[stable:PATCH] arm64: Rework valid_user_regs (v4.1+)

Message ID 1468844845-6129-2-git-send-email-james.morse@arm.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

James Morse July 18, 2016, 12:27 p.m.
From: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>


commit dbd4d7ca563fd0a8949718d35ce197e5642d5d9d upstream.

We validate pstate using PSR_MODE32_BIT, which is part of the
user-provided pstate (and cannot be trusted). Also, we conflate
validation of AArch32 and AArch64 pstate values, making the code
difficult to reason about.

Instead, validate the pstate value based on the associated task. The
task may or may not be current (e.g. when using ptrace), so this must be
passed explicitly by callers. To avoid circular header dependencies via
sched.h, is_compat_task is pulled out of asm/ptrace.h.

To make the code possible to reason about, the AArch64 and AArch32
validation is split into separate functions. Software must respect the
RES0 policy for SPSR bits, and thus the kernel mirrors the hardware
policy (RAZ/WI) for bits as-yet unallocated. When these acquire an
architected meaning writes may be permitted (potentially with additional
validation).

Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>

[ rebased for v4.1+
  This avoids a user-triggerable Oops() if a task is switched to a mode
  not supported by the kernel (e.g. switching a 64-bit task to AArch32).
]
Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>

Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> [backport]

Cc:  <stable@vger.kernel.org> #v4.1-

---
For example, switching a task to 32bit mode, when the kernel
was not built with support for this will cause:
[  286.628508] Bad mode in Synchronous Abort handler detected, code 0x46000000 -- SVC (AArch32)
[  286.639625] CPU: 3 PID: 2072 Comm: inter Not tainted 4.4.14 #4504
[  286.648391] Hardware name: ARM Juno development board (r1) (DT)
[ ... ]
[  286.716784] Bad mode in Synchronous Abort handler detected, code 0x86000007 -- IABT (current EL)
[  286.725483] CPU: 3 PID: 2072 Comm: inter Not tainted 4.4.14 #4504
[  286.731513] Hardware name: ARM Juno development board (r1) (DT)
[ ... ]
[  286.840815] Internal error: Oops - bad mode: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
[  286.846673] Modules linked in:
[  286.849699] CPU: 3 PID: 2072 Comm: inter Not tainted 4.4.14 #4504
[  286.855728] Hardware name: ARM Juno development board (r1) (DT)


 arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h | 33 ++---------------
 arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c      | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c      |  4 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c    |  2 +-
 4 files changed, 86 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)

-- 
2.8.0.rc3

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Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
index e9e5467e0bf4..a307eb6e7fa8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@ 
 #define COMPAT_PSR_Z_BIT	0x40000000
 #define COMPAT_PSR_N_BIT	0x80000000
 #define COMPAT_PSR_IT_MASK	0x0600fc00	/* If-Then execution state mask */
+#define COMPAT_PSR_GE_MASK	0x000f0000
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
 #define COMPAT_PSR_ENDSTATE	COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT
@@ -151,35 +152,9 @@  static inline unsigned long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
 	return regs->regs[0];
 }
 
-/*
- * Are the current registers suitable for user mode? (used to maintain
- * security in signal handlers)
- */
-static inline int valid_user_regs(struct user_pt_regs *regs)
-{
-	if (user_mode(regs) && (regs->pstate & PSR_I_BIT) == 0) {
-		regs->pstate &= ~(PSR_F_BIT | PSR_A_BIT);
-
-		/* The T bit is reserved for AArch64 */
-		if (!(regs->pstate & PSR_MODE32_BIT))
-			regs->pstate &= ~COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT;
-
-		return 1;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * Force PSR to something logical...
-	 */
-	regs->pstate &= PSR_f | PSR_s | (PSR_x & ~PSR_A_BIT) | \
-			COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT | PSR_MODE32_BIT;
-
-	if (!(regs->pstate & PSR_MODE32_BIT)) {
-		regs->pstate &= ~COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT;
-		regs->pstate |= PSR_MODE_EL0t;
-	}
-
-	return 0;
-}
+/* We must avoid circular header include via sched.h */
+struct task_struct;
+int valid_user_regs(struct user_pt_regs *regs, struct task_struct *task);
 
 #define instruction_pointer(regs)	((unsigned long)(regs)->pc)
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
index ff7f13239515..fc779ec6f051 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/elf.h>
 
 #include <asm/compat.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
 #include <asm/debug-monitors.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
 #include <asm/syscall.h>
@@ -500,7 +501,7 @@  static int gpr_set(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset,
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
-	if (!valid_user_regs(&newregs))
+	if (!valid_user_regs(&newregs, target))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	task_pt_regs(target)->user_regs = newregs;
@@ -770,7 +771,7 @@  static int compat_gpr_set(struct task_struct *target,
 
 	}
 
-	if (valid_user_regs(&newregs.user_regs))
+	if (valid_user_regs(&newregs.user_regs, target))
 		*task_pt_regs(target) = newregs;
 	else
 		ret = -EINVAL;
@@ -1272,3 +1273,79 @@  asmlinkage void syscall_trace_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
 	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE))
 		tracehook_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_SYSCALL_EXIT);
 }
+
+/*
+ * Bits which are always architecturally RES0 per ARM DDI 0487A.h
+ * Userspace cannot use these until they have an architectural meaning.
+ * We also reserve IL for the kernel; SS is handled dynamically.
+ */
+#define SPSR_EL1_AARCH64_RES0_BITS \
+	(GENMASK_ULL(63,32) | GENMASK_ULL(27, 22) | GENMASK_ULL(20, 10) | \
+	 GENMASK_ULL(5, 5))
+#define SPSR_EL1_AARCH32_RES0_BITS \
+	(GENMASK_ULL(63,32) | GENMASK_ULL(24, 22) | GENMASK_ULL(20,20))
+
+static int valid_compat_regs(struct user_pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	regs->pstate &= ~SPSR_EL1_AARCH32_RES0_BITS;
+
+	if (!system_supports_mixed_endian_el0()) {
+		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN))
+			regs->pstate |= COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT;
+		else
+			regs->pstate &= ~COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT;
+	}
+
+	if (user_mode(regs) && (regs->pstate & PSR_MODE32_BIT) &&
+	    (regs->pstate & COMPAT_PSR_A_BIT) == 0 &&
+	    (regs->pstate & COMPAT_PSR_I_BIT) == 0 &&
+	    (regs->pstate & COMPAT_PSR_F_BIT) == 0) {
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Force PSR to a valid 32-bit EL0t, preserving the same bits as
+	 * arch/arm.
+	 */
+	regs->pstate &= COMPAT_PSR_N_BIT | COMPAT_PSR_Z_BIT |
+			COMPAT_PSR_C_BIT | COMPAT_PSR_V_BIT |
+			COMPAT_PSR_Q_BIT | COMPAT_PSR_IT_MASK |
+			COMPAT_PSR_GE_MASK | COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT |
+			COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT;
+	regs->pstate |= PSR_MODE32_BIT;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int valid_native_regs(struct user_pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	regs->pstate &= ~SPSR_EL1_AARCH64_RES0_BITS;
+
+	if (user_mode(regs) && !(regs->pstate & PSR_MODE32_BIT) &&
+	    (regs->pstate & PSR_D_BIT) == 0 &&
+	    (regs->pstate & PSR_A_BIT) == 0 &&
+	    (regs->pstate & PSR_I_BIT) == 0 &&
+	    (regs->pstate & PSR_F_BIT) == 0) {
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	/* Force PSR to a valid 64-bit EL0t */
+	regs->pstate &= PSR_N_BIT | PSR_Z_BIT | PSR_C_BIT | PSR_V_BIT;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Are the current registers suitable for user mode? (used to maintain
+ * security in signal handlers)
+ */
+int valid_user_regs(struct user_pt_regs *regs, struct task_struct *task)
+{
+	if (!test_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_SINGLESTEP))
+		regs->pstate &= ~DBG_SPSR_SS;
+
+	if (is_compat_thread(task_thread_info(task)))
+		return valid_compat_regs(regs);
+	else
+		return valid_native_regs(regs);
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
index e18c48cb6db1..a8eafdbc7cb8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@  static int restore_sigframe(struct pt_regs *regs,
 	 */
 	regs->syscallno = ~0UL;
 
-	err |= !valid_user_regs(&regs->user_regs);
+	err |= !valid_user_regs(&regs->user_regs, current);
 
 	if (err == 0) {
 		struct fpsimd_context *fpsimd_ctx =
@@ -307,7 +307,7 @@  static void handle_signal(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs)
 	/*
 	 * Check that the resulting registers are actually sane.
 	 */
-	ret |= !valid_user_regs(&regs->user_regs);
+	ret |= !valid_user_regs(&regs->user_regs, current);
 
 	/*
 	 * Fast forward the stepping logic so we step into the signal
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c
index 71ef6dc89ae5..107335637390 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c
@@ -356,7 +356,7 @@  static int compat_restore_sigframe(struct pt_regs *regs,
 	 */
 	regs->syscallno = ~0UL;
 
-	err |= !valid_user_regs(&regs->user_regs);
+	err |= !valid_user_regs(&regs->user_regs, current);
 
 	aux = (struct compat_aux_sigframe __user *) sf->uc.uc_regspace;
 	if (err == 0)