[v21,0/4] scsi: ufs: Add Host Performance Booster Support

Message ID 20210218090627epcms2p639c216ccebed773120121b1d53641d94@epcms2p6
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  • scsi: ufs: Add Host Performance Booster Support
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Daejun Park Feb. 18, 2021, 9:06 a.m.
Changelog:

v20 -> v21
1. Add bMAX_DATA_SIZE_FOR_HPB_SINGLE_CMD attr. and fHPBen flag support.

v19 -> v20
1. Add documentation for sysfs entries of hpb->stat.
2. Fix read buffer command for under-sized sub-region.
3. Fix wrong condition checking for kick map work.
4. Delete redundant response UPIU checking.
5. Add LUN checking in response UPIU.
6. Fix possible deadlock problem due to runtime PM.
7. Add instant changing of sub-region state from response UPIU.
8. Fix endian problem in prefetched PPN.
9. Add JESD220-3A (HPB v2.0) support.

v18 -> 19
1. Fix null pointer error when printing sysfs from non-HPB LU.
2. Apply HPB read opcode in lrbp->cmd->cmnd (from Can Guo's review).
3. Rebase the patch on 5.12/scsi-queue.

v17 -> v18
Fix build error which reported by kernel test robot.

v16 -> v17
1. Rename hpb_state_lock to rgn_state_lock and move it to corresponding
patch.
2. Remove redundant information messages.

v15 -> v16
1. Add missed sysfs ABI documentation.

v14 -> v15
1. Remove duplicated sysfs ABI entries in documentation.
2. Add experiment result of HPB performance testing with iozone.

v13 -> v14
1. Cleanup codes by commentted in Greg's review.
2. Add documentation for sysfs entries (from Greg's review).
3. Add experiment result of HPB performance testing.

v12 -> v13
1. Cleanup codes by comments from Can Guo.
2. Add HPB related descriptor/flag/attributes in sysfs.
3. Change base commit from 5.10/scsi-queue to 5.11/scsi-queue.

v11 -> v12
1. Fixed to return error value when HPB fails to initialize pinned active 
region.
2. Fixed to disable HPB feature if HPB fails to allocate essential memory
and workqueue.
3. Fixed to change proper sub-region state when region is already evicted.

v10 -> v11
Add a newline at end the last line on Kconfig file.

v9 -> v10
1. Fixed 64-bit division error
2. Fixed problems commentted in Bart's review.

v8 -> v9
1. Change sysfs initialization.
2. Change reading descriptor during HPB initialization
3. Fixed problems commentted in Bart's review.
4. Change base commit from 5.9/scsi-queue to 5.10/scsi-queue.

v7 -> v8
Remove wrongly added tags.

v6 -> v7
1. Remove UFS feature layer.
2. Cleanup for sparse error.

v5 -> v6
Change base commit to b53293fa662e28ae0cdd40828dc641c09f133405

v4 -> v5
Delete unused macro define.

v3 -> v4
1. Cleanup.

v2 -> v3
1. Add checking input module parameter value.
2. Change base commit from 5.8/scsi-queue to 5.9/scsi-queue.
3. Cleanup for unused variables and label.

v1 -> v2
1. Change the full boilerplate text to SPDX style.
2. Adopt dynamic allocation for sub-region data structure.
3. Cleanup.

NAND flash memory-based storage devices use Flash Translation Layer (FTL)
to translate logical addresses of I/O requests to corresponding flash
memory addresses. Mobile storage devices typically have RAM with
constrained size, thus lack in memory to keep the whole mapping table.
Therefore, mapping tables are partially retrieved from NAND flash on
demand, causing random-read performance degradation.

To improve random read performance, JESD220-3 (HPB v1.0) proposes HPB
(Host Performance Booster) which uses host system memory as a cache for the
FTL mapping table. By using HPB, FTL data can be read from host memory
faster than from NAND flash memory. 

The current version only supports the DCM (device control mode).
This patch consists of 3 parts to support HPB feature.

1) HPB probe and initialization process
2) READ -> HPB READ using cached map information
3) L2P (logical to physical) map management

In the HPB probe and init process, the device information of the UFS is
queried. After checking supported features, the data structure for the HPB
is initialized according to the device information.

A read I/O in the active sub-region where the map is cached is changed to
HPB READ by the HPB.

The HPB manages the L2P map using information received from the
device. For active sub-region, the HPB caches through ufshpb_map
request. For the in-active region, the HPB discards the L2P map.
When a write I/O occurs in an active sub-region area, associated dirty
bitmap checked as dirty for preventing stale read.

HPB is shown to have a performance improvement of 58 - 67% for random read
workload. [1]

[1]:
https://www.usenix.org/conference/hotstorage17/program/presentation/jeong

Daejun Park (4):
  scsi: ufs: Introduce HPB feature
  scsi: ufs: L2P map management for HPB read
  scsi: ufs: Prepare HPB read for cached sub-region
  scsi: ufs: Add HPB 2.0 support

 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-ufs |  150 ++
 drivers/scsi/ufs/Kconfig                   |    9 +
 drivers/scsi/ufs/Makefile                  |    1 +
 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufs-sysfs.c               |   20 +
 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufs.h                     |   54 +-
 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c                  |   69 +-
 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h                  |   27 +
 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshpb.c                  | 2280 ++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshpb.h                  |  270 +++
 9 files changed, 2878 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshpb.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshpb.h