[21/26] perf test: Add libbpf relocation checker

Message ID 1453835955-14224-22-git-send-email-acme@kernel.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo Jan. 26, 2016, 7:19 p.m.
From: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>


There's a bug in LLVM that it can generate unneeded relocation
information. See [1] and [2]. Libbpf should check the target section of
a relocation symbol.

This patch adds a testcase which references a global variable (BPF
doesn't support global variables). Before fixing libbpf, the new test
case can be loaded into kernel, the global variable acts like the first
map. It is incorrect.

Result:

  # ~/perf test BPF
  37: Test BPF filter                                          :
  37.1: Test basic BPF filtering                               : Ok
  37.2: Test BPF prologue generation                           : Ok
  37.3: Test BPF relocation checker                            : FAILED!

  # ~/perf test -v BPF
  ...
  libbpf: loading object '[bpf_relocation_test]' from buffer
  libbpf: section .strtab, size 126, link 0, flags 0, type=3
  libbpf: section .text, size 0, link 0, flags 6, type=1
  libbpf: section .data, size 0, link 0, flags 3, type=1
  libbpf: section .bss, size 0, link 0, flags 3, type=8
  libbpf: section func=sys_write, size 104, link 0, flags 6, type=1
  libbpf: found program func=sys_write
  libbpf: section .relfunc=sys_write, size 16, link 10, flags 0, type=9
  libbpf: section maps, size 16, link 0, flags 3, type=1
  libbpf: maps in [bpf_relocation_test]: 16 bytes
  libbpf: section license, size 4, link 0, flags 3, type=1
  libbpf: license of [bpf_relocation_test] is GPL
  libbpf: section version, size 4, link 0, flags 3, type=1
  libbpf: kernel version of [bpf_relocation_test] is 40400
  libbpf: section .symtab, size 144, link 1, flags 0, type=2
  libbpf: map 0 is "my_table"
  libbpf: collecting relocating info for: 'func=sys_write'
  libbpf: relocation: insn_idx=7
  Success unexpectedly: libbpf error when dealing with relocation
  test child finished with -1
  ---- end ----
  Test BPF filter subtest 2: FAILED!

[1] https://llvm.org/bugs/show_bug.cgi?id=26243
[2] https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/571385/

Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>

Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>

Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Brendan Gregg <brendan.d.gregg@gmail.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1453715801-7732-2-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>

---
 tools/perf/Makefile.perf                      |  2 +-
 tools/perf/tests/.gitignore                   |  1 +
 tools/perf/tests/Build                        |  9 ++++-
 tools/perf/tests/bpf-script-test-relocation.c | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/perf/tests/bpf.c                        | 26 +++++++++++---
 tools/perf/tests/llvm.c                       | 17 ++++++---
 tools/perf/tests/llvm.h                       |  5 ++-
 7 files changed, 98 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/perf/tests/bpf-script-test-relocation.c

-- 
2.5.0

Patch

diff --git a/tools/perf/Makefile.perf b/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
index 5d34815c7ccb..97ce8695199e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
+++ b/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
@@ -618,7 +618,7 @@  clean: $(LIBTRACEEVENT)-clean $(LIBAPI)-clean $(LIBBPF)-clean $(LIBSUBCMD)-clean
 	$(call QUIET_CLEAN, core-progs) $(RM) $(ALL_PROGRAMS) perf perf-read-vdso32 perf-read-vdsox32
 	$(call QUIET_CLEAN, core-gen)   $(RM)  *.spec *.pyc *.pyo */*.pyc */*.pyo $(OUTPUT)common-cmds.h TAGS tags cscope* $(OUTPUT)PERF-VERSION-FILE $(OUTPUT)FEATURE-DUMP $(OUTPUT)util/*-bison* $(OUTPUT)util/*-flex* \
 		$(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/inat-tables.c $(OUTPUT)fixdep \
-		$(OUTPUT)tests/llvm-src-{base,kbuild,prologue}.c
+		$(OUTPUT)tests/llvm-src-{base,kbuild,prologue,relocation}.c
 	$(QUIET_SUBDIR0)Documentation $(QUIET_SUBDIR1) clean
 	$(python-clean)
 
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/.gitignore b/tools/perf/tests/.gitignore
index bf016c439fbd..8cc30e731c73 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/.gitignore
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@ 
 llvm-src-base.c
 llvm-src-kbuild.c
 llvm-src-prologue.c
+llvm-src-relocation.c
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/Build b/tools/perf/tests/Build
index 614899b88b37..1ba628ed049a 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/Build
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/Build
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@  perf-y += sample-parsing.o
 perf-y += parse-no-sample-id-all.o
 perf-y += kmod-path.o
 perf-y += thread-map.o
-perf-y += llvm.o llvm-src-base.o llvm-src-kbuild.o llvm-src-prologue.o
+perf-y += llvm.o llvm-src-base.o llvm-src-kbuild.o llvm-src-prologue.o llvm-src-relocation.o
 perf-y += bpf.o
 perf-y += topology.o
 perf-y += cpumap.o
@@ -59,6 +59,13 @@  $(OUTPUT)tests/llvm-src-prologue.c: tests/bpf-script-test-prologue.c tests/Build
 	$(Q)sed -e 's/"/\\"/g' -e 's/\(.*\)/"\1\\n"/g' $< >> $@
 	$(Q)echo ';' >> $@
 
+$(OUTPUT)tests/llvm-src-relocation.c: tests/bpf-script-test-relocation.c tests/Build
+	$(call rule_mkdir)
+	$(Q)echo '#include <tests/llvm.h>' > $@
+	$(Q)echo 'const char test_llvm__bpf_test_relocation[] =' >> $@
+	$(Q)sed -e 's/"/\\"/g' -e 's/\(.*\)/"\1\\n"/g' $< >> $@
+	$(Q)echo ';' >> $@
+
 ifeq ($(ARCH),$(filter $(ARCH),x86 arm arm64))
 perf-$(CONFIG_DWARF_UNWIND) += dwarf-unwind.o
 endif
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/bpf-script-test-relocation.c b/tools/perf/tests/bpf-script-test-relocation.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..93af77421816
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/bpf-script-test-relocation.c
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@ 
+/*
+ * bpf-script-test-relocation.c
+ * Test BPF loader checking relocation
+ */
+#ifndef LINUX_VERSION_CODE
+# error Need LINUX_VERSION_CODE
+# error Example: for 4.2 kernel, put 'clang-opt="-DLINUX_VERSION_CODE=0x40200" into llvm section of ~/.perfconfig'
+#endif
+#define BPF_ANY 0
+#define BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY 2
+#define BPF_FUNC_map_lookup_elem 1
+#define BPF_FUNC_map_update_elem 2
+
+static void *(*bpf_map_lookup_elem)(void *map, void *key) =
+	(void *) BPF_FUNC_map_lookup_elem;
+static void *(*bpf_map_update_elem)(void *map, void *key, void *value, int flags) =
+	(void *) BPF_FUNC_map_update_elem;
+
+struct bpf_map_def {
+	unsigned int type;
+	unsigned int key_size;
+	unsigned int value_size;
+	unsigned int max_entries;
+};
+
+#define SEC(NAME) __attribute__((section(NAME), used))
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") my_table = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY,
+	.key_size = sizeof(int),
+	.value_size = sizeof(int),
+	.max_entries = 1,
+};
+
+int this_is_a_global_val;
+
+SEC("func=sys_write")
+int bpf_func__sys_write(void *ctx)
+{
+	int key = 0;
+	int value = 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Incorrect relocation. Should not allow this program be
+	 * loaded into kernel.
+	 */
+	bpf_map_update_elem(&this_is_a_global_val, &key, &value, 0);
+	return 0;
+}
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
+int _version SEC("version") = LINUX_VERSION_CODE;
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/bpf.c b/tools/perf/tests/bpf.c
index 33689a0cf821..952ca99aba6b 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/bpf.c
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/bpf.c
@@ -71,6 +71,15 @@  static struct {
 		(NR_ITERS + 1) / 4,
 	},
 #endif
+	{
+		LLVM_TESTCASE_BPF_RELOCATION,
+		"Test BPF relocation checker",
+		"[bpf_relocation_test]",
+		"fix 'perf test LLVM' first",
+		"libbpf error when dealing with relocation",
+		NULL,
+		0,
+	},
 };
 
 static int do_test(struct bpf_object *obj, int (*func)(void),
@@ -190,7 +199,7 @@  static int __test__bpf(int idx)
 
 	ret = test_llvm__fetch_bpf_obj(&obj_buf, &obj_buf_sz,
 				       bpf_testcase_table[idx].prog_id,
-				       true);
+				       true, NULL);
 	if (ret != TEST_OK || !obj_buf || !obj_buf_sz) {
 		pr_debug("Unable to get BPF object, %s\n",
 			 bpf_testcase_table[idx].msg_compile_fail);
@@ -202,14 +211,21 @@  static int __test__bpf(int idx)
 
 	obj = prepare_bpf(obj_buf, obj_buf_sz,
 			  bpf_testcase_table[idx].name);
-	if (!obj) {
+	if ((!!bpf_testcase_table[idx].target_func) != (!!obj)) {
+		if (!obj)
+			pr_debug("Fail to load BPF object: %s\n",
+				 bpf_testcase_table[idx].msg_load_fail);
+		else
+			pr_debug("Success unexpectedly: %s\n",
+				 bpf_testcase_table[idx].msg_load_fail);
 		ret = TEST_FAIL;
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	ret = do_test(obj,
-		      bpf_testcase_table[idx].target_func,
-		      bpf_testcase_table[idx].expect_result);
+	if (obj)
+		ret = do_test(obj,
+			      bpf_testcase_table[idx].target_func,
+			      bpf_testcase_table[idx].expect_result);
 out:
 	bpf__clear();
 	return ret;
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/llvm.c b/tools/perf/tests/llvm.c
index 06f45c1d4256..70edcdfa5672 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/llvm.c
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/llvm.c
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@  static int test__bpf_parsing(void *obj_buf __maybe_unused,
 static struct {
 	const char *source;
 	const char *desc;
+	bool should_load_fail;
 } bpf_source_table[__LLVM_TESTCASE_MAX] = {
 	[LLVM_TESTCASE_BASE] = {
 		.source = test_llvm__bpf_base_prog,
@@ -48,14 +49,19 @@  static struct {
 		.source = test_llvm__bpf_test_prologue_prog,
 		.desc = "Compile source for BPF prologue generation test",
 	},
+	[LLVM_TESTCASE_BPF_RELOCATION] = {
+		.source = test_llvm__bpf_test_relocation,
+		.desc = "Compile source for BPF relocation test",
+		.should_load_fail = true,
+	},
 };
 
-
 int
 test_llvm__fetch_bpf_obj(void **p_obj_buf,
 			 size_t *p_obj_buf_sz,
 			 enum test_llvm__testcase idx,
-			 bool force)
+			 bool force,
+			 bool *should_load_fail)
 {
 	const char *source;
 	const char *desc;
@@ -68,6 +74,8 @@  test_llvm__fetch_bpf_obj(void **p_obj_buf,
 
 	source = bpf_source_table[idx].source;
 	desc = bpf_source_table[idx].desc;
+	if (should_load_fail)
+		*should_load_fail = bpf_source_table[idx].should_load_fail;
 
 	perf_config(perf_config_cb, NULL);
 
@@ -136,14 +144,15 @@  int test__llvm(int subtest)
 	int ret;
 	void *obj_buf = NULL;
 	size_t obj_buf_sz = 0;
+	bool should_load_fail = false;
 
 	if ((subtest < 0) || (subtest >= __LLVM_TESTCASE_MAX))
 		return TEST_FAIL;
 
 	ret = test_llvm__fetch_bpf_obj(&obj_buf, &obj_buf_sz,
-				       subtest, false);
+				       subtest, false, &should_load_fail);
 
-	if (ret == TEST_OK) {
+	if (ret == TEST_OK && !should_load_fail) {
 		ret = test__bpf_parsing(obj_buf, obj_buf_sz);
 		if (ret != TEST_OK) {
 			pr_debug("Failed to parse test case '%s'\n",
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/llvm.h b/tools/perf/tests/llvm.h
index 5150b4d6ef50..0eaa604be99d 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/llvm.h
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/llvm.h
@@ -7,14 +7,17 @@ 
 extern const char test_llvm__bpf_base_prog[];
 extern const char test_llvm__bpf_test_kbuild_prog[];
 extern const char test_llvm__bpf_test_prologue_prog[];
+extern const char test_llvm__bpf_test_relocation[];
 
 enum test_llvm__testcase {
 	LLVM_TESTCASE_BASE,
 	LLVM_TESTCASE_KBUILD,
 	LLVM_TESTCASE_BPF_PROLOGUE,
+	LLVM_TESTCASE_BPF_RELOCATION,
 	__LLVM_TESTCASE_MAX,
 };
 
 int test_llvm__fetch_bpf_obj(void **p_obj_buf, size_t *p_obj_buf_sz,
-			     enum test_llvm__testcase index, bool force);
+			     enum test_llvm__testcase index, bool force,
+			     bool *should_load_fail);
 #endif