[v2] libbpf: add request buffer type for netlink messages

Message ID 20210616170231.2194285-1-memxor@gmail.com
State Superseded
Headers show
Series
  • [v2] libbpf: add request buffer type for netlink messages
Related show

Commit Message

Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi June 16, 2021, 5:02 p.m.
Coverity complains about OOB writes to nlmsghdr. There is no OOB as we
write to the trailing buffer, but static analyzers and compilers may
rightfully be confused as the nlmsghdr pointer has subobject provenance
(and hence subobject bounds).

Remedy this by using an explicit request structure, but we also need to
start the buffer in case of ifinfomsg without any padding. The alignment
on netlink wire protocol is 4 byte boundary, so we just insert explicit
4 byte buffer to avoid compilers throwing off on read and write from/to
padding.

Also switch nh_tail (renamed to req_tail) to cast req * to char * so
that it can be understood as arithmetic on pointer to the representation
array (hence having same bound as request structure), which should
further appease analyzers.

As a bonus, callers don't have to pass sizeof(req) all the time now, as
size is implicitly obtained using the pointer. While at it, also reduce
the size of attribute buffer to 128 bytes (132 for ifinfomsg using
functions due to the need to align buffer after it).

Summary of problem:
  Even though C standard allows interconveritility of pointer to first
  member and pointer to struct, for the purposes of alias analysis it
  would still consider the first as having pointer value "pointer to T"
  where T is type of first member hence having subobject bounds,
  allowing analyzers within reason to complain when object is accessed
  beyond the size of pointed to object.

  The only exception to this rule may be when a char * is formed to a
  member subobject. It is not possible for the compiler to be able to
  tell the intent of the programmer that it is a pointer to member
  object or the underlying representation array of the containing
  object, so such diagnosis is supressed.

Fixes: 715c5ce454a6 ("libbpf: Add low level TC-BPF management API")
Signed-off-by: Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@gmail.com>
---
Changelog:
v1 -> v2:
 * Add short summary instead of links about the underlying issue (Daniel)
---
 tools/lib/bpf/netlink.c | 107 +++++++++++++++-------------------------
 tools/lib/bpf/nlattr.h  |  37 +++++++++-----
 2 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)

--
2.31.1

Comments

Andrii Nakryiko June 16, 2021, 11:18 p.m. | #1
On Wed, Jun 16, 2021 at 10:04 AM Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi
<memxor@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Coverity complains about OOB writes to nlmsghdr. There is no OOB as we
> write to the trailing buffer, but static analyzers and compilers may
> rightfully be confused as the nlmsghdr pointer has subobject provenance
> (and hence subobject bounds).
>
> Remedy this by using an explicit request structure, but we also need to
> start the buffer in case of ifinfomsg without any padding. The alignment
> on netlink wire protocol is 4 byte boundary, so we just insert explicit

struct ifinfomsg has unsigned field in it, which makes it
automatically 4-byte aligned because the struct is not packed. Do we
really need that _pad[4] thing?.. Even if we do, I'm still not sure
how it helps with alignment... If anything, explicit
__attribute__((aligned(4))) would be better.

> 4 byte buffer to avoid compilers throwing off on read and write from/to
> padding.
>
> Also switch nh_tail (renamed to req_tail) to cast req * to char * so

it probably should use (void *) everywhere, instead of (char *), but I
see that existing code is using char * exclusively, so it's probably
for another patch

> that it can be understood as arithmetic on pointer to the representation
> array (hence having same bound as request structure), which should
> further appease analyzers.
>
> As a bonus, callers don't have to pass sizeof(req) all the time now, as
> size is implicitly obtained using the pointer. While at it, also reduce
> the size of attribute buffer to 128 bytes (132 for ifinfomsg using
> functions due to the need to align buffer after it).

Sorry if it's a stupid question, but why it's safe to reduce the
buffer size from 128 to 256?

>
> Summary of problem:
>   Even though C standard allows interconveritility of pointer to first

s/interconveritility/interconvertibility/ ?

>   member and pointer to struct, for the purposes of alias analysis it
>   would still consider the first as having pointer value "pointer to T"
>   where T is type of first member hence having subobject bounds,
>   allowing analyzers within reason to complain when object is accessed
>   beyond the size of pointed to object.
>
>   The only exception to this rule may be when a char * is formed to a
>   member subobject. It is not possible for the compiler to be able to
>   tell the intent of the programmer that it is a pointer to member
>   object or the underlying representation array of the containing
>   object, so such diagnosis is supressed.

typo: suppressed

>
> Fixes: 715c5ce454a6 ("libbpf: Add low level TC-BPF management API")
> Signed-off-by: Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@gmail.com>
> ---
> Changelog:
> v1 -> v2:
>  * Add short summary instead of links about the underlying issue (Daniel)
> ---
>  tools/lib/bpf/netlink.c | 107 +++++++++++++++-------------------------
>  tools/lib/bpf/nlattr.h  |  37 +++++++++-----
>  2 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)
>

[...]
Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi June 16, 2021, 11:53 p.m. | #2
On Thu, Jun 17, 2021 at 04:48:08AM IST, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 16, 2021 at 10:04 AM Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi
> <memxor@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > Coverity complains about OOB writes to nlmsghdr. There is no OOB as we
> > write to the trailing buffer, but static analyzers and compilers may
> > rightfully be confused as the nlmsghdr pointer has subobject provenance
> > (and hence subobject bounds).
> >
> > Remedy this by using an explicit request structure, but we also need to
> > start the buffer in case of ifinfomsg without any padding. The alignment
> > on netlink wire protocol is 4 byte boundary, so we just insert explicit
>
> struct ifinfomsg has unsigned field in it, which makes it
> automatically 4-byte aligned because the struct is not packed. Do we
> really need that _pad[4] thing?.. Even if we do, I'm still not sure
> how it helps with alignment... If anything, explicit
> __attribute__((aligned(4))) would be better.
>

What I meant was that reusing the same struct for both means that the trailing
buffer where attributes are added starts right after struct tcmsg/struct
ifinfomsg. Since tcmsg is 20 bytes, ifinfomsg is 16. I didn't want it to trigger
if it ends up tracking the active member of the union (or effective type). Poor
wording I guess. Everything is aligned properly, just wanted to explain why
_pad[4] is there.

> > 4 byte buffer to avoid compilers throwing off on read and write from/to
> > padding.
> >
> > Also switch nh_tail (renamed to req_tail) to cast req * to char * so
>
> it probably should use (void *) everywhere, instead of (char *), but I
> see that existing code is using char * exclusively, so it's probably
> for another patch
>

I'll fix it in the resend.

> > that it can be understood as arithmetic on pointer to the representation
> > array (hence having same bound as request structure), which should
> > further appease analyzers.
> >
> > As a bonus, callers don't have to pass sizeof(req) all the time now, as
> > size is implicitly obtained using the pointer. While at it, also reduce
> > the size of attribute buffer to 128 bytes (132 for ifinfomsg using
> > functions due to the need to align buffer after it).
>
> Sorry if it's a stupid question, but why it's safe to reduce the
> buffer size from 128 to 256?
>

We just need something big enough, we already check the size everytime we add an
attribute to make sure we don't run out of space. It was a remnant from previous
versions where a lot of attributes were added. They're pretty limited now so I
just changed to a small safe value that works fine for both.

> >
> > Summary of problem:
> >   Even though C standard allows interconveritility of pointer to first
>
> s/interconveritility/interconvertibility/ ?
>
> >   member and pointer to struct, for the purposes of alias analysis it
> >   would still consider the first as having pointer value "pointer to T"
> >   where T is type of first member hence having subobject bounds,
> >   allowing analyzers within reason to complain when object is accessed
> >   beyond the size of pointed to object.
> >
> >   The only exception to this rule may be when a char * is formed to a
> >   member subobject. It is not possible for the compiler to be able to
> >   tell the intent of the programmer that it is a pointer to member
> >   object or the underlying representation array of the containing
> >   object, so such diagnosis is supressed.
>
> typo: suppressed
>

Thanks.

> >
> > Fixes: 715c5ce454a6 ("libbpf: Add low level TC-BPF management API")
> > Signed-off-by: Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > Changelog:
> > v1 -> v2:
> >  * Add short summary instead of links about the underlying issue (Daniel)
> > ---
> >  tools/lib/bpf/netlink.c | 107 +++++++++++++++-------------------------
> >  tools/lib/bpf/nlattr.h  |  37 +++++++++-----
> >  2 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)
> >
>
> [...]

--
Kartikeya
Andrii Nakryiko June 17, 2021, 12:37 a.m. | #3
On Wed, Jun 16, 2021 at 4:55 PM Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi
<memxor@gmail.com> wrote:
>

> On Thu, Jun 17, 2021 at 04:48:08AM IST, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:

> > On Wed, Jun 16, 2021 at 10:04 AM Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi

> > <memxor@gmail.com> wrote:

> > >

> > > Coverity complains about OOB writes to nlmsghdr. There is no OOB as we

> > > write to the trailing buffer, but static analyzers and compilers may

> > > rightfully be confused as the nlmsghdr pointer has subobject provenance

> > > (and hence subobject bounds).

> > >

> > > Remedy this by using an explicit request structure, but we also need to

> > > start the buffer in case of ifinfomsg without any padding. The alignment

> > > on netlink wire protocol is 4 byte boundary, so we just insert explicit

> >

> > struct ifinfomsg has unsigned field in it, which makes it

> > automatically 4-byte aligned because the struct is not packed. Do we

> > really need that _pad[4] thing?.. Even if we do, I'm still not sure

> > how it helps with alignment... If anything, explicit

> > __attribute__((aligned(4))) would be better.

> >

>

> What I meant was that reusing the same struct for both means that the trailing

> buffer where attributes are added starts right after struct tcmsg/struct

> ifinfomsg. Since tcmsg is 20 bytes, ifinfomsg is 16. I didn't want it to trigger

> if it ends up tracking the active member of the union (or effective type). Poor

> wording I guess. Everything is aligned properly, just wanted to explain why

> _pad[4] is there.


How

struct libbpf_nla_req {
       struct nlmsghdr nh;
       union {
               struct {
                       struct ifinfomsg ifinfo;
                       char _pad[4];
               };
               struct tcmsg tc;
       };
       char buf[128];
};

has different memory layout from just

struct libbpf_nla_req {
       struct nlmsghdr nh;
       union {
               struct ifinfomsg ifinfo;
               struct tcmsg tc;
       };
       char buf[128];
};


That _pad[4] just adds to confusion, IMO. Just trust the language and
its handling of union?..


>

> > > 4 byte buffer to avoid compilers throwing off on read and write from/to

> > > padding.

> > >

> > > Also switch nh_tail (renamed to req_tail) to cast req * to char * so

> >

> > it probably should use (void *) everywhere, instead of (char *), but I

> > see that existing code is using char * exclusively, so it's probably

> > for another patch

> >

>

> I'll fix it in the resend.

>

> > > that it can be understood as arithmetic on pointer to the representation

> > > array (hence having same bound as request structure), which should

> > > further appease analyzers.

> > >

> > > As a bonus, callers don't have to pass sizeof(req) all the time now, as

> > > size is implicitly obtained using the pointer. While at it, also reduce

> > > the size of attribute buffer to 128 bytes (132 for ifinfomsg using

> > > functions due to the need to align buffer after it).

> >

> > Sorry if it's a stupid question, but why it's safe to reduce the

> > buffer size from 128 to 256?

> >

>

> We just need something big enough, we already check the size everytime we add an

> attribute to make sure we don't run out of space. It was a remnant from previous

> versions where a lot of attributes were added. They're pretty limited now so I

> just changed to a small safe value that works fine for both.

>

> > >

> > > Summary of problem:

> > >   Even though C standard allows interconveritility of pointer to first

> >

> > s/interconveritility/interconvertibility/ ?

> >

> > >   member and pointer to struct, for the purposes of alias analysis it

> > >   would still consider the first as having pointer value "pointer to T"

> > >   where T is type of first member hence having subobject bounds,

> > >   allowing analyzers within reason to complain when object is accessed

> > >   beyond the size of pointed to object.

> > >

> > >   The only exception to this rule may be when a char * is formed to a

> > >   member subobject. It is not possible for the compiler to be able to

> > >   tell the intent of the programmer that it is a pointer to member

> > >   object or the underlying representation array of the containing

> > >   object, so such diagnosis is supressed.

> >

> > typo: suppressed

> >

>

> Thanks.

>

> > >

> > > Fixes: 715c5ce454a6 ("libbpf: Add low level TC-BPF management API")

> > > Signed-off-by: Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <memxor@gmail.com>

> > > ---

> > > Changelog:

> > > v1 -> v2:

> > >  * Add short summary instead of links about the underlying issue (Daniel)

> > > ---

> > >  tools/lib/bpf/netlink.c | 107 +++++++++++++++-------------------------

> > >  tools/lib/bpf/nlattr.h  |  37 +++++++++-----

> > >  2 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)

> > >

> >

> > [...]

>

> --

> Kartikeya

Patch

diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/netlink.c b/tools/lib/bpf/netlink.c
index cf9381f03b16..a17470045455 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/netlink.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/netlink.c
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@  static int libbpf_netlink_recv(int sock, __u32 nl_pid, int seq,
 	return ret;
 }

-static int libbpf_netlink_send_recv(struct nlmsghdr *nh,
+static int libbpf_netlink_send_recv(struct libbpf_nla_req *req,
 				    __dump_nlmsg_t parse_msg,
 				    libbpf_dump_nlmsg_t parse_attr,
 				    void *cookie)
@@ -166,15 +166,15 @@  static int libbpf_netlink_send_recv(struct nlmsghdr *nh,
 	if (sock < 0)
 		return sock;

-	nh->nlmsg_pid = 0;
-	nh->nlmsg_seq = time(NULL);
+	req->nh.nlmsg_pid = 0;
+	req->nh.nlmsg_seq = time(NULL);

-	if (send(sock, nh, nh->nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+	if (send(sock, req, req->nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
 		ret = -errno;
 		goto out;
 	}

-	ret = libbpf_netlink_recv(sock, nl_pid, nh->nlmsg_seq,
+	ret = libbpf_netlink_recv(sock, nl_pid, req->nh.nlmsg_seq,
 				  parse_msg, parse_attr, cookie);
 out:
 	libbpf_netlink_close(sock);
@@ -186,11 +186,7 @@  static int __bpf_set_link_xdp_fd_replace(int ifindex, int fd, int old_fd,
 {
 	struct nlattr *nla;
 	int ret;
-	struct {
-		struct nlmsghdr  nh;
-		struct ifinfomsg ifinfo;
-		char             attrbuf[64];
-	} req;
+	struct libbpf_nla_req req;

 	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
 	req.nh.nlmsg_len      = NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(struct ifinfomsg));
@@ -199,27 +195,26 @@  static int __bpf_set_link_xdp_fd_replace(int ifindex, int fd, int old_fd,
 	req.ifinfo.ifi_family = AF_UNSPEC;
 	req.ifinfo.ifi_index  = ifindex;

-	nla = nlattr_begin_nested(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_XDP);
+	nla = nlattr_begin_nested(&req, IFLA_XDP);
 	if (!nla)
 		return -EMSGSIZE;
-	ret = nlattr_add(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_XDP_FD, &fd, sizeof(fd));
+	ret = nlattr_add(&req, IFLA_XDP_FD, &fd, sizeof(fd));
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return ret;
 	if (flags) {
-		ret = nlattr_add(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_XDP_FLAGS, &flags,
-				 sizeof(flags));
+		ret = nlattr_add(&req, IFLA_XDP_FLAGS, &flags, sizeof(flags));
 		if (ret < 0)
 			return ret;
 	}
 	if (flags & XDP_FLAGS_REPLACE) {
-		ret = nlattr_add(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_XDP_EXPECTED_FD,
-				 &old_fd, sizeof(old_fd));
+		ret = nlattr_add(&req, IFLA_XDP_EXPECTED_FD, &old_fd,
+				 sizeof(old_fd));
 		if (ret < 0)
 			return ret;
 	}
-	nlattr_end_nested(&req.nh, nla);
+	nlattr_end_nested(&req, nla);

-	return libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req.nh, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+	return libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req, NULL, NULL, NULL);
 }

 int bpf_set_link_xdp_fd_opts(int ifindex, int fd, __u32 flags,
@@ -314,14 +309,11 @@  int bpf_get_link_xdp_info(int ifindex, struct xdp_link_info *info,
 	struct xdp_id_md xdp_id = {};
 	__u32 mask;
 	int ret;
-	struct {
-		struct nlmsghdr  nh;
-		struct ifinfomsg ifm;
-	} req = {
+	struct libbpf_nla_req req = {
 		.nh.nlmsg_len   = NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(struct ifinfomsg)),
 		.nh.nlmsg_type  = RTM_GETLINK,
 		.nh.nlmsg_flags = NLM_F_DUMP | NLM_F_REQUEST,
-		.ifm.ifi_family = AF_PACKET,
+		.ifinfo.ifi_family = AF_PACKET,
 	};

 	if (flags & ~XDP_FLAGS_MASK || !info_size)
@@ -336,7 +328,7 @@  int bpf_get_link_xdp_info(int ifindex, struct xdp_link_info *info,
 	xdp_id.ifindex = ifindex;
 	xdp_id.flags = flags;

-	ret = libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req.nh, __dump_link_nlmsg,
+	ret = libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req, __dump_link_nlmsg,
 				       get_xdp_info, &xdp_id);
 	if (!ret) {
 		size_t sz = min(info_size, sizeof(xdp_id.info));
@@ -376,15 +368,14 @@  int bpf_get_link_xdp_id(int ifindex, __u32 *prog_id, __u32 flags)
 	return libbpf_err(ret);
 }

-typedef int (*qdisc_config_t)(struct nlmsghdr *nh, struct tcmsg *t,
-			      size_t maxsz);
+typedef int (*qdisc_config_t)(struct libbpf_nla_req *req);

-static int clsact_config(struct nlmsghdr *nh, struct tcmsg *t, size_t maxsz)
+static int clsact_config(struct libbpf_nla_req *req)
 {
-	t->tcm_parent = TC_H_CLSACT;
-	t->tcm_handle = TC_H_MAKE(TC_H_CLSACT, 0);
+	req->tc.tcm_parent = TC_H_CLSACT;
+	req->tc.tcm_handle = TC_H_MAKE(TC_H_CLSACT, 0);

-	return nlattr_add(nh, maxsz, TCA_KIND, "clsact", sizeof("clsact"));
+	return nlattr_add(req, TCA_KIND, "clsact", sizeof("clsact"));
 }

 static int attach_point_to_config(struct bpf_tc_hook *hook,
@@ -431,11 +422,7 @@  static int tc_qdisc_modify(struct bpf_tc_hook *hook, int cmd, int flags)
 {
 	qdisc_config_t config;
 	int ret;
-	struct {
-		struct nlmsghdr nh;
-		struct tcmsg tc;
-		char buf[256];
-	} req;
+	struct libbpf_nla_req req;

 	ret = attach_point_to_config(hook, &config);
 	if (ret < 0)
@@ -448,11 +435,11 @@  static int tc_qdisc_modify(struct bpf_tc_hook *hook, int cmd, int flags)
 	req.tc.tcm_family  = AF_UNSPEC;
 	req.tc.tcm_ifindex = OPTS_GET(hook, ifindex, 0);

-	ret = config(&req.nh, &req.tc, sizeof(req));
+	ret = config(&req);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return ret;

-	return libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req.nh, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+	return libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req, NULL, NULL, NULL);
 }

 static int tc_qdisc_create_excl(struct bpf_tc_hook *hook)
@@ -544,7 +531,7 @@  static int get_tc_info(struct nlmsghdr *nh, libbpf_dump_nlmsg_t fn,
 	return __get_tc_info(cookie, tc, tb, nh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_ECHO);
 }

-static int tc_add_fd_and_name(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t maxsz, int fd)
+static int tc_add_fd_and_name(struct libbpf_nla_req *req, int fd)
 {
 	struct bpf_prog_info info = {};
 	__u32 info_len = sizeof(info);
@@ -555,7 +542,7 @@  static int tc_add_fd_and_name(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t maxsz, int fd)
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return ret;

-	ret = nlattr_add(nh, maxsz, TCA_BPF_FD, &fd, sizeof(fd));
+	ret = nlattr_add(req, TCA_BPF_FD, &fd, sizeof(fd));
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return ret;
 	len = snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%s:[%u]", info.name, info.id);
@@ -563,7 +550,7 @@  static int tc_add_fd_and_name(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t maxsz, int fd)
 		return -errno;
 	if (len >= sizeof(name))
 		return -ENAMETOOLONG;
-	return nlattr_add(nh, maxsz, TCA_BPF_NAME, name, len + 1);
+	return nlattr_add(req, TCA_BPF_NAME, name, len + 1);
 }

 int bpf_tc_attach(const struct bpf_tc_hook *hook, struct bpf_tc_opts *opts)
@@ -571,12 +558,8 @@  int bpf_tc_attach(const struct bpf_tc_hook *hook, struct bpf_tc_opts *opts)
 	__u32 protocol, bpf_flags, handle, priority, parent, prog_id, flags;
 	int ret, ifindex, attach_point, prog_fd;
 	struct bpf_cb_ctx info = {};
+	struct libbpf_nla_req req;
 	struct nlattr *nla;
-	struct {
-		struct nlmsghdr nh;
-		struct tcmsg tc;
-		char buf[256];
-	} req;

 	if (!hook || !opts ||
 	    !OPTS_VALID(hook, bpf_tc_hook) ||
@@ -618,25 +601,24 @@  int bpf_tc_attach(const struct bpf_tc_hook *hook, struct bpf_tc_opts *opts)
 		return libbpf_err(ret);
 	req.tc.tcm_parent = parent;

-	ret = nlattr_add(&req.nh, sizeof(req), TCA_KIND, "bpf", sizeof("bpf"));
+	ret = nlattr_add(&req, TCA_KIND, "bpf", sizeof("bpf"));
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return libbpf_err(ret);
-	nla = nlattr_begin_nested(&req.nh, sizeof(req), TCA_OPTIONS);
+	nla = nlattr_begin_nested(&req, TCA_OPTIONS);
 	if (!nla)
 		return libbpf_err(-EMSGSIZE);
-	ret = tc_add_fd_and_name(&req.nh, sizeof(req), prog_fd);
+	ret = tc_add_fd_and_name(&req, prog_fd);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return libbpf_err(ret);
 	bpf_flags = TCA_BPF_FLAG_ACT_DIRECT;
-	ret = nlattr_add(&req.nh, sizeof(req), TCA_BPF_FLAGS, &bpf_flags,
-			 sizeof(bpf_flags));
+	ret = nlattr_add(&req, TCA_BPF_FLAGS, &bpf_flags, sizeof(bpf_flags));
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return libbpf_err(ret);
-	nlattr_end_nested(&req.nh, nla);
+	nlattr_end_nested(&req, nla);

 	info.opts = opts;

-	ret = libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req.nh, get_tc_info, NULL, &info);
+	ret = libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req, get_tc_info, NULL, &info);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return libbpf_err(ret);
 	if (!info.processed)
@@ -650,11 +632,7 @@  static int __bpf_tc_detach(const struct bpf_tc_hook *hook,
 {
 	__u32 protocol = 0, handle, priority, parent, prog_id, flags;
 	int ret, ifindex, attach_point, prog_fd;
-	struct {
-		struct nlmsghdr nh;
-		struct tcmsg tc;
-		char buf[256];
-	} req;
+	struct libbpf_nla_req req;

 	if (!hook ||
 	    !OPTS_VALID(hook, bpf_tc_hook) ||
@@ -701,13 +679,12 @@  static int __bpf_tc_detach(const struct bpf_tc_hook *hook,
 	req.tc.tcm_parent = parent;

 	if (!flush) {
-		ret = nlattr_add(&req.nh, sizeof(req), TCA_KIND,
-				 "bpf", sizeof("bpf"));
+		ret = nlattr_add(&req, TCA_KIND, "bpf", sizeof("bpf"));
 		if (ret < 0)
 			return ret;
 	}

-	return libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req.nh, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+	return libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req, NULL, NULL, NULL);
 }

 int bpf_tc_detach(const struct bpf_tc_hook *hook,
@@ -727,11 +704,7 @@  int bpf_tc_query(const struct bpf_tc_hook *hook, struct bpf_tc_opts *opts)
 	__u32 protocol, handle, priority, parent, prog_id, flags;
 	int ret, ifindex, attach_point, prog_fd;
 	struct bpf_cb_ctx info = {};
-	struct {
-		struct nlmsghdr nh;
-		struct tcmsg tc;
-		char buf[256];
-	} req;
+	struct libbpf_nla_req req;

 	if (!hook || !opts ||
 	    !OPTS_VALID(hook, bpf_tc_hook) ||
@@ -770,13 +743,13 @@  int bpf_tc_query(const struct bpf_tc_hook *hook, struct bpf_tc_opts *opts)
 		return libbpf_err(ret);
 	req.tc.tcm_parent = parent;

-	ret = nlattr_add(&req.nh, sizeof(req), TCA_KIND, "bpf", sizeof("bpf"));
+	ret = nlattr_add(&req, TCA_KIND, "bpf", sizeof("bpf"));
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return libbpf_err(ret);

 	info.opts = opts;

-	ret = libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req.nh, get_tc_info, NULL, &info);
+	ret = libbpf_netlink_send_recv(&req, get_tc_info, NULL, &info);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return libbpf_err(ret);
 	if (!info.processed)
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/nlattr.h b/tools/lib/bpf/nlattr.h
index 3c780ab6d022..219747e135f2 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/nlattr.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/nlattr.h
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ 
 #include <string.h>
 #include <errno.h>
 #include <linux/netlink.h>
+#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>

 /* avoid multiple definition of netlink features */
 #define __LINUX_NETLINK_H
@@ -52,6 +53,18 @@  struct libbpf_nla_policy {
 	uint16_t	maxlen;
 };

+struct libbpf_nla_req {
+	struct nlmsghdr nh;
+	union {
+		struct {
+			struct ifinfomsg ifinfo;
+			char _pad[4];
+		};
+		struct tcmsg tc;
+	};
+	char buf[128];
+};
+
 /**
  * @ingroup attr
  * Iterate over a stream of attributes
@@ -111,44 +124,44 @@  static inline struct nlattr *nla_data(struct nlattr *nla)
 	return (struct nlattr *)((char *)nla + NLA_HDRLEN);
 }

-static inline struct nlattr *nh_tail(struct nlmsghdr *nh)
+static inline struct nlattr *req_tail(struct libbpf_nla_req *req)
 {
-	return (struct nlattr *)((char *)nh + NLMSG_ALIGN(nh->nlmsg_len));
+	return (struct nlattr *)((char *)req + NLMSG_ALIGN(req->nh.nlmsg_len));
 }

-static inline int nlattr_add(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t maxsz, int type,
+static inline int nlattr_add(struct libbpf_nla_req *req, int type,
 			     const void *data, int len)
 {
 	struct nlattr *nla;

-	if (NLMSG_ALIGN(nh->nlmsg_len) + NLA_ALIGN(NLA_HDRLEN + len) > maxsz)
+	if (NLMSG_ALIGN(req->nh.nlmsg_len) + NLA_ALIGN(NLA_HDRLEN + len) > sizeof(*req))
 		return -EMSGSIZE;
 	if (!!data != !!len)
 		return -EINVAL;

-	nla = nh_tail(nh);
+	nla = req_tail(req);
 	nla->nla_type = type;
 	nla->nla_len = NLA_HDRLEN + len;
 	if (data)
 		memcpy(nla_data(nla), data, len);
-	nh->nlmsg_len = NLMSG_ALIGN(nh->nlmsg_len) + NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len);
+	req->nh.nlmsg_len = NLMSG_ALIGN(req->nh.nlmsg_len) + NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len);
 	return 0;
 }

-static inline struct nlattr *nlattr_begin_nested(struct nlmsghdr *nh,
-						 size_t maxsz, int type)
+static inline struct nlattr *nlattr_begin_nested(struct libbpf_nla_req *req, int type)
 {
 	struct nlattr *tail;

-	tail = nh_tail(nh);
-	if (nlattr_add(nh, maxsz, type | NLA_F_NESTED, NULL, 0))
+	tail = req_tail(req);
+	if (nlattr_add(req, type | NLA_F_NESTED, NULL, 0))
 		return NULL;
 	return tail;
 }

-static inline void nlattr_end_nested(struct nlmsghdr *nh, struct nlattr *tail)
+static inline void nlattr_end_nested(struct libbpf_nla_req *req,
+				     struct nlattr *tail)
 {
-	tail->nla_len = (char *)nh_tail(nh) - (char *)tail;
+	tail->nla_len = (char *)req_tail(req) - (char *)tail;
 }

 #endif /* __LIBBPF_NLATTR_H */