[PULL,v5,38/44] contrib/plugins: add execlog to log instruction execution and memory access

Message ID 20210714150036.21060-39-alex.bennee@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • testing, build and plugin updates
Related show

Commit Message

Alex Bennée July 14, 2021, 3 p.m.
From: Alexandre Iooss <erdnaxe@crans.org>


Log instruction execution and memory access to a file.
This plugin can be used for reverse engineering or for side-channel analysis
using QEMU.

Signed-off-by: Alexandre Iooss <erdnaxe@crans.org>

Signed-off-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>

Reviewed-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>

Message-Id: <20210702081307.1653644-2-erdnaxe@crans.org>
Message-Id: <20210709143005.1554-35-alex.bennee@linaro.org>

-- 
2.20.1

Patch

diff --git a/contrib/plugins/execlog.c b/contrib/plugins/execlog.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..2de9f0d7d4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/plugins/execlog.c
@@ -0,0 +1,153 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2021, Alexandre Iooss <erdnaxe@crans.org>
+ *
+ * Log instruction execution with memory access.
+ *
+ * License: GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
+ *   See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ */
+#include <glib.h>
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include <qemu-plugin.h>
+
+QEMU_PLUGIN_EXPORT int qemu_plugin_version = QEMU_PLUGIN_VERSION;
+
+/* Store last executed instruction on each vCPU as a GString */
+GArray *last_exec;
+
+/**
+ * Add memory read or write information to current instruction log
+ */
+static void vcpu_mem(unsigned int cpu_index, qemu_plugin_meminfo_t info,
+                     uint64_t vaddr, void *udata)
+{
+    GString *s;
+
+    /* Find vCPU in array */
+    g_assert(cpu_index < last_exec->len);
+    s = g_array_index(last_exec, GString *, cpu_index);
+
+    /* Indicate type of memory access */
+    if (qemu_plugin_mem_is_store(info)) {
+        g_string_append(s, ", store");
+    } else {
+        g_string_append(s, ", load");
+    }
+
+    /* If full system emulation log physical address and device name */
+    struct qemu_plugin_hwaddr *hwaddr = qemu_plugin_get_hwaddr(info, vaddr);
+    if (hwaddr) {
+        uint64_t addr = qemu_plugin_hwaddr_phys_addr(hwaddr);
+        const char *name = qemu_plugin_hwaddr_device_name(hwaddr);
+        g_string_append_printf(s, ", 0x%08"PRIx64", %s", addr, name);
+    } else {
+        g_string_append_printf(s, ", 0x%08"PRIx64, vaddr);
+    }
+}
+
+/**
+ * Log instruction execution
+ */
+static void vcpu_insn_exec(unsigned int cpu_index, void *udata)
+{
+    GString *s;
+
+    /* Find or create vCPU in array */
+    while (cpu_index >= last_exec->len) {
+        s = g_string_new(NULL);
+        g_array_append_val(last_exec, s);
+    }
+    s = g_array_index(last_exec, GString *, cpu_index);
+
+    /* Print previous instruction in cache */
+    if (s->len) {
+        qemu_plugin_outs(s->str);
+        qemu_plugin_outs("s\n");
+    }
+
+    /* Store new instruction in cache */
+    /* vcpu_mem will add memory access information to last_exec */
+    g_string_printf(s, "%u, ", cpu_index);
+    g_string_append(s, (char *)udata);
+}
+
+/**
+ * On translation block new translation
+ *
+ * QEMU convert code by translation block (TB). By hooking here we can then hook
+ * a callback on each instruction and memory access.
+ */
+static void vcpu_tb_trans(qemu_plugin_id_t id, struct qemu_plugin_tb *tb)
+{
+    struct qemu_plugin_insn *insn;
+    uint64_t insn_vaddr;
+    uint32_t insn_opcode;
+    char *insn_disas;
+
+    size_t n = qemu_plugin_tb_n_insns(tb);
+    for (size_t i = 0; i < n; i++) {
+        /*
+         * `insn` is shared between translations in QEMU, copy needed data here.
+         * `output` is never freed as it might be used multiple times during
+         * the emulation lifetime.
+         * We only consider the first 32 bits of the instruction, this may be
+         * a limitation for CISC architectures.
+         */
+        insn = qemu_plugin_tb_get_insn(tb, i);
+        insn_vaddr = qemu_plugin_insn_vaddr(insn);
+        insn_opcode = *((uint32_t *)qemu_plugin_insn_data(insn));
+        insn_disas = qemu_plugin_insn_disas(insn);
+        char *output = g_strdup_printf("0x%"PRIx64", 0x%"PRIx32", \"%s\"",
+                                       insn_vaddr, insn_opcode, insn_disas);
+
+        /* Register callback on memory read or write */
+        qemu_plugin_register_vcpu_mem_cb(insn, vcpu_mem,
+                                         QEMU_PLUGIN_CB_NO_REGS,
+                                         QEMU_PLUGIN_MEM_RW, NULL);
+
+        /* Register callback on instruction */
+        qemu_plugin_register_vcpu_insn_exec_cb(insn, vcpu_insn_exec,
+                                               QEMU_PLUGIN_CB_NO_REGS, output);
+    }
+}
+
+/**
+ * On plugin exit, print last instruction in cache
+ */
+static void plugin_exit(qemu_plugin_id_t id, void *p)
+{
+    guint i;
+    GString *s;
+    for (i = 0; i < last_exec->len; i++) {
+        s = g_array_index(last_exec, GString *, i);
+        if (s->str) {
+            qemu_plugin_outs(s->str);
+            qemu_plugin_outs("\n");
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+/**
+ * Install the plugin
+ */
+QEMU_PLUGIN_EXPORT int qemu_plugin_install(qemu_plugin_id_t id,
+                                           const qemu_info_t *info, int argc,
+                                           char **argv)
+{
+    /*
+     * Initialize dynamic array to cache vCPU instruction. In user mode
+     * we don't know the size before emulation.
+     */
+    last_exec = g_array_new(FALSE, FALSE, sizeof(GString *));
+
+    /* Register translation block and exit callbacks */
+    qemu_plugin_register_vcpu_tb_trans_cb(id, vcpu_tb_trans);
+    qemu_plugin_register_atexit_cb(id, plugin_exit, NULL);
+
+    return 0;
+}
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index c340bb02b0..83b55030ad 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -3017,6 +3017,7 @@  F: include/tcg/
 
 TCG Plugins
 M: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
+R: Alexandre Iooss <erdnaxe@crans.org>
 S: Maintained
 F: docs/devel/tcg-plugins.rst
 F: plugins/
diff --git a/contrib/plugins/Makefile b/contrib/plugins/Makefile
index 3431bc1ce9..3c9209b6b0 100644
--- a/contrib/plugins/Makefile
+++ b/contrib/plugins/Makefile
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@  include $(BUILD_DIR)/config-host.mak
 VPATH += $(SRC_PATH)/contrib/plugins
 
 NAMES :=
+NAMES += execlog
 NAMES += hotblocks
 NAMES += hotpages
 NAMES += howvec