg_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env,
 			load = source_load(i, load_idx);
 		sgs->group_load += load;
+		sgs->group_usage += get_cpu_usage(i);
 		sgs->sum_nr_running += rq->cfs.h_nr_running;
 		if (rq->nr_running > 1)