[v9,4/5] Watchdog: introdouce "pretimeout" into framework

Message ID 1447054279-12470-5-git-send-email-fu.wei@linaro.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Fu Wei Nov. 9, 2015, 7:31 a.m.
From: Fu Wei <fu.wei@linaro.org>


Also update Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-kernel-api.txt to
introduce:
(1)the new elements in the watchdog_device and watchdog_ops struct;
(2)the new API "watchdog_init_timeouts"

Reasons:
(1)kernel already has two watchdog drivers are using "pretimeout":
	drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_watchdog.c
	drivers/watchdog/kempld_wdt.c(but the definition is different)
(2)some other drivers are going to use this: ARM SBSA Generic Watchdog

Signed-off-by: Fu Wei <fu.wei@linaro.org>

Tested-by: Pratyush Anand <panand@redhat.com>

---
 Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-kernel-api.txt |  61 ++++++++++--
 drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c               | 127 +++++++++++++++++++------
 drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c                |  53 +++++++++++
 include/linux/watchdog.h                       |  39 +++++++-
 4 files changed, 238 insertions(+), 42 deletions(-)

-- 
2.5.0

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diff --git a/Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-kernel-api.txt b/Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-kernel-api.txt
index d8b0d33..c123775 100644
--- a/Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-kernel-api.txt
+++ b/Documentation/watchdog/watchdog-kernel-api.txt
@@ -53,6 +53,9 @@  struct watchdog_device {
 	unsigned int timeout;
 	unsigned int min_timeout;
 	unsigned int max_timeout;
+	unsigned int pretimeout;
+	unsigned int min_pretimeout;
+	unsigned int max_pretimeout;
 	void *driver_data;
 	struct mutex lock;
 	unsigned long status;
@@ -75,6 +78,9 @@  It contains following fields:
 * timeout: the watchdog timer's timeout value (in seconds).
 * min_timeout: the watchdog timer's minimum timeout value (in seconds).
 * max_timeout: the watchdog timer's maximum timeout value (in seconds).
+* pretimeout: the watchdog timer's pretimeout value (in seconds).
+* min_pretimeout: the watchdog timer's minimum pretimeout value (in seconds).
+* max_pretimeout: the watchdog timer's maximum pretimeout value (in seconds).
 * bootstatus: status of the device after booting (reported with watchdog
   WDIOF_* status bits).
 * driver_data: a pointer to the drivers private data of a watchdog device.
@@ -99,6 +105,7 @@  struct watchdog_ops {
 	int (*ping)(struct watchdog_device *);
 	unsigned int (*status)(struct watchdog_device *);
 	int (*set_timeout)(struct watchdog_device *, unsigned int);
+	int (*set_pretimeout)(struct watchdog_device *, unsigned int);
 	unsigned int (*get_timeleft)(struct watchdog_device *);
 	void (*ref)(struct watchdog_device *);
 	void (*unref)(struct watchdog_device *);
@@ -156,13 +163,24 @@  they are supported. These optional routines/operations are:
 * status: this routine checks the status of the watchdog timer device. The
   status of the device is reported with watchdog WDIOF_* status flags/bits.
 * set_timeout: this routine checks and changes the timeout of the watchdog
-  timer device. It returns 0 on success, -EINVAL for "parameter out of range"
-  and -EIO for "could not write value to the watchdog". On success this
-  routine should set the timeout value of the watchdog_device to the
-  achieved timeout value (which may be different from the requested one
-  because the watchdog does not necessarily has a 1 second resolution).
+  timer device. It returns 0 on success, -EINVAL for "parameter out of
+  range" (e.g., if the driver supports pretimeout, then the requested
+  timeout value must be greater than the pretimeout value) and -EIO for
+  "could not write value to the watchdog". On success this routine will
+  set the timeout value of the watchdog_device to an actual timeout value
+  (which may be different from the requested one because the watchdog does
+  not necessarily have a 1 second resolution).
   (Note: the WDIOF_SETTIMEOUT needs to be set in the options field of the
   watchdog's info structure).
+* set_pretimeout: this routine checks and changes the pretimeout of the
+  watchdog timer device. It returns 0 on success, -EINVAL for "parameter
+  out of range" and -EIO for "could not write value to the watchdog". On
+  success this routine will set the pretimeout value of the
+  watchdog_device to an actual pretimeout value (which may be different
+  from the requested one because the watchdog does not necessarily have a
+  1 second resolution).
+  (Note: the WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT needs to be set in the options field of the
+  watchdog's info structure).
 * get_timeleft: this routines returns the time that's left before a reset.
 * ref: the operation that calls kref_get on the kref of a dynamically
   allocated watchdog_device struct.
@@ -220,14 +238,39 @@  The watchdog_get_drvdata function allows you to retrieve driver specific data.
 The argument of this function is the watchdog device where you want to retrieve
 data from. The function returns the pointer to the driver specific data.
 
+There are three possible sources of driver default timeout values:
+(1) the driver contains hard-coded default values;
+(2) the timeout-sec from the device tree;
+(3) module parameters can be given when the module is loaded.
 To initialize the timeout field, the following function can be used:
 
 extern int watchdog_init_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
                                   unsigned int timeout_parm, struct device *dev);
 
 The watchdog_init_timeout function allows you to initialize the timeout field
-using the module timeout parameter or by retrieving the timeout-sec property from
-the device tree (if the module timeout parameter is invalid). Best practice is
-to set the default timeout value as timeout value in the watchdog_device and
-then use this function to set the user "preferred" timeout value.
+using the module timeout parameter or by retrieving the first element of
+the timeout-sec property from the device tree (if the module timeout
+parameter is invalid). Best practice is to set the default timeout value
+as the timeout value in the watchdog_device and then use this function to
+set the user preferred timeout value. By this way, if timeout values are
+provided when the module loads, they will take priority. Second priority
+will be the timeout-sec from DTB, and third the hard-coded driver values.
+This routine returns zero on success and a negative errno code for failure.
+
+Some watchdog timers have two stages of timeout (timeout and pretimeout).
+To initialize the timeout and pretimeout fields at the same time, the
+following function can be used:
+
+int watchdog_init_timeouts(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+                                  unsigned int pretimeout_parm,
+                                  unsigned int timeout_parm,
+                                  struct device *dev);
+
+The watchdog_init_timeouts function allows you to initialize the
+pretimeout and timeout fields using the module pretimeout and timeout
+parameter or by retrieving the elements in the timeout-sec property from
+the device tree (if the module pretimeout and timeout parameter are
+invalid). Best practice is to set the default pretimeout and timeout
+values as pretimeout and timeout values in the watchdog_device and then
+use this function to set the user preferred pretimeout and timeout value.
 This routine returns zero on success and a negative errno code for failure.
diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
index 1a80594..44918d5 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c
@@ -85,57 +85,126 @@  static void watchdog_deferred_registration_del(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
 static void watchdog_check_min_max_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
 {
 	/*
-	 * Check that we have valid min and max timeout values, if
-	 * not reset them both to 0 (=not used or unknown)
+	 * Check that we have valid min and max pretimeout and timeout values,
+	 * if not, reset them all to 0 (=not used or unknown)
 	 */
-	if (wdd->min_timeout > wdd->max_timeout) {
-		pr_info("Invalid min and max timeout values, resetting to 0!\n");
+	if (wdd->min_pretimeout > wdd->max_pretimeout ||
+	    wdd->min_timeout > wdd->max_timeout ||
+	    wdd->min_timeout < wdd->min_pretimeout ||
+	    wdd->max_timeout < wdd->max_pretimeout) {
+		pr_info("Invalid min or max timeouts, resetting to 0\n");
+		wdd->min_pretimeout = 0;
+		wdd->max_pretimeout = 0;
 		wdd->min_timeout = 0;
 		wdd->max_timeout = 0;
 	}
 }
 
 /**
- * watchdog_init_timeout() - initialize the timeout field
+ * watchdog_init_timeouts() - initialize the pretimeout and timeout field
+ * @pretimeout_parm: pretimeout module parameter
  * @timeout_parm: timeout module parameter
  * @dev: Device that stores the timeout-sec property
  *
- * Initialize the timeout field of the watchdog_device struct with either the
- * timeout module parameter (if it is valid value) or the timeout-sec property
- * (only if it is a valid value and the timeout_parm is out of bounds).
- * If none of them are valid then we keep the old value (which should normally
- * be the default timeout value.
+ * Initialize the pretimeout and timeout field of the watchdog_device struct
+ * with both the pretimeout and timeout module parameters (if they are valid) or
+ * the timeout-sec property (only if they are valid and the pretimeout_parm or
+ * timeout_parm is out of bounds). If one of them is invalid, then we keep
+ * the old value (which should normally be the default timeout value).
  *
  * A zero is returned on success and -EINVAL for failure.
  */
-int watchdog_init_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
-				unsigned int timeout_parm, struct device *dev)
+int watchdog_init_timeouts(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+			   unsigned int pretimeout_parm,
+			   unsigned int timeout_parm,
+			   struct device *dev)
 {
-	unsigned int t = 0;
-	int ret = 0;
+	int ret = 0, length = 0;
+	u32 timeouts[2] = {0};
+	struct property *prop;
 
 	watchdog_check_min_max_timeout(wdd);
 
-	/* try to get the timeout module parameter first */
-	if (!watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, timeout_parm) && timeout_parm) {
-		wdd->timeout = timeout_parm;
-		return ret;
-	}
-	if (timeout_parm)
+	/*
+	 * Backup the timeouts of wdd, and set them to the parameters,
+	 * because watchdog_pretimeout_invalid uses wdd->timeout to validate
+	 * the pretimeout_parm, and watchdog_timeout_invalid uses
+	 * wdd->pretimeout to validate timeout_parm.
+	 * if any of parameters is wrong, restore the default values before
+	 * return.
+	 */
+	timeouts[0] = wdd->timeout;
+	timeouts[1] = wdd->pretimeout;
+	wdd->timeout = timeout_parm;
+	wdd->pretimeout = pretimeout_parm;
+
+	/*
+	 * Try to get the pretimeout module parameter first.
+	 * Note: zero is a valid value for pretimeout.
+	 */
+	if (watchdog_pretimeout_invalid(wdd, pretimeout_parm))
 		ret = -EINVAL;
 
-	/* try to get the timeout_sec property */
-	if (dev == NULL || dev->of_node == NULL)
-		return ret;
-	of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "timeout-sec", &t);
-	if (!watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, t) && t)
-		wdd->timeout = t;
-	else
+	/*
+	 * Try to get the timeout module parameter,
+	 * if it's valid and pretimeout is valid(ret == 0),
+	 * assignment and return zero. Otherwise, try dtb.
+	 */
+	if (timeout_parm && !ret) {
+		if (!watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, timeout_parm))
+			return 0;
 		ret = -EINVAL;
+	}
 
-	return ret;
+	/*
+	 * Either at least one of the module parameters is invalid,
+	 * or timeout_parm is 0. Try to get the timeout_sec property.
+	 */
+	if (!dev || !dev->of_node) {
+		wdd->timeout = timeouts[0];
+		wdd->pretimeout = timeouts[1];
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Backup default values to *_parms,
+	 * timeouts[] will be used by of_property_read_u32_array.
+	 */
+	timeout_parm = timeouts[0];
+	pretimeout_parm = timeouts[1];
+
+	prop = of_find_property(dev->of_node, "timeout-sec", &length);
+	if (prop && length > 0 && length <= sizeof(u32) * 2) {
+		of_property_read_u32_array(dev->of_node,
+					   "timeout-sec", timeouts,
+					   length / sizeof(u32));
+		wdd->timeout = timeouts[0];
+		wdd->pretimeout = timeouts[1];
+
+		if (length == sizeof(u32) * 2) {
+			if (watchdog_pretimeout_invalid(wdd, timeouts[1]))
+				goto error;
+			ret = 0;
+		} else {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		if (!watchdog_timeout_invalid(wdd, timeouts[0]) &&
+		    timeouts[0]) {
+			if (ret) /* Only one value in "timeout-sec" */
+				wdd->pretimeout = pretimeout_parm;
+			return 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+error:
+	/* restore default values */
+	wdd->timeout = timeout_parm;
+	wdd->pretimeout = pretimeout_parm;
+
+	return -EINVAL;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(watchdog_init_timeout);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(watchdog_init_timeouts);
 
 static int __watchdog_register_device(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
 {
diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
index 6aaefba..af0777e 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/watchdog_dev.c
@@ -218,6 +218,38 @@  out_timeout:
 }
 
 /*
+ *	watchdog_set_pretimeout: set the watchdog timer pretimeout
+ *	@wddev: the watchdog device to set the timeout for
+ *	@pretimeout: pretimeout to set in seconds
+ */
+
+static int watchdog_set_pretimeout(struct watchdog_device *wddev,
+				   unsigned int pretimeout)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	if (!wddev->ops->set_pretimeout ||
+	    !(wddev->info->options & WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	if (watchdog_pretimeout_invalid(wddev, pretimeout))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&wddev->lock);
+
+	if (test_bit(WDOG_UNREGISTERED, &wddev->status)) {
+		err = -ENODEV;
+		goto out_pretimeout;
+	}
+
+	err = wddev->ops->set_pretimeout(wddev, pretimeout);
+
+out_pretimeout:
+	mutex_unlock(&wddev->lock);
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
  *	watchdog_get_timeleft: wrapper to get the time left before a reboot
  *	@wddev: the watchdog device to get the remaining time from
  *	@timeleft: the time that's left
@@ -388,6 +420,27 @@  static long watchdog_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
 		if (wdd->timeout == 0)
 			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 		return put_user(wdd->timeout, p);
+	case WDIOC_SETPRETIMEOUT:
+		/* check if we support the pretimeout */
+		if (!(wdd->info->options & WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		if (get_user(val, p))
+			return -EFAULT;
+		err = watchdog_set_pretimeout(wdd, val);
+		if (err < 0)
+			return err;
+		/*
+		 * If the watchdog is active then we send a keepalive ping
+		 * to make sure that the watchdog keeps running (and if
+		 * possible that it takes the new pretimeout)
+		 */
+		watchdog_ping(wdd);
+		/* Fall */
+	case WDIOC_GETPRETIMEOUT:
+		/* check if we support the pretimeout */
+		if (wdd->info->options & WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT)
+			return put_user(wdd->pretimeout, p);
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 	case WDIOC_GETTIMELEFT:
 		err = watchdog_get_timeleft(wdd, &val);
 		if (err)
diff --git a/include/linux/watchdog.h b/include/linux/watchdog.h
index d74a0e9..eaea7b0 100644
--- a/include/linux/watchdog.h
+++ b/include/linux/watchdog.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@  struct watchdog_device;
  * @ping:	The routine that sends a keepalive ping to the watchdog device.
  * @status:	The routine that shows the status of the watchdog device.
  * @set_timeout:The routine for setting the watchdog devices timeout value.
+ * @set_pretimeout:The routine for setting the watchdog devices pretimeout value
  * @get_timeleft:The routine that get's the time that's left before a reset.
  * @ref:	The ref operation for dyn. allocated watchdog_device structs
  * @unref:	The unref operation for dyn. allocated watchdog_device structs
@@ -44,6 +45,7 @@  struct watchdog_ops {
 	int (*ping)(struct watchdog_device *);
 	unsigned int (*status)(struct watchdog_device *);
 	int (*set_timeout)(struct watchdog_device *, unsigned int);
+	int (*set_pretimeout)(struct watchdog_device *, unsigned int);
 	unsigned int (*get_timeleft)(struct watchdog_device *);
 	void (*ref)(struct watchdog_device *);
 	void (*unref)(struct watchdog_device *);
@@ -62,6 +64,9 @@  struct watchdog_ops {
  * @timeout:	The watchdog devices timeout value.
  * @min_timeout:The watchdog devices minimum timeout value.
  * @max_timeout:The watchdog devices maximum timeout value.
+ * @pretimeout:	The watchdog devices pretimeout value.
+ * @min_pretimeout:The watchdog devices minimum pretimeout value.
+ * @max_pretimeout:The watchdog devices maximum pretimeout value.
  * @driver-data:Pointer to the drivers private data.
  * @lock:	Lock for watchdog core internal use only.
  * @status:	Field that contains the devices internal status bits.
@@ -88,6 +93,9 @@  struct watchdog_device {
 	unsigned int timeout;
 	unsigned int min_timeout;
 	unsigned int max_timeout;
+	unsigned int pretimeout;
+	unsigned int min_pretimeout;
+	unsigned int max_pretimeout;
 	void *driver_data;
 	struct mutex lock;
 	unsigned long status;
@@ -119,8 +127,22 @@  static inline void watchdog_set_nowayout(struct watchdog_device *wdd, bool noway
 /* Use the following function to check if a timeout value is invalid */
 static inline bool watchdog_timeout_invalid(struct watchdog_device *wdd, unsigned int t)
 {
-	return ((wdd->max_timeout != 0) &&
-		(t < wdd->min_timeout || t > wdd->max_timeout));
+	return (wdd->max_timeout &&
+		(t < wdd->min_timeout || t > wdd->max_timeout)) ||
+	       (wdd->pretimeout && t <= wdd->pretimeout);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Use the following function to check if a pretimeout value is invalid.
+ * It can be "0", that means we don't use pretimeout.
+ * This function returns false, when pretimeout is 0.
+ */
+static inline bool watchdog_pretimeout_invalid(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+					       unsigned int t)
+{
+	return t && ((wdd->max_pretimeout &&
+		      (t < wdd->min_pretimeout || t > wdd->max_pretimeout)) ||
+		     (wdd->timeout && t >= wdd->timeout));
 }
 
 /* Use the following functions to manipulate watchdog driver specific data */
@@ -135,8 +157,17 @@  static inline void *watchdog_get_drvdata(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
 }
 
 /* drivers/watchdog/watchdog_core.c */
-extern int watchdog_init_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
-				  unsigned int timeout_parm, struct device *dev);
+int watchdog_init_timeouts(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+			   unsigned int pretimeout_parm,
+			   unsigned int timeout_parm,
+			   struct device *dev);
+static inline int watchdog_init_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+					unsigned int timeout_parm,
+					struct device *dev)
+{
+	return watchdog_init_timeouts(wdd, 0, timeout_parm, dev);
+}
+
 extern int watchdog_register_device(struct watchdog_device *);
 extern void watchdog_unregister_device(struct watchdog_device *);