[RESEND,2/3,v6] cpufreq: mediatek: Add MT8173 cpufreq driver

Message ID 1439803465-19683-3-git-send-email-pi-cheng.chen@linaro.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

pi-cheng.chen Aug. 17, 2015, 9:24 a.m.
Mediatek MT8173 is an ARMv8 based quad-core (2*Cortex-A53 and
2*Cortex-A72) SoC with duall clusters. For each cluster, two voltage
inputs, Vproc and Vsram are supplied by two regulators. For the big
cluster, two regulators come from different PMICs. In this case, when
scaling voltage inputs of the cluster, the voltages of two regulator
inputs need to be controlled by software explicitly under the SoC
specific limitation:

	100mV < Vsram - Vproc < 200mV

which is called 'voltage tracking' mechanism. And when scaling the
frequency of cluster clock input, the input MUX need to be parented to
another "intermediate" stable PLL first and reparented to the original
PLL once the original PLL is stable at the target frequency. This patch
implements those mechanisms to enable CPU DVFS support for Mediatek
MT8173 SoC.

Signed-off-by: Pi-Cheng Chen <pi-cheng.chen@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm      |   7 +
 drivers/cpufreq/Makefile         |   1 +
 drivers/cpufreq/mt8173-cpufreq.c | 524 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 532 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/cpufreq/mt8173-cpufreq.c

Comments

Viresh Kumar Aug. 18, 2015, 10:24 a.m. | #1
On 18-08-15, 12:09, Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz wrote:
> > +	pdev = platform_device_register_simple("mt8173-cpufreq", -1, NULL, 0);
> 
> This is not very friendly for multiplatform support
> (mt8173_cpufreq_driver_init() can be called on other platforms,
> i.e. Samsung Exynos7 one if ARCH_EXYNOS7 is also enabled in
> the kernel config).
> 
> Why can't it be fixed with checking Device Tree with
> of_machine_is_compatible("mediatek,mt8173")
> (assuming that it can be used on arm64 like on arm32)?

Because I asked him to remove that in v5 :( as I somehow had in mind
that this wouldn't even compile for other platforms.

@Pi-cheng: Please send v7 only for this patch and add the DT platform
check you were doing earlier. Sorry.

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm b/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
index cc8a71c..2bacf24 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
@@ -130,6 +130,13 @@  config ARM_KIRKWOOD_CPUFREQ
 	  This adds the CPUFreq driver for Marvell Kirkwood
 	  SoCs.
 
+config ARM_MT8173_CPUFREQ
+	bool "Mediatek MT8173 CPUFreq support"
+	depends on ARCH_MEDIATEK && REGULATOR
+	select PM_OPP
+	help
+	  This adds the CPUFreq driver support for Mediatek MT8173 SoC.
+
 config ARM_OMAP2PLUS_CPUFREQ
 	bool "TI OMAP2+"
 	depends on ARCH_OMAP2PLUS
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/Makefile b/drivers/cpufreq/Makefile
index 2169bf7..9c75faf 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/Makefile
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_HISI_ACPU_CPUFREQ)	+= hisi-acpu-cpufreq.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_IMX6Q_CPUFREQ)		+= imx6q-cpufreq.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_INTEGRATOR)		+= integrator-cpufreq.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_KIRKWOOD_CPUFREQ)	+= kirkwood-cpufreq.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_MT8173_CPUFREQ)	+= mt8173-cpufreq.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_OMAP2PLUS_CPUFREQ)	+= omap-cpufreq.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_PXA2xx_CPUFREQ)	+= pxa2xx-cpufreq.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PXA3xx)			+= pxa3xx-cpufreq.o
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/mt8173-cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/mt8173-cpufreq.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..763f1e3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/mt8173-cpufreq.c
@@ -0,0 +1,524 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2015 Linaro Ltd.
+ * Author: Pi-Cheng Chen <pi-cheng.chen@linaro.org>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/cpu_cooling.h>
+#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/pm_opp.h>
+#include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/thermal.h>
+
+#define MIN_VOLT_SHIFT		(100000)
+#define MAX_VOLT_SHIFT		(200000)
+#define MAX_VOLT_LIMIT		(1150000)
+#define VOLT_TOL		(10000)
+
+/*
+ * The struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info holds necessary information for doing CPU DVFS
+ * on each CPU power/clock domain of Mediatek SoCs. Each CPU cluster in
+ * Mediatek SoCs has two voltage inputs, Vproc and Vsram. In some cases the two
+ * voltage inputs need to be controlled under a hardware limitation:
+ * 100mV < Vsram - Vproc < 200mV
+ *
+ * When scaling the clock frequency of a CPU clock domain, the clock source
+ * needs to be switched to another stable PLL clock temporarily until
+ * the original PLL becomes stable at target frequency.
+ */
+struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info {
+	struct device *cpu_dev;
+	struct regulator *proc_reg;
+	struct regulator *sram_reg;
+	struct clk *cpu_clk;
+	struct clk *inter_clk;
+	struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev;
+	int intermediate_voltage;
+	bool need_voltage_tracking;
+};
+
+static int mtk_cpufreq_voltage_tracking(struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info *info,
+					int new_vproc)
+{
+	struct regulator *proc_reg = info->proc_reg;
+	struct regulator *sram_reg = info->sram_reg;
+	int old_vproc, old_vsram, new_vsram, vsram, vproc, ret;
+
+	old_vproc = regulator_get_voltage(proc_reg);
+	old_vsram = regulator_get_voltage(sram_reg);
+	/* Vsram should not exceed the maximum allowed voltage of SoC. */
+	new_vsram = min(new_vproc + MIN_VOLT_SHIFT, MAX_VOLT_LIMIT);
+
+	if (old_vproc < new_vproc) {
+		/*
+		 * When scaling up voltages, Vsram and Vproc scale up step
+		 * by step. At each step, set Vsram to (Vproc + 200mV) first,
+		 * then set Vproc to (Vsram - 100mV).
+		 * Keep doing it until Vsram and Vproc hit target voltages.
+		 */
+		do {
+			old_vsram = regulator_get_voltage(sram_reg);
+			old_vproc = regulator_get_voltage(proc_reg);
+
+			vsram = min(new_vsram, old_vproc + MAX_VOLT_SHIFT);
+
+			if (vsram + VOLT_TOL >= MAX_VOLT_LIMIT) {
+				vsram = MAX_VOLT_LIMIT;
+
+				/*
+				 * If the target Vsram hits the maximum voltage,
+				 * try to set the exact voltage value first.
+				 */
+				ret = regulator_set_voltage(sram_reg, vsram,
+							    vsram);
+				if (ret)
+					ret = regulator_set_voltage(sram_reg,
+							vsram - VOLT_TOL,
+							vsram);
+
+				vproc = new_vproc;
+			} else {
+				ret = regulator_set_voltage(sram_reg, vsram,
+							    vsram + VOLT_TOL);
+
+				vproc = vsram - MIN_VOLT_SHIFT;
+			}
+			if (ret)
+				return ret;
+
+			ret = regulator_set_voltage(proc_reg, vproc,
+						    vproc + VOLT_TOL);
+			if (ret) {
+				regulator_set_voltage(sram_reg, old_vsram,
+						      old_vsram);
+				return ret;
+			}
+		} while (vproc < new_vproc || vsram < new_vsram);
+	} else if (old_vproc > new_vproc) {
+		/*
+		 * When scaling down voltages, Vsram and Vproc scale down step
+		 * by step. At each step, set Vproc to (Vsram - 200mV) first,
+		 * then set Vproc to (Vproc + 100mV).
+		 * Keep doing it until Vsram and Vproc hit target voltages.
+		 */
+		do {
+			old_vproc = regulator_get_voltage(proc_reg);
+			old_vsram = regulator_get_voltage(sram_reg);
+
+			vproc = max(new_vproc, old_vsram - MAX_VOLT_SHIFT);
+			ret = regulator_set_voltage(proc_reg, vproc,
+						    vproc + VOLT_TOL);
+			if (ret)
+				return ret;
+
+			if (vproc == new_vproc)
+				vsram = new_vsram;
+			else
+				vsram = max(new_vsram, vproc + MIN_VOLT_SHIFT);
+
+			if (vsram + VOLT_TOL >= MAX_VOLT_LIMIT) {
+				vsram = MAX_VOLT_LIMIT;
+
+				/*
+				 * If the target Vsram hits the maximum voltage,
+				 * try to set the exact voltage value first.
+				 */
+				ret = regulator_set_voltage(sram_reg, vsram,
+							    vsram);
+				if (ret)
+					ret = regulator_set_voltage(sram_reg,
+							vsram - VOLT_TOL,
+							vsram);
+			} else {
+				ret = regulator_set_voltage(sram_reg, vsram,
+							    vsram + VOLT_TOL);
+			}
+
+			if (ret) {
+				regulator_set_voltage(proc_reg, old_vproc,
+						      old_vproc);
+				return ret;
+			}
+		} while (vproc > new_vproc + VOLT_TOL ||
+			 vsram > new_vsram + VOLT_TOL);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int mtk_cpufreq_set_voltage(struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info *info, int vproc)
+{
+	if (info->need_voltage_tracking)
+		return mtk_cpufreq_voltage_tracking(info, vproc);
+	else
+		return regulator_set_voltage(info->proc_reg, vproc,
+					     vproc + VOLT_TOL);
+}
+
+static int mtk_cpufreq_set_target(struct cpufreq_policy *policy,
+				  unsigned int index)
+{
+	struct cpufreq_frequency_table *freq_table = policy->freq_table;
+	struct clk *cpu_clk = policy->clk;
+	struct clk *armpll = clk_get_parent(cpu_clk);
+	struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info *info = policy->driver_data;
+	struct device *cpu_dev = info->cpu_dev;
+	struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
+	long freq_hz, old_freq_hz;
+	int vproc, old_vproc, inter_vproc, target_vproc, ret;
+
+	inter_vproc = info->intermediate_voltage;
+
+	old_freq_hz = clk_get_rate(cpu_clk);
+	old_vproc = regulator_get_voltage(info->proc_reg);
+
+	freq_hz = freq_table[index].frequency * 1000;
+
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_ceil(cpu_dev, &freq_hz);
+	if (IS_ERR(opp)) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
+		pr_err("cpu%d: failed to find OPP for %ld\n",
+		       policy->cpu, freq_hz);
+		return PTR_ERR(opp);
+	}
+	vproc = dev_pm_opp_get_voltage(opp);
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+
+	/*
+	 * If the new voltage or the intermediate voltage is higher than the
+	 * current voltage, scale up voltage first.
+	 */
+	target_vproc = (inter_vproc > vproc) ? inter_vproc : vproc;
+	if (old_vproc < target_vproc) {
+		ret = mtk_cpufreq_set_voltage(info, target_vproc);
+		if (ret) {
+			pr_err("cpu%d: failed to scale up voltage!\n",
+			       policy->cpu);
+			mtk_cpufreq_set_voltage(info, old_vproc);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Reparent the CPU clock to intermediate clock. */
+	ret = clk_set_parent(cpu_clk, info->inter_clk);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("cpu%d: failed to re-parent cpu clock!\n",
+		       policy->cpu);
+		mtk_cpufreq_set_voltage(info, old_vproc);
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Set the original PLL to target rate. */
+	ret = clk_set_rate(armpll, freq_hz);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("cpu%d: failed to scale cpu clock rate!\n",
+		       policy->cpu);
+		clk_set_parent(cpu_clk, armpll);
+		mtk_cpufreq_set_voltage(info, old_vproc);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Set parent of CPU clock back to the original PLL. */
+	ret = clk_set_parent(cpu_clk, armpll);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("cpu%d: failed to re-parent cpu clock!\n",
+		       policy->cpu);
+		mtk_cpufreq_set_voltage(info, inter_vproc);
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * If the new voltage is lower than the intermediate voltage or the
+	 * original voltage, scale down to the new voltage.
+	 */
+	if (vproc < inter_vproc || vproc < old_vproc) {
+		ret = mtk_cpufreq_set_voltage(info, vproc);
+		if (ret) {
+			pr_err("cpu%d: failed to scale down voltage!\n",
+			       policy->cpu);
+			clk_set_parent(cpu_clk, info->inter_clk);
+			clk_set_rate(armpll, old_freq_hz);
+			clk_set_parent(cpu_clk, armpll);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void mtk_cpufreq_ready(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
+{
+	struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info *info = policy->driver_data;
+	struct device_node *np = of_node_get(info->cpu_dev->of_node);
+
+	if (WARN_ON(!np))
+		return;
+
+	if (of_find_property(np, "#cooling-cells", NULL)) {
+		info->cdev = of_cpufreq_cooling_register(np,
+							 policy->related_cpus);
+
+		if (IS_ERR(info->cdev)) {
+			dev_err(info->cpu_dev,
+				"running cpufreq without cooling device: %ld\n",
+				PTR_ERR(info->cdev));
+
+			info->cdev = NULL;
+		}
+	}
+
+	of_node_put(np);
+}
+
+static int mtk_cpu_dvfs_info_init(struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info *info, int cpu)
+{
+	struct device *cpu_dev;
+	struct regulator *proc_reg = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+	struct regulator *sram_reg = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+	struct clk *cpu_clk = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+	struct clk *inter_clk = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+	struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
+	unsigned long rate;
+	int ret;
+
+	cpu_dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
+	if (!cpu_dev) {
+		pr_err("failed to get cpu%d device\n", cpu);
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	cpu_clk = clk_get(cpu_dev, "cpu");
+	if (IS_ERR(cpu_clk)) {
+		if (PTR_ERR(cpu_clk) == -EPROBE_DEFER)
+			pr_warn("cpu clk for cpu%d not ready, retry.\n", cpu);
+		else
+			pr_err("failed to get cpu clk for cpu%d\n", cpu);
+
+		ret = PTR_ERR(cpu_clk);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	inter_clk = clk_get(cpu_dev, "intermediate");
+	if (IS_ERR(inter_clk)) {
+		if (PTR_ERR(inter_clk) == -EPROBE_DEFER)
+			pr_warn("intermediate clk for cpu%d not ready, retry.\n",
+				cpu);
+		else
+			pr_err("failed to get intermediate clk for cpu%d\n",
+			       cpu);
+
+		ret = PTR_ERR(inter_clk);
+		goto out_free_resources;
+	}
+
+	proc_reg = regulator_get_exclusive(cpu_dev, "proc");
+	if (IS_ERR(proc_reg)) {
+		if (PTR_ERR(proc_reg) == -EPROBE_DEFER)
+			pr_warn("proc regulator for cpu%d not ready, retry.\n",
+				cpu);
+		else
+			pr_err("failed to get proc regulator for cpu%d\n",
+			       cpu);
+
+		ret = PTR_ERR(proc_reg);
+		goto out_free_resources;
+	}
+
+	/* Both presence and absence of sram regulator are valid cases. */
+	sram_reg = regulator_get_exclusive(cpu_dev, "sram");
+
+	ret = of_init_opp_table(cpu_dev);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_warn("no OPP table for cpu%d\n", cpu);
+		goto out_free_resources;
+	}
+
+	/* Search a safe voltage for intermediate frequency. */
+	rate = clk_get_rate(inter_clk);
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_ceil(cpu_dev, &rate);
+	if (IS_ERR(opp)) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
+		pr_err("failed to get intermediate opp for cpu%d\n", cpu);
+		ret = PTR_ERR(opp);
+		goto out_free_opp_table;
+	}
+	info->intermediate_voltage = dev_pm_opp_get_voltage(opp);
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+
+	info->cpu_dev = cpu_dev;
+	info->proc_reg = proc_reg;
+	info->sram_reg = IS_ERR(sram_reg) ? NULL : sram_reg;
+	info->cpu_clk = cpu_clk;
+	info->inter_clk = inter_clk;
+
+	/*
+	 * If SRAM regulator is present, software "voltage tracking" is needed
+	 * for this CPU power domain.
+	 */
+	info->need_voltage_tracking = !IS_ERR(sram_reg);
+
+	return 0;
+
+out_free_opp_table:
+	of_free_opp_table(cpu_dev);
+
+out_free_resources:
+	if (!IS_ERR(proc_reg))
+		regulator_put(proc_reg);
+	if (!IS_ERR(sram_reg))
+		regulator_put(sram_reg);
+	if (!IS_ERR(cpu_clk))
+		clk_put(cpu_clk);
+	if (!IS_ERR(inter_clk))
+		clk_put(inter_clk);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void mtk_cpu_dvfs_info_release(struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info *info)
+{
+	if (!IS_ERR(info->proc_reg))
+		regulator_put(info->proc_reg);
+	if (!IS_ERR(info->sram_reg))
+		regulator_put(info->sram_reg);
+	if (!IS_ERR(info->cpu_clk))
+		clk_put(info->cpu_clk);
+	if (!IS_ERR(info->inter_clk))
+		clk_put(info->inter_clk);
+
+	of_free_opp_table(info->cpu_dev);
+}
+
+static int mtk_cpufreq_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
+{
+	struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info *info;
+	struct cpufreq_frequency_table *freq_table;
+	int ret;
+
+	info = kzalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!info)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	ret = mtk_cpu_dvfs_info_init(info, policy->cpu);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("%s failed to initialize dvfs info for cpu%d\n",
+		       __func__, policy->cpu);
+		goto out_free_dvfs_info;
+	}
+
+	ret = dev_pm_opp_init_cpufreq_table(info->cpu_dev, &freq_table);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("failed to init cpufreq table for cpu%d: %d\n",
+		       policy->cpu, ret);
+		goto out_release_dvfs_info;
+	}
+
+	ret = cpufreq_table_validate_and_show(policy, freq_table);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("%s: invalid frequency table: %d\n", __func__, ret);
+		goto out_free_cpufreq_table;
+	}
+
+	/* CPUs in the same cluster share a clock and power domain. */
+	cpumask_copy(policy->cpus, &cpu_topology[policy->cpu].core_sibling);
+	policy->driver_data = info;
+	policy->clk = info->cpu_clk;
+
+	return 0;
+
+out_free_cpufreq_table:
+	dev_pm_opp_free_cpufreq_table(info->cpu_dev, &freq_table);
+
+out_release_dvfs_info:
+	mtk_cpu_dvfs_info_release(info);
+
+out_free_dvfs_info:
+	kfree(info);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int mtk_cpufreq_exit(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
+{
+	struct mtk_cpu_dvfs_info *info = policy->driver_data;
+
+	cpufreq_cooling_unregister(info->cdev);
+	dev_pm_opp_free_cpufreq_table(info->cpu_dev, &policy->freq_table);
+	mtk_cpu_dvfs_info_release(info);
+	kfree(info);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct cpufreq_driver mt8173_cpufreq_driver = {
+	.flags = CPUFREQ_STICKY | CPUFREQ_NEED_INITIAL_FREQ_CHECK,
+	.verify = cpufreq_generic_frequency_table_verify,
+	.target_index = mtk_cpufreq_set_target,
+	.get = cpufreq_generic_get,
+	.init = mtk_cpufreq_init,
+	.exit = mtk_cpufreq_exit,
+	.ready = mtk_cpufreq_ready,
+	.name = "mtk-cpufreq",
+	.attr = cpufreq_generic_attr,
+};
+
+static int mt8173_cpufreq_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = cpufreq_register_driver(&mt8173_cpufreq_driver);
+	if (ret)
+		pr_err("failed to register mtk cpufreq driver\n");
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver mt8173_cpufreq_platdrv = {
+	.driver = {
+		.name	= "mt8173-cpufreq",
+	},
+	.probe		= mt8173_cpufreq_probe,
+};
+
+static int mt8173_cpufreq_driver_init(void)
+{
+	struct platform_device *pdev;
+	int err;
+
+	err = platform_driver_register(&mt8173_cpufreq_platdrv);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	/*
+	 * Since there's no place to hold device registration code and no
+	 * device tree based way to match cpufreq driver yet, both the driver
+	 * and the device registration codes are put here to handle defer
+	 * probing.
+	 */
+	pdev = platform_device_register_simple("mt8173-cpufreq", -1, NULL, 0);
+	if (IS_ERR(pdev)) {
+		pr_err("failed to register mtk-cpufreq platform device\n");
+		return PTR_ERR(pdev);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+device_initcall(mt8173_cpufreq_driver_init);