[v30,08/11] arm64: kdump: provide /proc/vmcore file

Message ID 20170124085004.3892-7-takahiro.akashi@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • arm64: add kdump support
Related show

Commit Message

AKASHI Takahiro Jan. 24, 2017, 8:50 a.m.
Add arch-specific functions to provide a dump file, /proc/vmcore.

This file is in ELF format and its ELF header needs to be prepared by
userspace tools, like kexec-tools, in adance. The primary kernel is
responsible to allocate the region with reserve_elfcorehdr() at boot time
and advertize its location to crash dump kernel via a new device-tree
property, "linux,elfcorehdr".

Then crash dump kernel will access the primary kernel's memory with
copy_oldmem_page(), which feeds the data page-by-page by ioremap'ing it
since it does not reside in linear mapping on crash dump kernel.

We also need our own elfcorehdr_read() here since the header is placed
within crash dump kernel's usable memory.

Signed-off-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>

Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>

Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>

---
 arch/arm64/Kconfig             | 11 +++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile     |  1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/crash_dump.c | 71 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/mm/init.c           | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 136 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/crash_dump.c

-- 
2.11.0


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Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 111742126897..2bd6a1a062b9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -693,6 +693,17 @@  config KEXEC
 	  but it is independent of the system firmware.   And like a reboot
 	  you can start any kernel with it, not just Linux.
 
+config CRASH_DUMP
+	bool "Build kdump crash kernel"
+	help
+	  Generate crash dump after being started by kexec. This should
+	  be normally only set in special crash dump kernels which are
+	  loaded in the main kernel with kexec-tools into a specially
+	  reserved region and then later executed after a crash by
+	  kdump/kexec.
+
+	  For more details see Documentation/kdump/kdump.txt
+
 config XEN_DOM0
 	def_bool y
 	depends on XEN
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
index 7d66bbaafc0c..6a7384eee08d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@  arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE)	+= kaslr.o
 arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_HIBERNATION)		+= hibernate.o hibernate-asm.o
 arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC)		+= machine_kexec.o relocate_kernel.o	\
 					   cpu-reset.o
+arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP)		+= crash_dump.o
 
 obj-y					+= $(arm64-obj-y) vdso/ probes/
 obj-m					+= $(arm64-obj-m)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/crash_dump.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/crash_dump.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c3d5a21c081e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/crash_dump.c
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@ 
+/*
+ * Routines for doing kexec-based kdump
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Linaro Limited
+ * Author: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/crash_dump.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/memory.h>
+
+/**
+ * copy_oldmem_page() - copy one page from old kernel memory
+ * @pfn: page frame number to be copied
+ * @buf: buffer where the copied page is placed
+ * @csize: number of bytes to copy
+ * @offset: offset in bytes into the page
+ * @userbuf: if set, @buf is in a user address space
+ *
+ * This function copies one page from old kernel memory into buffer pointed by
+ * @buf. If @buf is in userspace, set @userbuf to %1. Returns number of bytes
+ * copied or negative error in case of failure.
+ */
+ssize_t copy_oldmem_page(unsigned long pfn, char *buf,
+			 size_t csize, unsigned long offset,
+			 int userbuf)
+{
+	void *vaddr;
+
+	if (!csize)
+		return 0;
+
+	vaddr = memremap(__pfn_to_phys(pfn), PAGE_SIZE, MEMREMAP_WB);
+	if (!vaddr)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	if (userbuf) {
+		if (copy_to_user((char __user *)buf, vaddr + offset, csize)) {
+			memunmap(vaddr);
+			return -EFAULT;
+		}
+	} else {
+		memcpy(buf, vaddr + offset, csize);
+	}
+
+	memunmap(vaddr);
+
+	return csize;
+}
+
+/**
+ * elfcorehdr_read - read from ELF core header
+ * @buf: buffer where the data is placed
+ * @csize: number of bytes to read
+ * @ppos: address in the memory
+ *
+ * This function reads @count bytes from elf core header which exists
+ * on crash dump kernel's memory.
+ */
+ssize_t elfcorehdr_read(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos)
+{
+	memcpy(buf, phys_to_virt((phys_addr_t)*ppos), count);
+	return count;
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
index 2aba75dc7720..323b87197e18 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/swiotlb.h>
 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
 #include <linux/kexec.h>
+#include <linux/crash_dump.h>
 
 #include <asm/boot.h>
 #include <asm/fixmap.h>
@@ -135,6 +136,56 @@  static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP
+static int __init early_init_dt_scan_elfcorehdr(unsigned long node,
+		const char *uname, int depth, void *data)
+{
+	const __be32 *reg;
+	int len;
+
+	if (depth != 1 || strcmp(uname, "chosen") != 0)
+		return 0;
+
+	reg = of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "linux,elfcorehdr", &len);
+	if (!reg || (len < (dt_root_addr_cells + dt_root_size_cells)))
+		return 1;
+
+	elfcorehdr_addr = dt_mem_next_cell(dt_root_addr_cells, &reg);
+	elfcorehdr_size = dt_mem_next_cell(dt_root_size_cells, &reg);
+
+	return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * reserve_elfcorehdr() - reserves memory for elf core header
+ *
+ * This function reserves elf core header given in "elfcorehdr=" kernel
+ * command line parameter. This region contains all the information about
+ * primary kernel's core image and is used by a dump capture kernel to
+ * access the system memory on primary kernel.
+ */
+static void __init reserve_elfcorehdr(void)
+{
+	of_scan_flat_dt(early_init_dt_scan_elfcorehdr, NULL);
+
+	if (!elfcorehdr_size)
+		return;
+
+	if (memblock_is_region_reserved(elfcorehdr_addr, elfcorehdr_size)) {
+		pr_warn("elfcorehdr is overlapped\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	memblock_reserve(elfcorehdr_addr, elfcorehdr_size);
+
+	pr_info("Reserving %lldKB of memory at 0x%llx for elfcorehdr\n",
+		elfcorehdr_size >> 10, elfcorehdr_addr);
+}
+#else
+static void __init reserve_elfcorehdr(void)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */
 /*
  * Return the maximum physical address for ZONE_DMA (DMA_BIT_MASK(32)). It
  * currently assumes that for memory starting above 4G, 32-bit devices will
@@ -393,6 +444,8 @@  void __init arm64_memblock_init(void)
 
 	reserve_crashkernel();
 
+	reserve_elfcorehdr();
+
 	dma_contiguous_reserve(arm64_dma_phys_limit);
 
 	memblock_allow_resize();