[RFC,v5,1/1] selftests/cpuidle: Add support for cpuidle latency measurement

Message ID 20201004121114.19043-2-psampat@linux.ibm.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Selftest for cpuidle latency measurement
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Commit Message

Pratik R. Sampat Oct. 4, 2020, 12:11 p.m.
Measure cpuidle latencies on wakeup to determine and compare with the
advertsied wakeup latencies for each idle state.

Cpuidle wakeup latencies are determined for IPIs and can help
determine any deviations from what is advertsied by the hardware.

A baseline measurement for each case of IPIs is taken at 100 percent
CPU usage to quantify for the kernel-userpsace overhead
during execution.

Signed-off-by: Pratik Rajesh Sampat <psampat@linux.ibm.com>
---
 tools/testing/selftests/Makefile          |   1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/Makefile  |   7 +
 tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/cpuidle.c | 479 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/settings  |   1 +
 4 files changed, 488 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/Makefile
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/settings

Patch

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
index 9018f45d631d..2bb0e87f76fd 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@  TARGETS += cgroup
 TARGETS += clone3
 TARGETS += core
 TARGETS += cpufreq
+TARGETS += cpuidle
 TARGETS += cpu-hotplug
 TARGETS += drivers/dma-buf
 TARGETS += efivarfs
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d332485e1bc5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@ 
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+TEST_GEN_PROGS := cpuidle
+
+CFLAGS += -O2
+LDLIBS += -lpthread
+
+include ../lib.mk
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/cpuidle.c b/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b2f6a0e655b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
@@ -0,0 +1,479 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+/*
+ * Cpuidle latency measurement microbenchmark
+ *
+ * A mechanism to measure wakeup latency for IPI based interrupts. Results of
+ * this microbenchmark can be used to check and validate against the
+ * advertised latencies for each cpuidle state
+ *
+ * IPIs (using pipes) are used to wake the CPU up and measure the
+ * time difference
+ *
+ * Baseline measurements on 100 busy load are used to account for the
+ * kernel-userspace overhead
+ *
+ * Usage:
+ *	./cpuidle --mode <full / quick / num_cpus> --output <output location>
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 Pratik Rajesh Sampat <psampat@linux.ibm.com>, IBM
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <dirent.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#define READ		0
+#define WRITE		1
+
+static int pipe_fd[2];
+static int *cpu_list;
+static int cpus;
+static int idle_states;
+static uint64_t *latency_list;
+
+static char *log_file = "cpuidle.log";
+
+static int get_online_cpus(int *online_cpu_list, int total_cpus)
+{
+	char filename[80];
+	int i, index = 0;
+	FILE *fptr;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < total_cpus; i++) {
+		char status;
+
+		sprintf(filename, "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu");
+		sprintf(filename + strlen(filename), "%d%s", i, "/online");
+		fptr = fopen(filename, "r");
+		if (!fptr)
+			continue;
+		assert(fscanf(fptr, "%c", &status) != EOF);
+		if (status == '1')
+			online_cpu_list[index++] = i;
+		fclose(fptr);
+	}
+	return index;
+}
+
+static uint64_t us_to_ns(uint64_t val)
+{
+	return val * 1000;
+}
+
+static void get_latency(int cpu)
+{
+	char filename[80];
+	uint64_t latency;
+	FILE *fptr;
+	int state;
+
+	for (state = 0; state < idle_states; state++) {
+		sprintf(filename, "%s%d%s%d%s", "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu",
+			cpu, "/cpuidle/state",
+			state, "/latency");
+		fptr = fopen(filename, "r");
+		assert(fptr);
+
+		assert(fscanf(fptr, "%ld", &latency) != EOF);
+		latency_list[state] = latency;
+		fclose(fptr);
+	}
+}
+
+static int get_idle_state_count(int cpu)
+{
+	struct dirent *entry;
+	int dir_count = 0;
+	char filename[80];
+	DIR *dirp;
+
+	sprintf(filename, "%s%d%s", "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu",
+		cpu, "/cpuidle");
+
+	dirp = opendir(filename);
+	if (!dirp)
+		return -1;
+	while (entry = readdir(dirp)) {
+		if (entry->d_type == DT_DIR) {
+			if (strcmp(entry->d_name, ".") == 0 ||
+			    strcmp(entry->d_name, "..") == 0)
+				continue;
+			dir_count++;
+		}
+	}
+	closedir(dirp);
+	return dir_count;
+}
+
+/* Enable or disable all idle states */
+static int state_all_idle(char *disable)
+{
+	char filename[80];
+	FILE *fptr;
+	int i, j;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < cpus; i++) {
+		for (j = 0; j < idle_states; j++) {
+			sprintf(filename, "%s%d%s%d%s",
+				"/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu", cpu_list[i],
+				"/cpuidle/state", j, "/disable");
+			fptr = fopen(filename, "w");
+			assert(fptr);
+			fprintf(fptr, "%s", disable);
+			fclose(fptr);
+		}
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Disable all idle states */
+static int cpuidle_disable_all_states(void)
+{
+	return state_all_idle("1");
+}
+
+static int cpuidle_enable_all_states(void)
+{
+	return state_all_idle("0");
+}
+
+static int state_operation(char *disable, int state)
+{
+	char filename[80];
+	FILE *fptr;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < cpus; i++) {
+		sprintf(filename, "%s%d%s%d%s", "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu",
+			cpu_list[i], "/cpuidle/state", state, "/disable");
+		fptr = fopen(filename, "w");
+		assert(fptr);
+		fprintf(fptr, "%s", disable);
+		fclose(fptr);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int cpuidle_enable_state(int state)
+{
+	return state_operation("0", state);
+}
+
+static int cpuidle_disable_state(int state)
+{
+	return state_operation("1", state);
+}
+
+static uint64_t average(uint64_t *arr, int size)
+{
+	int i, sum = 0;
+
+	assert(size != 0);
+	for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
+		sum += arr[i];
+	return sum / size;
+}
+
+static pthread_t start_thread_on(void *(*fn)(void *), void *arg, uint64_t cpu)
+{
+	pthread_attr_t attr;
+	cpu_set_t cpuset;
+	pthread_t tid;
+	int rc;
+
+	CPU_ZERO(&cpuset);
+	CPU_SET(cpu, &cpuset);
+
+	rc = pthread_attr_init(&attr);
+	if (rc) {
+		perror("pthread_attr_init");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	rc = pthread_attr_setaffinity_np(&attr, sizeof(cpu_set_t), &cpuset);
+	if (rc) {
+		perror("pthread_attr_setaffinity_np");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	rc = pthread_create(&tid, &attr, fn, arg);
+	if (rc) {
+		perror("pthread_create");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+	return tid;
+}
+
+void *util_full_cpu(void *unused)
+{
+	FILE *fptr;
+
+	fptr = fopen("/dev/null", "w");
+	assert(fptr);
+	while (1) {
+		fprintf(fptr, "0");
+		nanosleep((const struct timespec[]){{0, 10L}}, NULL);
+	}
+	fclose(fptr);
+}
+
+/* IPI based wakeup latencies */
+struct latency {
+	unsigned int src_cpu;
+	unsigned int dest_cpu;
+	struct timespec time_start;
+	struct timespec time_end;
+	uint64_t latency_ns;
+} ipi_wakeup;
+
+static void *writer(void *unused)
+{
+	signed char c = 'P';
+
+	assert(write(pipe_fd[WRITE], &c, 1) == 1);
+	ipi_wakeup.src_cpu = sched_getcpu();
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void *reader(void *unused)
+{
+	signed char c;
+
+	assert(read(pipe_fd[READ], &c, 1) ==  1);
+	ipi_wakeup.dest_cpu = sched_getcpu();
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void ipi_test_once(int baseline, int src_cpu, int dest_cpu)
+{
+	pthread_t tid, tid1, baseline_tid;
+
+	if (baseline) {
+		baseline_tid = start_thread_on(util_full_cpu, NULL, dest_cpu);
+		/* Run process for long enough to gain 100% usage*/
+		sleep(2);
+	}
+
+	clock_gettime(CLOCK_REALTIME, &ipi_wakeup.time_start);
+
+	tid = start_thread_on(writer, NULL, src_cpu);
+	pthread_join(tid, NULL);
+	tid1 = start_thread_on(reader, NULL, dest_cpu);
+	pthread_join(tid1, NULL);
+
+	clock_gettime(CLOCK_REALTIME, &ipi_wakeup.time_end);
+	ipi_wakeup.latency_ns = (ipi_wakeup.time_end.tv_sec -
+		ipi_wakeup.time_start.tv_sec) * 1000000000ULL +
+		ipi_wakeup.time_end.tv_nsec - ipi_wakeup.time_start.tv_nsec;
+
+	if (baseline)
+		pthread_cancel(baseline_tid);
+}
+
+static void ipi_test(int src_cpu)
+{
+	uint64_t avg_arr[cpus], avg_latency;
+	int cpu, state;
+	FILE *fptr;
+
+	assert(cpuidle_disable_all_states() == 0);
+
+	if (pipe(pipe_fd))
+		exit(1);
+
+	fptr = fopen(log_file, "a");
+	fprintf(fptr, "----IPI TEST----\n");
+
+	fprintf(fptr, "----Baseline IPI Latency----\n");
+	fprintf(fptr, "%s %10s %18s\n", "SRC_CPU", "DEST_CPU",
+		"Baseline_latency(ns)");
+	/* Run the test as dummy once to stablize */
+	ipi_test_once(1, src_cpu, cpu_list[0]);
+	for (cpu = 0; cpu < cpus; cpu++) {
+		ipi_test_once(1, src_cpu, cpu_list[cpu]);
+		fprintf(fptr, "%3d %10d %12ld\n", ipi_wakeup.src_cpu,
+			ipi_wakeup.dest_cpu,
+			ipi_wakeup.latency_ns);
+		avg_arr[cpu] = ipi_wakeup.latency_ns;
+	}
+	avg_latency = average(avg_arr, cpus);
+	fprintf(fptr, "Baseline average IPI latency(ns): %ld\n\n", avg_latency);
+
+	for (state = 0; state < idle_states; state++) {
+		fprintf(fptr, "--Enabling state: %d--\n", state);
+		assert(cpuidle_enable_state(state) == 0);
+		fprintf(fptr, "%s %10s %18s\n", "SRC_CPU", "DEST_CPU",
+			"IPI_Latency(ns)");
+		for (cpu = 0; cpu < cpus; cpu++) {
+			/* Allow sufficient cycles to go idle */
+			sleep(1);
+			ipi_test_once(0, src_cpu, cpu_list[cpu]);
+			fprintf(fptr, "%3d %10d %18ld\n", ipi_wakeup.src_cpu,
+				ipi_wakeup.dest_cpu,
+				ipi_wakeup.latency_ns);
+			avg_arr[cpu] = ipi_wakeup.latency_ns;
+		}
+		fprintf(fptr, "Expected Latency(ns): %ld\n",
+			us_to_ns(latency_list[state]));
+		avg_latency = average(avg_arr, cpus);
+		fprintf(fptr, "Observed Average IPI latency(ns): %ld\n\n",
+			avg_latency);
+		assert(cpuidle_disable_state(state) == 0);
+	}
+
+	assert(cpuidle_enable_all_states() == 0);
+	fclose(fptr);
+}
+
+static struct option options[] = {
+	{"output", required_argument, 0, 'o'},
+	{"mode", required_argument, 0, 'm'},
+};
+
+static void usage(void)
+{
+	fprintf(stderr, "Usage: cpuidle <options>\n\n");
+	fprintf(stderr, "\t\t--mode=X\t(quick / full / <num_cpus>)\n");
+	fprintf(stderr, "\t\t--output=X\tOutput loc (def: cpuidle.log)\n\n");
+}
+
+void get_n_random_cpus(int *shf_list, int shf_size, int *list, int n)
+{
+	/* Shuffle the Online CPU list */
+	int i;
+	int shuffle_index_list[shf_size];
+
+	for (i = 0; i < shf_size; i++)
+		shuffle_index_list[i] = i;
+	for (i = 0; i < shf_size; i++) {
+		int idx = i + rand() % (shf_size - i);
+		int temp = shuffle_index_list[i];
+
+		shuffle_index_list[i] = shuffle_index_list[idx];
+		shuffle_index_list[idx] = temp;
+	}
+
+	/* Pick the first n from the shf_list elements */
+	for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
+		list[i] = shf_list[shuffle_index_list[i]];
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+	int total_cpus, online_cpus, option_index = 0;
+	int *online_cpu_list;
+	signed char c;
+	FILE *fptr;
+
+	if (getuid()) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "cpuidle latency test must run as root\n");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	total_cpus = sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN);
+	online_cpu_list = malloc(total_cpus * sizeof(int));
+	if (!online_cpu_list) {
+		perror("Malloc failure");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	online_cpus = get_online_cpus(&online_cpu_list[0], total_cpus);
+	if (!online_cpus) {
+		perror("Unable to get online CPUS");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	/* Get one CPU for a quick test */
+	cpus = 1;
+	cpu_list = malloc(1 * sizeof(int));
+	srand(time(NULL));
+	cpu_list[0] = online_cpu_list[(rand() % online_cpus) + 1];
+
+	while (1) {
+		c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "", options, &option_index);
+		if (c == -1)
+			break;
+
+		switch (c) {
+		case 'o':
+			log_file = optarg;
+			break;
+		case 'm':
+			if (!strcmp(optarg, "full")) {
+				cpu_list = realloc(cpu_list,
+						   online_cpus * sizeof(int));
+				memcpy(cpu_list, online_cpu_list,
+				       online_cpus * sizeof(int));
+				cpus = online_cpus;
+			} else if (strcmp(optarg, "quick")) {
+				int opt_cpus;
+
+				opt_cpus = atoi(optarg);
+				if (!opt_cpus) {
+					fprintf(stderr, "Error parsing mode\n");
+					usage();
+					exit(1);
+				}
+				if (opt_cpus > online_cpus) {
+					fprintf(stderr, "Number of CPUS > Online CPUs\n");
+					usage();
+					exit(1);
+				}
+				cpu_list = realloc(cpu_list,
+						   opt_cpus * sizeof(int));
+				get_n_random_cpus(online_cpu_list, online_cpus,
+						  &cpu_list[0], opt_cpus);
+				cpus = opt_cpus;
+			}
+			break;
+		default:
+			usage();
+			exit(1);
+		}
+	}
+
+	idle_states = get_idle_state_count(online_cpu_list[0]);
+	if (idle_states == -1) {
+		perror("Unable to get idle states");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	fptr = fopen(log_file, "w+");
+	fprintf(fptr, "cpuidle latency selftests. IPI & Timers\n");
+	fprintf(fptr, "Number of CPUS: %d\n", total_cpus);
+	fprintf(fptr, "Number of idle states: %d\n", idle_states);
+	fclose(fptr);
+
+	latency_list = malloc(idle_states * sizeof(uint64_t));
+	if (!latency_list) {
+		perror("Malloc failure");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	get_latency(online_cpu_list[0]);
+
+	ipi_test(online_cpu_list[0]);
+	printf("IPI test done\n");
+	fflush(stdout);
+
+	printf("Output logged at: %s\n", log_file);
+
+	free(latency_list);
+	free(cpu_list);
+	free(online_cpu_list);
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/settings b/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/settings
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e7b9417537fb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/cpuidle/settings
@@ -0,0 +1 @@ 
+timeout=0