[stable-5.10] KVM: arm64: Ensure I-cache isolation between vcpus of a same VM

Message ID 20210315111111.4136402-1-maz@kernel.org
State New
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  • [stable-5.10] KVM: arm64: Ensure I-cache isolation between vcpus of a same VM
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Commit Message

Marc Zyngier March 15, 2021, 11:11 a.m.
Commit 01dc9262ff5797b675c32c0c6bc682777d23de05 upstream.

It recently became apparent that the ARMv8 architecture has interesting
rules regarding attributes being used when fetching instructions
if the MMU is off at Stage-1.

In this situation, the CPU is allowed to fetch from the PoC and
allocate into the I-cache (unless the memory is mapped with
the XN attribute at Stage-2).

If we transpose this to vcpus sharing a single physical CPU,
it is possible for a vcpu running with its MMU off to influence
another vcpu running with its MMU on, as the latter is expected to
fetch from the PoU (and self-patching code doesn't flush below that

In order to solve this, reuse the vcpu-private TLB invalidation
code to apply the same policy to the I-cache, nuking it every time
the vcpu runs on a physical CPU that ran another vcpu of the same
VM in the past.

This involve renaming __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid() to
__kvm_flush_cpu_context(), and inserting a local i-cache invalidation

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210303164505.68492-1-maz@kernel.org
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h   | 4 ++--
 arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c               | 7 ++++++-
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp-main.c | 4 ++--
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/tlb.c      | 3 ++-
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/tlb.c       | 3 ++-
 5 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)


diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
index 54387ccd1ab2..044bb9e2cd74 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ 
 #define __KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC___kvm_flush_vm_context		2
 #define __KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC___kvm_tlb_flush_vmid_ipa		3
 #define __KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC___kvm_tlb_flush_vmid		4
-#define __KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC___kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid	5
+#define __KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC___kvm_flush_cpu_context		5
 #define __KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC___kvm_timer_set_cntvoff		6
 #define __KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC___kvm_enable_ssbs			7
 #define __KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC___vgic_v3_get_ich_vtr_el2		8
@@ -180,10 +180,10 @@  DECLARE_KVM_HYP_SYM(__bp_harden_hyp_vecs);
 #define __bp_harden_hyp_vecs	CHOOSE_HYP_SYM(__bp_harden_hyp_vecs)
 extern void __kvm_flush_vm_context(void);
+extern void __kvm_flush_cpu_context(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu);
 extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid_ipa(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu, phys_addr_t ipa,
 				     int level);
 extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu);
-extern void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu);
 extern void __kvm_timer_set_cntvoff(u64 cntvoff);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
index c0ffb019ca8b..a1c2c955474e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
@@ -352,11 +352,16 @@  void kvm_arch_vcpu_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
 	last_ran = this_cpu_ptr(mmu->last_vcpu_ran);
+	 * We guarantee that both TLBs and I-cache are private to each
+	 * vcpu. If detecting that a vcpu from the same VM has
+	 * previously run on the same physical CPU, call into the
+	 * hypervisor code to nuke the relevant contexts.
+	 *
 	 * We might get preempted before the vCPU actually runs, but
 	 * over-invalidation doesn't affect correctness.
 	if (*last_ran != vcpu->vcpu_id) {
-		kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid, mmu);
+		kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_flush_cpu_context, mmu);
 		*last_ran = vcpu->vcpu_id;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp-main.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp-main.c
index e2eafe2c93af..3df30b459215 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp-main.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp-main.c
@@ -46,11 +46,11 @@  static void handle_host_hcall(unsigned long func_id,
-	case KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC(__kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid): {
+	case KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC(__kvm_flush_cpu_context): {
 		unsigned long r1 = host_ctxt->regs.regs[1];
 		struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu = (struct kvm_s2_mmu *)r1;
-		__kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(kern_hyp_va(mmu));
+		__kvm_flush_cpu_context(kern_hyp_va(mmu));
 	case KVM_HOST_SMCCC_FUNC(__kvm_timer_set_cntvoff): {
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/tlb.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/tlb.c
index fbde89a2c6e8..229b06748c20 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/tlb.c
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@  void __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu)
-void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu)
+void __kvm_flush_cpu_context(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu)
 	struct tlb_inv_context cxt;
@@ -131,6 +131,7 @@  void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu)
 	__tlb_switch_to_guest(mmu, &cxt);
+	asm volatile("ic iallu");
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/tlb.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/tlb.c
index fd7895945bbc..66f17349f0c3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/tlb.c
@@ -127,7 +127,7 @@  void __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu)
-void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu)
+void __kvm_flush_cpu_context(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu)
 	struct tlb_inv_context cxt;
@@ -135,6 +135,7 @@  void __kvm_tlb_flush_local_vmid(struct kvm_s2_mmu *mmu)
 	__tlb_switch_to_guest(mmu, &cxt);
+	asm volatile("ic iallu");